Justinian (1787 ship)

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United Kingdom
Name: Justinian
Owner: Hamilton & Co.[1]
Builder: Peter Everitt Mestaer, King and Queen Dock, Rotherhithe[1]
Launched: 14 September 1787[1]
General characteristics [1]
Tons burthen: 375594, or 401[2] (bm)
Length: 86 feet 4 inches (26.3 m) (keel)
Beam: 28 feet 7 inches (8.7 m)
Depth of hold: 12 feet 3 inches (3.7 m)
Propulsion: Sail

Justinian was launched in 1787 at Rotherhithe as a West Indiaman. Between 1789 and 1791 she served as storeship, carrying provisions to the convict settlement at New South Wales. From there she sailed to China, via Norfolk Island, where she picked up a cargo for the British East India Company (EIC); from there she sailed back to England.

Transport to NSW and EIC voyage[edit]

Justinian left England on 29 July 1789 for Jamaica. She arrived there, unloaded her cargo, loaded a cargo of sugar, and returned to England. There the government hired her to carry stores to New South Wales. She had left for Jamaica on the same day that Lady Juliana left for Port Jackson, carrying convicts.

Captain Benjamin Maitland sailed Justinian from Falmouth, England, on 20 January 1790. After calling at Madeira and St Jago, she arrived at Sydney Cove in Port Jackson on 20 June, having been driven off from the harbour heads on 2 June. She had arrived at the Sydney Heads one day before Lady Juliana and only ill winds had prevented her from entering.[3]

One week after Justinian's arrival, the three ships of the infamous Second Fleet arrived. After unloading, she departed for China on 28 July 1790, calling at Norfolk Island on the way.[4][5]

Justinian arrived at England on 8 October 1791. She then returned to the West Indies trade.[1] She was last listed in Lloyd's Register in 1796.

Citations and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Hackman (2001).
  2. ^ Lloyd's Register (1790), seq. no. M559.
  3. ^ Anon. (1894), p.55.
  4. ^ Becke (1899), p. 159.
  5. ^ Becke (1899), p.194.
  • Anon. (1894) History of New South Wales from the Records: Phillip and Grose, 1789-1794. (Charles Potter).
  • Becke, Louis; Jeffery, Walter (1899). H. F. Wilson, ed. Admiral Phillip. Builders of Greater Britain. London: T. Fisher Unwin. 
  • Hackman, Rowan (2001) Ships of the East India Company. (Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society). ISBN 0-905617-96-7