Jules Lion (c. 1809-1866) was born in Paris and exhibited at the Paris Salon before, as a "Free Man of Color," emigrating to the United States in 1837. He was the first African-American photographer, opening a daguerrotype studio in New Orleans in 1840 one year after the invention of the process. On March 14, 1840, the New Orleans Bee published a notice about an exhibition of Lion's daguerreotypes at the St. Charles Museum, the first documented photography exhibition in Louisiana.
While Lion also painted, his main focus was a series of lithographed portraits of prominent Louisianans and people connected to Louisiana history, including John James Audubon and Andrew Jackson. Lion taught art at the Louisiana College and, late in his life, created lithographed Confederate sheet music covers.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jules Lion.|
- Bio & Works. Encyclopedia of Louisiana.
- Jules Lion
- Selections of nineteenth-century Afro-American Art, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on Jules Lion