|Born||February 25, 1930|
|Died||October 14, 2013 (aged 83)|
|Occupation||writer, university professor|
|Alma mater||Tokyo University|
|Literary movement||surrealism, modernism|
Kōichi Iijima (飯島耕一 Iijima Kōichi, February 25, 1930- October 14, 2013) was a Japanese poet, novelist, and translator. He was a member of the Japan Art Academy.
Born in Okayama City, Iijima graduated from the French Literature Department of Tokyo University. While in university he established together with, among others, Isamu Kurita the magazine Cahier. In 1956, he and Makoto Ōoka were among the founders of the Surrealism Research Society.
In 1953, he published his first collection of poems, Tanin no sora ("Another person's sky"). In 2008, he was elected a member of the Japan Art Academy. He also worked as a professor at Meiji University and Kokugakuin University. He translated or wrote about Henri Barbusse, Antonin Artaud, Brassaï, Joan Miró i Ferrà, Henry Miller, Marcel Aymé, Guillaume Apollinaire, etc.
He is the father of architecture critic Yōichi Iijima.
- Takami Jun Award for ゴヤのファースト・ネームは (Goya no first name wa) (1974)
- Tōson kinen rekitei Award for 飯島耕一詩集 (Iijima Kōichi shishũ) (1978)
- Gendai shijin Award for 夜を夢想する小太陽の独言 (Yoru wo musōsuru shotaiyō no dokugen) (1983)
- Bunkamura Prix des Deux Magots for 暗殺百美人 (Ansatsu hyaku bijin) (1996)
- Yomiuri Prize for アメリカ (America) (2005)
- Nihon gendai ishika bungakukan Award (2005)
- "飯島耕一氏が死去 詩人" (in Japanese). Nihon Keizai Shimbun. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
- "訃報:飯島耕一さん８３歳＝詩人、日本芸術院会員" (in Japanese). Mainichi Shimbun. Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
- "詩人の飯島耕一さん死去" (in Japanese). NHK. Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
- "詩人の飯島耕一さん死去 「他人の空」「アメリカ」" (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved October 23, 2013.