Jugular foramen syndrome

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Jugular foramen syndrome
Brain human normal inferior view with labels en-2.svg
Human brain(normal) inferior view showing cranial nerves

Jugular foramen syndrome, or Vernet's syndrome, is characterized by paresis of the glossopharyngeal, vagal, and accessory (with or without the hypoglossal) nerves.[1][2]


Symptoms of this syndrome are consequences of this paresis. As such, in an affected patient, you may find:



  • Gadolinium enhanced mri for vestibular schwannoma
  • mri and biopsy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma
  • based on nerve palsies
  • NCCT for occipital bone fracture


  1. ^ Erol FS, Kaplan M, Kavakli A, Ozveren MF.Jugular foramen syndrome caused by choleastatoma. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2005 Jun;107(4):342-6.
  2. ^ Quinones-Hinojosa, Alfredo, ed. (2012). Schmidek and Sweet Indications, Methods and Results (Expert Consult - Online and Print) (6th ed.). London: Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 2337. ISBN 9781455723287.