Judería de Córdoba

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Calle de la judería de Córdoba

The Judería de Córdoba, ‘the Jewish Quarter of Córdoba’, is the area of the Spanish city of Córdoba in which the Jews lived between the 10th and 15th centuries. It is located in the Historic centre of Córdoba, northeast of the Mezquita Catedral (the Mosque-Cathedral), in the area of the following streets : Deanes, Manríquez, Tomás Conde, Judíos, Almanzor and Romero.

It is one of the most visited areas by tourists given that, besides the Mosque, you can see monuments such as the Sinagoga (Synagogue), the Zoco Municipal (Zoco Municipal Market) or the Museo Taurino (Bull-fighting Museum), among others. It is part of the historic centre of Córdoba which was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1994.[1]

Calle de la judería de Córdoba (Jewish Quarter of Córdoba Street)[edit]

Córdoba went through a brilliant period when three peoples (Christian, Jewish and Muslim) and their respective religions lived passively, offering the world an example of tolerance and intelligent civilisation. The three languages manage to coexist and each religion manages to pray in harmony and in their own languages to God. Walking through the Jewish Quarter, along the Calle de los Judíos (Jewish Street), nowadays we can find a magnificent bronze statue dedicated to Maimónides, the great Jewish philosopher and doctor from Córdoba.

During this period, the majority of the Jewish people lived under the rule of Islam, and it was then when the long and brilliant period of the Jewish-Arab symbiosis of Córdoba began. During the four years of Umayyad hegemony, cultural, artistic and commercial Muslim activities turned Al-Ándalus (Muslim Spain) into the most cultured country in Europe. Historians talk of Córdoba with admiration, the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate, which turned into a magnificent cultural centre with its lakes and parks, amazing palaces and mosques. The court attracted and exercised its patronage over poets and philosophers, men of literature and science.

During the 10th century, Córdoba was the largest economic and cultural centre of the Western world and an example of coexistence between different cultures, Jewish people, Christians and Muslims.

In 756 AD, the Umayyad Abd-al-Rahman I, turned Córdoba into the capital of Muslim Spain and during the following 250 years it turned into one of the largest commercial and intellectual centres in the world. In 929 AD, Abd-al-Rahman III, proclaimed the caliphate and the city reached its highest splendour, rivalling Damascus and Baghdad, centres of great economic and intellectual prosperity. From the 11th century, due to the disintegration of Muslim power in Spain, part of the cultural success of Córdoba was lost, although it remained a centre for people of literature and scholars. In the 12th century, the actions of philosophers Averroes and Maimónides stand out. In 1236, Fernando III el Santo (The Saint) took the city and integrated it into the Kingdom of Castile.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Centro del Patrimonio Mundial -". whc.unesco.org (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-03-07.