|Member of Parliament for Scarborough|
27 July 1886 – 26 July 1892
|Preceded by||Sir George Sitwell|
|Succeeded by||Sir George Sitwell|
|Editor of The Friend|
|Preceded by||John Frank|
|Succeeded by||John Stephenson Rowntree|
|Born||6 April 1844|
|Died||10 February 1915(aged 70)|
|Political party||Gladstonian liberal|
Joshua Rowntree (6 April 1844 – 10 February 1915) was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Scarborough in 1886 and served, as a Gladstonian Liberal, until 1892, when he was succeeded by the Conservative, Sir George Reresby Sitwell, whom he had defeated in 1886.
He was an active Quaker. After he left Parliament, in 1892, he 'gave himself with whole heart and mind to the modern interpretation of Quakerism'. He took a quiet part in enabling British Friends to come to terms with scientific discoveries and biblical criticism and with shaking off outdated customs—notably through the Manchester conference (1895), Scarborough summer school (1897), and the establishment in 1903 of a study centre at Woodbrooke, Birmingham. He was editor of The Friend from 1872 to 1875.
He gave the Swarthmore Lecture in 1913 under the title Social Service - its place in the Society of Friends.
Joshua Rowntree's publications
- Opium habit in the East: A study of the evidence given to the Royal Commission on Opium, 1893–94. P. S. King & Son: Westminster, 1895.
- Applied Christianity and War. An address. [c. 1904.]
- The imperial drug trade. Methuen, First edition, 1905, Second edition, 1906
- Social Service, its place in the Society of Friends. (Series: Swarthmore Lectures) Headley Bros.: London, 1913.
- Bootham Old Scholars Association (2011). Bootham School Register. York, England: BOSA.
- The imperial drug trade.(1906 edition), available online
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography article by Edward H. Milligan, 'Rowntree, Joshua (1844–1915)', September 2004; online edn, May 2006 , accessed 30 December 2006.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir George Sitwell
| Member of Parliament for Scarborough
Sir George Sitwell
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