Julio Salgado (born September 1, 1983) is a gay Mexican-born artist who grew up in Long Beach, California. Through the use of art Salgado has become a well-known activist within the DREAM Act movement. Salgado uses his art to empower undocumented and queer people by telling their story and putting a human face to the issue. He has worked on various art projects that address anti-immigrant discourse, the issues of what it means to be undocumented, and what it means to be undocu-queer. One of his more well-known projects is a series of satire images addressing American Apparel’s use of a farm worker in one of their ads in the summer of 2011.
Early life and education
Julio Salgado was born on September 1, 1983 in Ensenada, Mexico. When Salgado’s younger sister was diagnosed with a life threatening kidney disease in 1995, Salgado and his family emigrated to the United States. After being advised by the doctor that a return to Mexico would result in his sister's death, Salgado’s family decided to remain in the United States. The Salgado family overstayed their visas and Salgado was left to live under an undocumented immigrant status in the United States. Salgado attended David Starr Jordan High School in Long Beach, California and graduated from the class of 2001. Because Salgado was an undocumented student, he did not qualify for federal financial aid. After high school Salgado took on various low-paying jobs in order to pay his way through college. In 2010 he obtained a Bachelor of Arts in Journalism from California State University, Long Beach. He began his artistic career as the editorial cartoonist for the Daily 49er newspaper of CSU, Long Beach.
Salgado faced the challenges of being both undocumented and gay, forcing him to "come out" twice. Growing up in a traditional heterosexual family Salgado found being queer a much more difficult challenge than being undocumented. During his high school and college years, afraid of insults and rejection, he maintained his queer identity hidden and only felt safe revealing his undocumented status since many of those around him faced the same struggle. Salgado’s mother was the first person to know about his queer identity. In the 8th grade, he began documenting intimate sketches and writings in a personal journal, expressing his feelings for other boys. After his mother stumbled upon this journal and read his entries, he had no choice but to confess his queer identity. To Salgado’s surprise, his mother was very understanding and accepted him regardless.Salgado has made his queer identity and undocumented status public by speaking on the need to humanize both issues.
In 2010, a group of undocumented students protested in front of the Hart Senate Building in Washington D.C. demanding the passage of the Federal DREAM Act. Julio’s activist role emerged after coming across the photograph in the Washington Post of Diana Yael Martinez, an undocumented student who was being arrested after refusing to leave the sit-in at the senate building. His anger with such treatment ignited the illustrations that were later used in the DREAM Act movement. He states, “I channeled all that anger into my sketchpad and I began to draw.”. Although Julio’s use of art began as a refuge that saved him from his hardships, DREAM Act activists soon found themselves using them as weapons for rallies and campaigns. Salgado links his undocumented and queer identity in most of his artwork in order to put a face to the issue. Salgado explains, “In the past, one could see articles or interviews with a hidden face or an anonymous name. That would dehumanize the issue and by us coming out and saying we’re undocumented and unafraid, we’re putting a face to it." As a result, he has worked on multiple projects that give young undocumented and undocumented queers a chance to come out of the shadows and share their experiences.Salgado uses his art as a form of activism. He considers himself an "artivist".
Marita Sturken and Lisa Cartwright state that “many artists have attempted to defy those conventions to break the rules of various systems of representation, and to push at the definitions of representation"(2007). Salgado’s work reflects Sturken and Cartwright’s concept of system of representation through his strategies of redefining the meaning of being undocumented and queer.
Salgado is a self-taught artist who uses marker and paper to draw much of his work. He has also made it known that he draws many of his illustrations with the help of a computer mouse. He uses his personal Facebook account and Tumblr as his mediums to publicize the vast majority of his artwork.
I am Undocu-Queer!
Salgado began working on the “I am Undocu-Queer!” art project in 2012. With this project Salgado, in conjunction with the Queer Undocumented Immigrant Project (QUIP), “aims to give … undocumented queers more of a presence in the discussion of migrant rights”. The illustrations consist of images of real young undocumented queer people who have chosen to come out of the shadows to define what it means to be both undocumented and queer.The drawings of the young people are accompanied by a quote that states the subject’s meaning of being undocumented and queer. In an episode of Queer Conversations with the San Jose based poet Yosimar Reyes, Salgado explained the need to use real undocumented and queer activists in his artwork as a “form of documenting the key individuals in the movement”. UndocuQueer activists have been at the forefront in acts of disobedience that bring attention to the DREAM Act.
In May 2012 American Apparel faced criticism due to a magazine ad that was published in the Summer of 2011. The ad features a young white female model linking arms with a dark-skinned Latino farm worker. The ad identifies the models as “Robin a USC student, studying Public Relations, with Raul, a California farmer in Denim and Chambray.” In an interview with Colorlines Salgado expressed his reaction: “My first thought was, this is so unrealistic…. what exactly is it that American Apparel is trying to say here? Is it, ‘See? There’s unity? We like you!’ That’s not how it happens, and American Apparel has always used people, especially women, as objects. Were they just doing this to get on the undocumented wagon?”
Salgado created the “Undocumented Apparel” series as a reaction to the original ad by drawing real undocumented people that are part of his life. The images of the people are also “accompanied by an acidic quote contrasting their lives to American Apparel’s upwardly mobile clientele.” Like much of Salgado’s previous work, the images turned into a form of homage for the people he knows.
In 2010 Salgado along with four friends – Jesus Iñiguez, Fernando Romero, and Deisy Hernandez – launched the nationwide media project DREAMers Adrift. Salgado and his colleagues’ mission was to create a space for DREAM Act eligible students to tell their stories through the use of narratives, poetry, visual arts, and blogging. The founders’ main purpose is to give young undocumented people the tools to become empowered and to make themselves visible. The stories published in the website are those of young people who are forced to deal with the current immigration system in the United States.
DREAMersAdrift features a series of videos titled “Undocumented and Awkward” that demonstrate through the use of comedy the predicaments in which numerous of undocumented students find themselves in throughout and after college. Salgado states that many of the situations that are acted out throughout the skits are situations that he has personally found himself in. Some of these moments include narratives of running into an old high-school friend while working in housekeeping at a hotel; getting denied entrance to a dance club because Consular Identifications are not seen as valid forms of identification; and also having to come out to other undocumented people as queer.
“For My Dreamers”
Salgado dedicates much of his art to the undocumented activists who are in the forefront of the DREAM Act movement. The images include messages in support of the DREAM Act, opposition to anti-immigrant bills, as well as messages of encouragement for undocumented people. Salgado also uses his art in order to raise awareness of deportation cases and the ways that people can take action in order to stop them. Much of his artwork is used in rallies all throughout the United States in support of the DREAM Act.
The “I Exist” collection specifically addresses the DREAM Act movement. The images in this collection demand the anti-immigrant discourse in mainstream media to humanize the language and treatment aimed towards undocumented youth. Salgado declares: “The language that anti-immigrant folks have used [aims to]…erase our identities or erase the fact that we exist here. So I wanted with my artwork kind of to say, ‘hey listen, I exist,’ [and] it’s almost like a scream." The images of students wearing cap and gown emphasizes Salgado’s message to decriminalizing undocumented students.
- Channing, Kennedy. Undocumented Artist Gives American Apparel’s Farmer Ad a Political Twist . ColorLines. June 1, 2012[permanent dead link]
- San Ramon, Gabriel. Undocumented Artist Julio Salgado Spoofs Controversial American Apparel Ad.OCWEEKLY. May 31, 2012
- Melesaine, Jean and Yosimar Reyes. Queer Conversations with "UndocuQueer" Julio Salgado. De-Bug. March 14, 2012
- Rojas, Leslie Berestein.Out of the closet twice: Cartoonist Julio Salgado on coming out as undocumented and gay.Multi-American.December 23.2011 Archived 2012-05-10 at the Wayback Machine.
- Abramson,Marc.Pushing for Immigrant Law and Citizen Status. The Washington Post. July 21,2010
- David Perry Interviews Julio Salgado.YouTube.com. April 3, 2012
- Lopez, Rogelio Alejandro. Interview Highlights: Dreamers Adrift and the "I Exist" Collection. MIT Center for Civic Media. April 2, 2012
- Sturken, Martia; Lisa Cartwright (2007). Practices of Looking; An Introduction of Visual Culture. Oxford: Oxford University. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-0198742715.
- Salgado, Julio. I Exist. Tumblr. February 2012.
- Chen, Michelle. Documenting Undocumented Youth: Behind the Scenes with DREAMers Adrift . Huff Post: Latino Voices. January 4, 2012