Julius Hirschberg

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Julius Hirschberg (1843-1925)

Julius Hirschberg (1843 – 1925) was a German ophthalmologist and medical historian.

In 1875, Hirschberg coined the term "campimetry" for the measurement of the visual field on a flat surface (tangent screen test) [1] and in 1879 he became the first to use an electromagnet to remove metallic foreign bodies from the eye.[2] In 1886, he developed the Hirschberg test for measuring strabismus.[2] His series Geschichte der Augenheilkunde (History of Ophthalmology), nine volumes written from 1899 to 1917, is considered by some to be one of his greatest achievements.[3]


External links[edit]


  • Snyder C. "Julius Hirschberg, the neglected historian of ophthalmology." Am J Ophthalmol. 1981 May;91(5):664-76. PMID 7015867 .
  • Biro I. "[In memory of Julius Hirschberg.]" Orv Hetil. 1976 Aug 8;117(32):1953-4. PMID 785335.
  • Koelbing HM. "[Julius Hirschberg (1843-1925), ophthalmologist and medical historian (author's transl).]" Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd. 1976 Jan;168(1):103-8. PMID 789990.