Károly Thern

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Károly Thern

Károly (Carl) Thern (13 August 1817 – 13 April 1886)[1][2] was a Hungarian composer, pianist, conductor and arranger. He was of German descent, but was among the second generation of composers who developed the language of Hungarian art music.[3]

Thern was born in 1817,in Spišská Nová Ves (Zipser Neudorf in German, Iglo in Hungarian; now in Slovakia).[4]

He conducted at the National Theatre of Pest in 1840s, and at the Music Lovers' Association of Pest between 1868 and 1873, in succession to Mihály Mosonyi.[5] He was also active as a teacher at the National Conservatory.

Thern's incidental music included Svatopluk by József Gaál (1839) in which he introduced the tárogató alongside standard orchestral instruments.[6] His operas included Gizul (premiered 21 December 1841), The Siege of Tihany (Tihany ostroma; 12 April 1845), and The Would-be Invalid (A képzelt beteg; 11 October 1855).[7][8][9] Gizul was described as a "... remarkable reflection of the endeavour to give [its] schooling [i.e. musical technique] a Hungarian character, to adorn it as if it were in Hungarian garment".[10] His other music includes a Symphony (1871);[11] a Trio in D minor for two violins and viola, Op. 60;[12] a Hungarian March for piano 6-hands;[13] Landleben, 8 Character Pieces for piano, Op. 38;[14] a Nocturne for solo piano,[15] and songs for plays about Hungarian village life. Thern's music has been rediscovered by the Hungarian pianist Ilona Prunyi.[16]

Karoly Thern made a number of arrangements for piano duet or two pianos, including:

His sons Willi and Louis Thern were his best piano students, and they became a famous team of duo pianists and later teachers.

Thern was an ardent champion of Franz Liszt, who used his melody Fóti dal in his Hungarian Rhapsody No. 1. Liszt dedicated Eucharistia to Karoly Thern, and his arrangement for piano 4-hands of the marches by Franz Schubert to his sons Willi and Louis.

Thern died in Vienna in 1886.[7]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World of Quotes. World of Quotes. Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  2. ^ Chronology of Notable Deaths
  3. ^ Conceptualising National Music in Hungary and Romania. None. Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  4. ^ Oesterreichisches Musiklexikon ONLINE. Musiklexikon.ac.at (14 December 2009). Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  5. ^ Mosonyi Mihály: Transcriptions And Marches For Piano. Kassai-istvan.hu. Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  6. ^ The Brief History of the Tarogato Archived 19 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ a b Italian Opera. Italian Opera. Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  8. ^ A Concise History of Hungarian Music. Mek.niif.hu. Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  9. ^ Operairodalom. None. Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  10. ^ Ferenc Erkel Operas. Zti.hu (13 November 1933). Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  11. ^ Symphonies-Dates[dead link]
  12. ^ Viola Sheet Music. (PDF) . Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  13. ^ TrioDan. TrioDan. Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  14. ^ Hofmeister XIX Archived 3 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ Kodály Jubileum 125
  16. ^ March 2006&l=en Budapest Spring Festival. Btf.hu. Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  17. ^ divine art. divine art. Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  18. ^ Music Web International. Music Web International. Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  19. ^ Divine Art. Divine Art. Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  20. ^ Antikvariat Enhorningen. Svaf.se (26 September 2011). Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  21. ^ Franz Liszt’s music manuscripts in the national Széchényi Library, Budapest. Books.google.com.au. Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  22. ^ [1][dead link]
  23. ^ Music for two pianos 8-hands. Nikhef.nl. Retrieved on 11 January 2012.
  24. ^ Musikantiquariat Katzbichler at the Wayback Machine (archived 21 September 2003)