Judith Gutiérrez

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Judith Gutiérrez Moscoso (1927–1 March 2003) was an Ecuadorian painter who lived and worked in Ecuador and Mexico.[1] Along with other female artists, she formed part of the Guayaquil School for Contemporary Plastic Arts (Escuela de Guayaquil en las Artes Plásticas Contemporáneas) and was active in militant groups such as the Union of the Women of Guayas (Unión de Mujeres del Guayas), a precursor to Ecuadorian feminist organizations.[1]

In 1964, after Gutiérrez' first solo exhibitions at Ecuadorian galleries such as the Casa de la Cultura "Benjamín Carrión" in Quito, her second husband, the writer Miguel Donoso Pareja, was captured along with other intellectuals by Ecuador's military regime. She accompanied him to Mexico when the regime expelled him there, and she remained there for long periods of her career.[1]

In 1982, Gutiérrez was invited by the Ecuadorian government to exhibit some of her paintings in the National Museum of the Central Bank of Ecuador. This was her first major showing after her return to Ecuador.[2]

She died in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico of a heart attack.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Gutierrez was born in 1927 in Babahoyo, Ecuador. She was raised Catholic. At an early age her father, a sailor and agriculturalist, sent her to a convent in the Andean city of Riobamba, 30 km from the base of the Chimborazo volcano.[1] The Mexican writer Juan Hadatty Saltos argued that her religious background coupled with the colors and images of the countryside where spent her childhood, greatly influenced her painting style.[1]

Influences[edit]

She studied at the School of Fine Arts in Guayaquil, Ecuador, where her most influential professor was Caesar Andrade Faini, someone with whom she had also established a "great friendship," according to scholars writing after her death.[1] Her studies under Faini, which took place after the end of her first marriage, led to a series of early exhibitions in both Guayaquil and Quito.[1][2]

Gutiérrez worked within a school described by El Universo as "modern primitivist," rejecting European forms in favor of natural, essential ones.[3] The natural forms and Christian themes in her work, would intensify upon her move to Mexico and became one of the major motifs in her career, as exemplified by the Paraísos, paintings of Eden-like gardens with groups of nude figures.[1][3]

Important works[edit]

Along with the Paraíso and Nocturno series, some of Gutierrez's other major works are: Dancer's Memory of the Artist, Book for The Blind, and The Christ of Santa Elena.

Major themes[edit]

Historia de un caballo, a 1995 work, highlights Gutiérrez's flat style and depiction of nature in her work.

Gutiérrez worked in multiple media including painting, sculpture, graphics, decoratives and applied installation. She also made puppets, costumes, and scenery for puppet shows.[1] Gutierrez was known for ingenious composition of figures, incorporating symbols, mystical scenes, as well as some Byzantine characteristics ("Bizantino Tropical" as an art critic once suggested): nature, men, women, the cosmos, are all the general components of her works.[1]

The critic Jorge Dávila Vásquez said that her work featured "the primitivism of those furtive encounters of man with the little demons of his childhood, nurtured by the religious Christian imaginary."[1]

Exhibitions[edit]

Gutierrez held numerous individual exhibitions and is represented in many galleries and museums in New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Pasadena, Washington, Great Britain, Osaka, Guayaquil, Quito, Mexico City, Munich, Havana, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Panamá, and São Paulo.[1]

Selected Individual Exhibitions[edit]

  • 1963-Escuela de Bellas Artes, Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 1963-Casa de la Cultura, Núcleo del Guayas, Guayaquil
  • 1964-Casa de la Cultura, Núcleo de los Ríos, Babahoyo, Ecuador
  • 1964-Casa de la Cultura, Quito, Ecuador
  • 1965-Galería Pecanins, Ciudad de México
  • 1966-Galería Pecanins, Ciudad de México
  • 1966-Galería de Ruta 66, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México
  • 1967-Galería Pecanins, Ciudad de México
  • 1968-Galería Pecanins, Ciudad de México
  • 1969-La Galería, Ajijic, Jalisco, México
  • 1969-Galería Pecanins, Ciudad de México
  • 1970-Galería Lepe, Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México
  • 1971-Galería Lepe, Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México
  • 1971-Centro Deportivo Israelita, Ciudad de México
  • 1973-Galería Lepe, Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México
  • 1974-Galería del Bosque, Casa del Lago, Ciudad de México
  • 1975-Un Pequeño Rincón de Arte, Ciudad de México
  • 1975-Casa del Lago-UNAM, Ciudad de México
  • 1976-Polyforum Cultura Siqueiros, Ciudad de México
  • 1976-Casa del Lago, Ciudad de México
  • 1977-Galería Arvil, Ciudad de México
  • 1979-Museo de Arte Carrillo Gil, Ciudad de México
  • 1980-Galería Míro, Monterrey, México
  • 1982-Museo Antropológico y Pinacoteco del Banco Central, Guayaquil Ecuador
  • 1982-Museo Banco Central, Cuenca, Ecuador
  • 1982-Museo Camilo Egas, Quito, Ecuador
  • 1983-Galería Madeleine Hollander, Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 1984-La Galería, Quito, Ecuador
  • 1984-Galería La Manzana Verde, Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 1985-Galería La Manzana Verde, Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 1986-Museo de Arte Contemporáneo, Pánama
  • 1989-Lizardi/Harp Gallery, Pasadena, California, USA
  • 1989-Museo Antropológico y Pinacoteco del Banco Central, Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 1990-Lizardi/Harp Gallery, Pasadena, California, USA
  • 1991-Galería Expresiones, Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 1992-Galería Arte Acá, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México
  • 1993-Galería Arte Actual Mexicano, Monterrey, México
  • 1994-Museo del Banco del Pacifico, Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 1996-Arte de Oaxaca, México
  • 1996-Casa de la Cultura de Juchitán, Oaxaca, México
  • 1997-Galería Arte Actual Mexicano, Monterrey, México
  • 1998-La Galería, Quito, Ecuador
  • 1999-Museo Municipal de Arte Moderno, Cuenca, Ecuador
  • 2000-Galería Arte Actual Mexicano, Monterrey, México
  • 2001-Instituto Cultura Cabañas, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México
  • 2001-Museo Metropolitano de Monterrey, Monterrey, México
  • 2005-"Alchemist of Color", Museum of Raúl Anguiano, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
  • 2006-2007-Alquimista del Color, Museo Antropologico y de Arte Contemporaneo (MAAC), Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 2007-Alquimista del Color, Museo Bahía de Caráquez, Ecuador

Selective Group Exhibitions[edit]

  • 1962-Casa de la Cultura, Núcleo de Los Ríos, Babahoyo, Ecuador
  • 1963-Casa de la Cultura, Quito, Ecuador
  • 1963-Casa de la Cultura, Núcleo del Guayas, Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 1970-Movimiento de Editores, Ciudad de México
  • 1971-Sala de Cabildo de Tepoztlán, México
  • 1971-Galería Misrachi, Ciudad de México
  • 1972-Museo Latinamericano, New York, NY, USA
  • 1972-Centro de Arte Moderno, Tepoztlán, México
  • 1972- The Eye Corporation, Chicago, IL, USA
  • 1973-Hugh Air West, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México
  • 1974-Museo del Valle de Bravo, Ciudad de México
  • 1975-La Mujer en La Plastica, INBA
  • 1975-Polyforum Cultural Siquei-ros, Ciudad de México
  • 1976-16 Artistas de La Plastica Actual, Conservatorio Macional de Música y Banco de Comercio, Ciudad de México
  • 1976-Galería Pro Arte (Arte Presencia, Movimiento Nacional de Mujers)
  • 1977-Mujer, imagen y voz, Museo de la ciudad de México
  • 1978-Actualidad gráfica panorama artístico, Washington, D.C., USA
  • 1978-Museo Bellas Artes de Caracas, Venezuela
  • 1979-Museo de Arte Moderno, Ciudad de México
  • 1979-Congreso Mundial de Sexología, Ciudad de México
  • 1981-Bienial Internacional de Arte, São Paulo, Brasil
  • 1981-Art Expo West Convention Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
  • 1981-Künstlerhaus Bethanien, Munich, Alemania.
  • 1982-Franklin Furnace Archive, New York, NY, USA
  • 1983-35 Mujers, Museo de Arte Carillo Gil, Ciudad de México
  • 1984-2nd Bienil de La Habana, Cuba
  • 1990-College of Creative Studies Gallery, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
  • 1991-III Bienal de Cuenca, Cuenca, Ecuador
  • 1992-Expo Arte Guadalajara, Ciudad de México
  • 1994-Expo Arte Guadalajara, Ciudad de México
  • 1995-Galería Alejandro Gallo, Guadalajara, México
  • 1995-Museo Wifredo Lam, La Habana, Cuba
  • 1995-Galería Óscar Román, Ciudad de México
  • 1995-Perfiles Gráficos, Near Northwest Arts Council Gallery, Chicago, IL, USA
  • 1995-La Caba, Ajijic, Jalisco, México
  • 1995-4 Artistas de Latinoamérica, Mexican Fine Arts Center Museum, Chicago, IL, USA
  • 1997-Expo Arte, Guadalajara, México
  • 1997-Museo de las Artes, Universidad de Guadalajara, México
  • 1997- Trienal de Osaka, Osaka, Japan
  • 1997-Intercambio de grabadores de Bristol y Guadalajara, The Bristol City Museum and Art gallery, Great Britain
  • 1997-Arcángeles en la tradición latinoamericana: interpretaciones contemporaneas, Museum of Latin American Art, Long Beach, CA, USA
  • 1999-Del desencanto à la armonía, Museo del Centenario, Monterrey, México
  • 1999-Haus Der Kunst, Guadalajara, México
  • 1999-Dia de muertos, Haus Der Kunst, Guadalajara, México
  • 2000-Galería Topor, Guadalajara, México
  • 2000-Museo El Centenario, Monterrey, México
  • 2001-Arte Objeto, La Mandrágora, Guadalajara, México
  • 2001-Arte en piedra, Instituto Cultural Cabañas, Guadalajara, México
  • 2013-Disrupted Nature, Museum of Latin American Art, Long Beach, CA, USA

Further reading[edit]

Gutierrez, Judith (1993). Judith Gutiérrez : del suspiro. Monterrey: Arte Actual Mexicano.[4]

Gutiérrez, Judith (2001). Retorno a los sueños. Monterrey: Museo Metropolitano del Monterrey.[5]

Gutiérrez, Judith (1982). Judith Gutiérrez : el paraíso y otras estancias : pinturas, tapices, libros de artista, instalación. [Guayaquil, Ecuador?]: Banco Central del Ecuador.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Saltos, Juan Hatatty (2003). "Judith Gutiérrez: Una artista de Ecuador". ArchipiéLAgo. 5 (40): 58–63. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Falleció pintora Judith Gutiérrez". El Universo. 3 March 2003. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Kronfle, Rodolfo (16 March 2003). "Los paraísos de Judith Gutiérrez". El Universo. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  4. ^ Gutierrez, Judith (1993). Judith Gutiérrez : del suspiro. Monterrey: Arte Actual Mexicano. 
  5. ^ Gutiérrez, Judith (2001). Retorno a los sueños. Monterrey: Museo Metropolitano del Monterrey. 
  6. ^ Gutiérrez, Judith (1982). Judith Gutiérrez : el paraíso y otras estancias : pinturas, tapices, libros de artista, instalación. [Guayaquil, Ecuador?]: Banco Central del Ecuador.