Joseph Florimond Loubat

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Joseph Florimond Loubat
Duke de Loubat.jpg
Joseph Loubat, ca 1893
Born (1831-01-21)January 21, 1831
New York City
Died March 1, 1927(1927-03-01) (aged 96)
Nationality United States
Education University of Paris
Occupation philanthropist
Title Duc de Loubat

Joseph Florimond Loubat (January 21, 1831 – March 1, 1927) was a French and American bibliophile, antiquarian, sportsman, and philanthropist. He was ennobled as Duc de Loubat by Pope Leo XIII in 1893.

Biography[edit]

Loubat was born in New York City to Alphonse Loubat and Susan Gaillard Loubat. His father was a French inventor and businessman who was engaged in transport infrastructure development in New York City and Paris. Joseph Loubat studied at Heidelberg University and joined the Corps Saxo-Borussia.[1] He was graduated from the University of Paris in 1847, and received a doctorate in law from the University of Jena in 1869. [2]

In 1866, he accompanied Gustavus Fox as one of his secretaries during the Assistant Secretary of State for the Navy Fox's diplomatic mission to Russia.[3]

Loubat became involved with the organization of the 1867 World Exposition.

After traveling extensively in Europe, and dividing the time of his life between the Old and New Worlds, he finally settled in Paris where he died in 1927.[4] He rests at Passy Cemetery.

Philanthropy[edit]

Loubat was a philanthropist who gave in 1898 Columbia University a gift of $1.1 million in property, and later gave Columbia money to fund the Loubat Prize. He also endowed chairs at several universities across Europe and the United States, including Columbia.[5][6] He donated a statue of Pope Leo XIII to The Catholic University of America in 1891.[7]

Loubat contributed monetary funds towards the founding of the Musée d'Ethnographie du Trocadéro and Musée de l'Homme in Paris. Loubat also donated to the American Museum of Natural History a large collection of Mexican archaeological artifacts assembled on his behalf by Edward Seler in the State of Oaxaca, Mexico; a series of casts of the original Cotzumalhuapa sculptures from the ruins of Santa Lucía Cotzumalguapa, Guatemala, kept in the Ethnological Museum of Berlin; a photographic copy of the "Codex Legislatif," an ancient Aztec codex, preserved in the Library of the Chamber of Deputies, Paris; and a facsimile of the "Codex Vaticanus, No. 3773," an ancient Aztec book preserved in the Vatican Library, Rome.[8]

Yachting[edit]

Being an avid yachtsman, he was instrumental in the development of yachting in Europe and the United States. In 1873, Loubat's racing schooner Enchantress unsuccessfully competed against the Dreadnaught in the Cape May Challenge Cup;[9] in 1874, the Enchantress won in a yacht race from Le Havre to Southampton and brought home the Cape May Cup. Loubat sailed in American, European and Russian waters, writing one of the earliest American yachting memoir, A Yachtsman’s Scrap Book, or the Ups and Downs of Yacht Racing.[10]

Honors[edit]

In addition to his ennoblement, Loubat was a member of the Institut de France and Academie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres, a Commandeur of the Légion d'honneur, and a member of the Union Club, Knickerbocker Club, and New York Yacht Club. Also, he was a member of the New York and Massachusetts Historical Societies, the American Geographical Society, the American Numismatic Society, and the Hispanic Society of America, among others.

Works[edit]

  • Loubat, J. F. Address of the Duke of Loubat. New York: The Knickerbocker press, 1902.
  • Loubat, J. F. Clave general de jeroglíficos americanos de don Ignacio Borunda: manuscrit inédit pub. le duc de Loubat. Rome: J. P. Scotti, 1898.
  • Loubat, J. F. Codex Fejérváry-Mayer: An Old Mexican Picture Manuscript in the Liverpool Free Public Museums. Published at the Expense of His Excellency the Duke of Loubat. Berlin: Printed by T. and A. Constable, 1901.
  • Loubat, J. F. Estudios españoles. Los trabajos geográficos de la Casa de contratación. Sevilla: Escuela tipográfica y Librería Salesianas, 1900.
  • Loubat, J. F. The Medalllic History of the United States of America, 1776-1876, with 170 Etchings by Jules Jacquemart. Vols. 1-2. New-York, 1878.
  • Loubat, J. F. Narrative of the Mission to Russia in 1866, of the Hon. Gustavus Vasa Fox, Assistant-Secretary of the Navy. From the Journals and Notes of Joseph Florimond Loubat. Edited by John D. Champlin, Jr. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1873.
  • Loubat, J. F. A Yachtsman's Scrap Book: Or, the Ups and Downs of Yacht Racing. New York: Brentano Bros, 1887.
  • Loubat, J. F. Descripción Del Códice Cospiano: Manuscrito Pictórico De Los Antiguos Náuas Que Se Conserva En La Biblioteca De La Universidad De Bolonia. Roma: Establecimiento Danesi, 1898.
  • Loubat, J. F. Libro Del Messico, Donato Dal Sig. Co: Valerio Zani Al Sig. March: Cospi Il Di Xxvi Dicre. Mdclxv: [manuscrito Pictórico De Los Antíguos Náuas Que Se Conserva En La Biblioteca De La Universidad De Bolonia. Roma: Establecimiento Danesi, 1898.
  • Loubat, J. F. Il Manoscritto Messicano Vaticano 3738: Detto Il Codice Rios. Roma: Establecimiento Danesi, 1900.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kösener Corpslisten 1930, 71, 389
  2. ^ Obituaries: Joseph Florimond Loubat, Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, March, 1927.
  3. ^ Loubat, J. F. Narrative of the Mission to Russia in 1866, of the Hon. Gustavus Vasa Fox, Assistant-Secretary of the Navy. From the Journals and Notes of Joseph Florimond Loubat. Edited by John D. Champlin, Jr. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1873.
  4. ^ Duke de Loubat Dies at Age of 96, The New York Times, March 2, 1927, p. 25.
  5. ^ De Loubat Provides an Annuity for a Professorship of American Antiquities in the College of France, The New York Times, March 18, 1902.
  6. ^ Former Resident of New York Founds an American Professorship at Berlin with 300,000 Marks, The New York Times, September 11, 1899.
  7. ^ Mazzenga, Maria (July 16, 2015). "The Archivist's Nook: On McMahon's Oldest Resident". Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  8. ^ American Museum of Natural History. Annual Report of the President...for the Year 1896., New York, Printed for the Museum, 1897.
  9. ^ Yachting: The Enchantress and the Dreadnaught, The New York Times, October 21, 1873
  10. ^ Loubat, Joseph F. A Yachtsman's Scrap Book: Or, the Ups and Downs of Yacht Racing. New York: Brentano Bros, 1887.

External links[edit]