Kalika Pitha

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The Kalika pīţha[1] or Kalika maţha, also called "western peeth",[2][note 1] is an ancient monastery situated in the coastal city of Dwaraka, Gujarat, India. It is one of the four cardinal mathas or seats of learning founded by Adi Shankara in 8th Century CE, and is the pascimāmnāya matha, or western matha.[4] It is also known as the Kālikā Matha, and per the tradition initiated by Adi Shankara it represents Sama Veda.


  1. Shri Trivikrama Tirtha was the head of the monastery until 1921 when he was succeeded by Sri Bharati Krishna Tirtha.
  2. Shri Bharati was invited to lead the Puri matha in 1925 after the position had become vacant.
  3. Shri Bharati was succeeded by Shri Swarupananda and Shri Yogeswarananda.


In 1945, Shri Abhinava Saccidananda Tirtha was nominated to the position. Before assuming his position at Dvaraka, Abhinava was the head of the Mulabagal matha in Karnataka, which was the 17th century branch of the Dvaraka matha. As a result, the cumulative lineage of Mulabagal matha was merged with Dvaraka when Abhinava took office there. Years later Shri Saccidananda helped to mediate the Shankarcharya successions at Puri and Jyotir Math.[5] Since Abhinava died in 1982, this peeth has been led by Swami Swarūpānanda Saraswatī[5][6] who is one of the claimants to the position of Shankaracharya of the northern matha called Jyotir Pitha or Jyotir Math.[7]


  1. ^ Dvaraka Peeth, located in the west, and Sringeri Sharada Peetham, located in the south, are both called "Sharada Peeth".[3]


  1. ^ Nirmala Ramachandran (2000). Hindu Heritage, Volume 1. Stamford Lake Publication. p. 101. They are Jyotir-math at Badarinath, Kalika peetham at Dwarka, Govardhana peetham at Jagganath Puri, Sarada peetham at Sringeri and the Kamakoti peetham at Kanchi. Adi Shankara was the greatest exponent of the Advaita philosophy.
  2. ^ nn 1964, p. 12.
  3. ^ Singh & Mishra 2010, p. 322.
  4. ^ Pasricha, Prem C. (1977) The Whole Thing the Real Thing, Delhi Photo Company, p. 59-63
  5. ^ a b Unknown author (May 5, 1999) archived here. Accessed: 2012-08-30. or here%5D The Monastic Tradition Advaita Vedanta web page, retrieved August 28, 2012
  6. ^ Author unknown (2008) Swami Swarupananda Saraswati bio Web site of Swami Swarupananda Saraswati, retrieved August 4, 2012
  7. ^ Unknown author (2005) Indology The Jyotirmaṭha Śaṅkarācārya Lineage in the 20th Century, retrieved August 4, 2012