Joseph Gottlieb Kölreuter
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|Joseph Gottlieb Kölreuter|
|Born||April 27, 1733
Sulz am Neckar, Holy Roman Empire
|Died||November 11, 1806 (aged 73)
|Known for||Reciprocal cross|
Kölreuter was born the son of a pharmacist in Karlsruhe, Germany, and grew up in Sulz. He studied medicine at the University of Tübingen under physician and botanist Johann Georg Gmelin, receiving his PhD in 1755.
Kölreuter described many plant species, and studied pollen. He was the first scientist to hybridize plants for scientific purposes, specifically the tobacco plants Nicotiana rustica and Nicotiana paniculata.
The genus Koelreuteria has been named in his honour.
- Dissertatio inauguralis medica de insectis coleopteris, nec non de plantis quibusdam rarioribus... Tubingae: litteris Erhardianis (1755)
- Vorläufige Nachricht von einigen, das Geschlecht der Pflanzen betreffenden Versuchen (1761-1766)
- Das entdeckte Geheimniss der Cryptogamie (1777)
- Henig, Robin Marantz (2000). The Monk in the Garden: The Lost and Found Genius of Gregor Mendel, the Father of Genetics. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 978-0395-97765-1.
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