Justice (Star Trek: The Next Generation)
|Star Trek: The Next Generation episode|
|Episode no.||Season 1
|Directed by||James L. Conway|
|Story by||Worley Thorne
|Teleplay by||Worley Thorne|
|Featured music||Dennis McCarthy|
|Cinematography by||Edward R. Brown|
|Original air date||November 9, 1987|
"Justice" is the eighth episode of the first season of the American science fiction television series Star Trek: The Next Generation. The episode first aired in broadcast syndication on November 9, 1987. Directed by James L. Conway, writer John D. F. Black originally pitched the story, but after Worley Thorne and Gene Roddenberry modified it, Thorne wrote the script. Because of the changes to the story, Black chose to receive his credit under the pseudonym Ralph Wills.
Set in the 24th century, the series follows the adventures of the Starfleet crew of the Federation starship Enterprise-D. In this episode, Wesley Crusher (Wil Wheaton) is sentenced to death after inadvertently breaking the law on an alien planet. Captain Jean-Luc Picard (Patrick Stewart) must deal with the powerful and mysterious protector of the planet while deliberating whether to violate the Prime Directive to save Wesley's life.
This was the first episode of The Next Generation to feature multiple shots filmed on location, with scenes filmed in Van Nuys, Los Angeles, and the Huntington Library in Pasadena, California. "Justice" was the second most viewed episode of the first season, with 12.7 million viewers. The episode received a mostly negative response, with critics pointing to issues with the quality of the acting and the predictability of the plot.
The USS Enterprise arrives for shore leave at the paradisiacal, newly discovered planet of Rubicun III. A small advance party from the ship are sent down to meet with the Edo, the native people of the planet. Captain Jean-Luc Picard (Patrick Stewart) sends Wesley Crusher (Wil Wheaton) as part of the away team to evaluate the planet on behalf of the young people on board the Enterprise. Upon their arrival, they are greeted by Rivan (Brenda Bakke) and Liator (Jay Louden) in a very comfortable way, triggering Lt. Worf (Michael Dorn) to determine it a "nice planet", while Wesley leaves the adults to socialize with native teenagers. On the Enterprise, Lt. Commander Data (Brent Spiner) reports something unusual orbiting the planet, but nothing appears on the viewscreen. He sends out a communications signal which reveals another vessel in orbit. A small ball of light enters the bridge and communicates with Picard through Data in a booming voice warning him not to interfere with the Edo, calling them his "children". The intruder then incapacitates Data.
On Rubicun III, the Edo explain to Lt. Tasha Yar (Denise Crosby) and Worf that capital punishment is used to enforce their laws. The away team rush to warn Wesley, only to discover he has accidentally broken a greenhouse while playing catch with the Edo youths. An Edo policeman attempts to give Wesley a lethal injection for this infraction of the law, but Yar and Worf draw their phasers. On the ship, the sphere leaves Data's body and departs. Picard, upon hearing of the situation with Wesley, transports to the surface. He meets with representatives of the Edo in a council chamber and explains that Earth no longer practices capital punishment. Some Edo interpret this stance as an attempt by the Federation to push their superiority and suggest that Picard should mount a rescue effort for the boy. He says he cannot, quoting the Prime Directive.
Picard asks about the mysterious vessel in orbit and discovers that the Edo worship it as a god. He returns to his ship with Rivan (an Edo) and Counsellor Deanna Troi (Marina Sirtis). Rivan sees the strange ship from orbit and confirms it is the Edo's god. She is transported back to the surface when the ship threatens the Enterprise for taking her away from the planet. Data reveals that, while he was in communication with the entity, it will protect the Edo as if they were its children. After considering their options, Picard returns to the planet's surface and announces that he is willing to risk the wrath of the entity. He orders the transportation of Wesley to the Enterprise, but the entity does not allow the transporters to operate. Picard pleads with the Edo god that laws must allow for exceptions to ensure justice, and after this statement the transporters go back online and allows the away team to return. Upon leaving the planet, Picard communicates with the entity to inform it that they are leaving and will remove recently placed colonists at a nearby star system under the entity's claimed jurisdiction. With that, the entity disappears and the Enterprise departs.
John D. F. Black's original pitch featured a story about capital punishment. His idea was based on a film treatment detailing the colony planet of Llarof where capital punishment is handed down as a sentence for any offense except against those who are immune from the law. In the treatment, a security officer is killed by a local law enforcement officer, who is then killed himself by his partner for unjustly killing the Enterprise crewman. The planet would have had a rebel faction who wanted to overthrow the laws, which Picard refused to back initially whilst citing the Prime Directive. A second draft featured a rebel leader executed for treason. Black explained the premise of a society that developed laws to prevent terrorism and anarchy: "Let's say that what we do is kill everybody who is a terrorist or suspected of being a terrorist. Now the people who have killed everybody, what do they do?"
The idea was re-written by the show's creator Gene Roddenberry and writer Worley Thorne. It was Roddenberry and Thorne who created the godlike entity and sexed up the Edo. James L. Conway directed the episode, having just finished the MacGyver episode, "Jack in the Box". Josh Clark, who plays a Conn officer in "Justice", later appears as Lt. Joe Carey in all seven seasons of Star Trek: Voyager.
"Justice" is the first episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation filmed mostly on location, and the first of any scenes on location other than those set in the holodeck in "Encounter at Farpoint". Scenes shot at the Tillman Water Reclamation Plant in Van Nuys, Los Angeles, were located under the flight path for the Van Nuys Airport. The noise from overhead planes was so loud, the actors were required to re-record their lines in the studio. Filming for the scene where Wesley crashes into the greenhouse occurred on the grounds of the Huntington Library[note 1] in Pasadena, California.
Reception and home media
"Justice" first aired in broadcast syndication on November 8, 1987 . It received Nielsen ratings of 12.7 million, placing it in third place in the timeslot. It ranked the second highest viewed episode of the first season, after the premiere "Encounter at Farpoint", which was seen by 15.7 million viewers.
Several reviewers re-watched the episode after the end of the series. Castmember Wil Wheaton watched "Justice" for AOL TV in December 2006. He observed problems with his acting and the plot development, particularly where Picard transports the Edo woman to the Enterprise. Wheaton felt Picard's actions were a clear breach of the Prime Directive which was otherwise at the heart of the episode. On the other hand, he thought the episode showed a proper dynamic between Picard and the bridge crew, and he believed it tackled a real ethics problem in a manner more frequently seen in the 2004 Battlestar Galactica television series. Wheaton gave the episode of "Justice" a grade of B+.
Keith DeCandido reviewed the episode for Tor.com in May 2011. He said the episode "collapses under the weight of its own ridiculousness", and he criticized the Edo as caricatures. DeCandido thought that the plot involving Wesley was predictable, but that the scripting for Picard helped to cement him as a "great character". He gave the episode a score of two out of ten.
James Hunt reviewed the episode for Den of Geek in November 2012. He liked the central idea, but said it was typical of the poor quality of the early episodes of the series. Hunt also thought multiple plot details were not addressed, such as the origin of the alien entity and the reason for the Edo's fear of it. Jamahl Epsicokhan for his website Jammer's Reviews, said that the episode featured "yet another Trek-cliched Infinitely Superior Life Form", and featured a debate which was "more obtuse than enlightening". He gave it a score of one out of four.
"Justice" was first released on VHS cassette in the United States and Canada on July 1, 1992. The episode was later included on the Star Trek: The Next Generation season one DVD box set, released in March 2002. The most recent release was as part of the season one Blu-ray set on July 24, 2012.
- "The Apple"—an episode of Star Trek: The Original Series which sees the crew visit an idyllic planet under the guardianship of a godlike machine.
- "Bem"—an episode of the animated series Star Trek where a primitive planetary society is cared for by a god-like alien entity whom an Enterprise captain must contend with over what is just.
- Nemecek (2003): p. 40
- Gross; Altman (1993): p. 159
- DeCandido, Keith (May 30, 2011). "Star Trek: The Next Generation Rewatch: "Justice"". Tor.com. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- Wheaton, Wil (December 5, 2005). "Star Trek: The Next Generation: Justice". AOL TV. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- "Star Trek: The Next Generation Season 1 Ratings". TrekNation. Archived from the original on October 5, 2000. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- Hunt, James (November 9, 2012). "Revisiting Star Trek TNG: Justice". Den of Geek. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- Epsicokhan, Jamahl. "Star Trek: The Next Generation "Justice"". Jammer's Review. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- "Star Trek: The Next Generation - Episode 9 (VHS)". Tower Video. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- Periguard, Mark A (March 24, 2002). "'Life as a House' rests on shaky foundation". The Boston Herald. Retrieved April 9, 2013. (subscription required)
- Shaffer, RL (April 30, 2012). "Star Trek: The Next Generation Beams to Blu-ray". IGN. Retrieved April 9, 2013.
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