Joshua Rowntree

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Joshua Rowntree
Member of Parliament for Scarborough
In office
27 July 1886 – 26 July 1892
Preceded bySir George Sitwell
Succeeded bySir George Sitwell
Editor of The Friend
In office
Preceded byJohn Frank
Succeeded byJohn Stephenson Rowntree
Personal details
Born6 April 1844
Died10 February 1915(1915-02-10) (aged 70)
Political partyGladstonian liberal

Joshua Rowntree (6 April 1844 – 10 February 1915) was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Scarborough in 1886 and served, as a Gladstonian Liberal, until 1892, when he was succeeded by the Conservative, Sir George Reresby Sitwell, whom he had defeated in 1886.

Early life[edit]

He was educated at Bootham School, York.[1]


He was an active Quaker. After he left Parliament, in 1892, he 'gave himself with whole heart and mind to the modern interpretation of Quakerism'. He took a quiet part in enabling British Friends to come to terms with scientific discoveries and biblical criticism and with shaking off outdated customs—notably through the Manchester conference (1895), Scarborough summer school (1897), and the establishment in 1903 of a study centre at Woodbrooke, Birmingham. He was editor of The Friend from 1872 to 1875.

He gave the Swarthmore Lecture in 1913 under the title Social Service - its place in the Society of Friends.

Joshua Rowntree's publications[edit]

  • Opium habit in the East: A study of the evidence given to the Royal Commission on Opium, 1893–94. P. S. King & Son: Westminster, 1895.
  • Applied Christianity and War. An address. [c. 1904.]
  • The imperial drug trade. Methuen, First edition, 1905, Second edition, 1906[2]
  • Social Service, its place in the Society of Friends. (Series: Swarthmore Lectures) Headley Bros.: London, 1913.


  1. ^ Bootham Old Scholars Association (2011). Bootham School Register. York, England: BOSA.
  2. ^ The imperial drug trade.(1906 edition), available online



External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir George Sitwell
Member of Parliament for Scarborough
Succeeded by
Sir George Sitwell