Shankaracharya Swami Swaroopanand Saraswati (born 2 September 1924) is an Indian religious leader and freedom fighter. He was jailed for participating in Quit India Movement, and served two prison sentences in 1942. In 1973, he became the Shankaracharya of Jyotir Math, Badrinath; following a 1982 court case he filed claiming rights to the position and title. At this time he was appointed as the Shankaracharya (undisputed) of Dwarka peeth as well.
Swaroopanand Saraswati was born Pothiram Upadhyay in 1924 at Dighori village of Seoni district, Madhya Pradesh. A direct disciple of Shankaracharya Brahmananda Saraswati of Jyotir Math (1941-1953) and of Shankaracharya (disputed) Krishnabodha Ashrama of Jyotir Math (1953-1973), in 1950 his Guru Brahmananda made him a Dandi Sannyasi. Swami Swaroopanand became president of the Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad, established by Swami Karpatri. On Swami Krishnabodha Ashrama's demise in 1973 the title of Shankaracharya (disputed) of Jyotir Math, Badrinath passed to Swami Swaroopanand. Later he also became the Shankaracharya of Dwarka peeth in 1982. To date (2019) Swami Swaroopanand's claim to title of Shankaracharya of Jyotir Math remains disputed. Regarding his relationship with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (who was Brahmanand Saraswati's personal assistant for more than a decade), Swaroopananda Ji once commented: "It would be nice if he Maharishi once flies from America to India without any airplane. Then perhaps what he says can be accepted".
At 19 years old he became a freedom fighter in the Quit India movement in 1942 and was known as "Revolutionary Sadhu". He was jailed, serving two prison sentences for the same of 9 months & 6 months.
On River Ganga pollution
Swami Swaroopanand in June 2012  told Uttarakhand CM Vijay Bahuguna his stance against having hydro projects, dams, and barrages on the River Ganga. He also organised a protest at Jantar Mantar against such projects. Hydro projects at Panch Prayag, Deo Prayag, Rudra Prayag, Karan Prayag, Nand Prayag, and Vishnu Prayag, were affecting local ecology and sanctity of the Ganga; since it was being dammed at numerous sites and being confined into cemented tunnels, natural, mineral quality ingredients and anti-bacterial elements in the waters of the Ganga were being lost.
Swami Swaroopanand in January 2016 noted the pitiable condition of the River Ganga and stated that the proposed dams in Uttarakhand should not be constructed to ensure the free flow of the pure water from the sources of the River. Only the free flow is required for a clean Ganga, he said.
On Jammu and Kashmir and Article 370
On 30 June 2014, Swami Swaroopanand said that Article 370 should be removed from Jammu and Kashmir. He said that the abrogation of the Article will be beneficial for the people in the valley and that a demographic balance is necessary to end recurring strife in J&K. "Tension does not erupt in places where there is a demographic balance of communities. Take Punjab for instance. Hindus and Sikhs are in equal number there. They need each other and so there is no room for a clash between them. The growing morale of anti-national elements in Kashmir is a result of the country's weak laws. The Union government should revoke article 370 in Kashmir which will permit influx of people from outside the state into the state's population and end its strife-torn atmosphere. The return of Kashmiri Pandits to their home state alone can counter the growing morale of anti-national elements in the state."
Uniform civil code
He has also advocated a uniform civil law for Hindus and Muslims in India to maintain a balance in their population.
Cow, bull, and bullock protection and export of beef
Swami Swaroopanand in May 2015 welcomed the decision of the Maharashtra government to extend ban on cow slaughter to bulls and bullocks in the state and opined that it would increase the production of milk which will in turn help feed children in the country. He stated that more than 12 crore cows were being slaughtered in the entire country every year which needed to be stopped. "This Act should be implemented throughout the country. India is a Hindu majority country still we produce a huge quantity of beef. India is the biggest exporter of beef which is shameful for us. The government should ban export of beef and we must protect cows by all means. Some political leaders opposed the law banning cow slaughter just to appease Muslims and other minority groups. Providing beef in the name of cheap source of protein to minority and depriving the majority from milk is against both the democratic and Indian values. Milk is a rich source of protein, and to ensure availability of milk it is essential to put a blanket ban on cow slaughter across the country."
He said in February 2016 that the RSS claimed to be working for Hinduism but thousands of RSS workers in Arunachal Pradesh ate beef.
On women worshipping Shani
When feminists tried to enter the sanctum of Shani Shingnapur temple, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, in January 2016, Swami Swaroopanand stated, "Shani is a kroor (cruel) graha, hence women should beware of worshiping the deity. Since the effect of Shani is harmful for women, they should be away from the deity.". Swami Swaroopanand added that due to teaching through intense suffering, the entry of women into Shani Shingnapur temple will lead to more rapes.
On Shirdi Sai Baba
Swami Swaroopanand in July 2014 caused controversy due to his remarks against Shirdi Sai Baba and his followers. After government minister Uma Bharti publicly claimed devotion to Shirdi Sai Baba, Swaroopanand demanded an apology from her and wrote, "There is no mention of Sai Baba in the Shastras and the Vedas," so he "should not be worshiped with Hindu gods. He was not god, he was just a Muslim Fakir" (referring to Shirdi Sai Baba's Muslim origins). He also said that Shirdi Sai Baba was one "who used to eat meat and worship Allah, a man like that can never be a Hindu god," that he "used to refrain from taking a dip in the river Ganga and asked people to keep him away from Ganga", that "worshiping Sai Baba was part of a conspiracy hatched by people to divide Hindus as the saint was not a God but a human being", that "followers of Sai Baba should not worship Lord Rama", and that "Sai Baba used to say Sabka Malik Ek (god is one for all). If so, why do the Buddhists and Jains worship separate gods?" while acknowledging Shirdi Sai Baba as a great man. He also mobilised the Naga sadhus in enforcing his order that Sai devotees should not be allowed to worship Rama or bathe in the Ganga.
After these remarks, several formal FIR and PIL complaints were filed against Swami Swaroopanand. In September 2015, he gave in writing to the court that his statements were not intended to hurt the religious sentiments of people, and he is apologetic if his statements had hurt the sentiments of the people.
Swami Swaroopanand in February 2016 questioned the claim of ISKCON to be a part of Sanatana Dharma and accused it to be a front for money-laundering, it being used to send money from India to USA and other foreign countries. Money donated by Indians were being shunted to the USA. He questioned the growing number of their temples in India and said that if they were sincere they should have built them in Assam and Chhattisgarh which had fewer temples. Their aim was not religion or spirituality but something else, he claimed.
On RSS, Indian elections of 2014, and Narendra Modi
Swami Swaroopanand in May 2015 said, "Despite Prime Minister Narendra Modi's assertion to curb corruption, bribe taking is rampant in the country. This is because of degradation of moral values and ethics in society."
Swami Swaroopanand in March 2016 said on the RSS, "RSS takes the name of the Hindus, but they have no commitment towards Hindutva. They are trying to deceive people by telling that they have come to protect the Hindus. This is more deadly. BJP rules this country now. Before this, it was Congress. But under both the governments, cow slaughter has been continuously happening. Then what is the difference between BJP and Congress? BJP initially said that they will build Ram Temple at Ayodhya and remove Article 370. Now they are saying that they will think over it."
On intolerance debate and JNU agitations of 2016
In the context of the 2015 Dadri mob lynching alleging cow slaughter and consumption of beef, Swami Swaroopanand in March 2016 said, "Let any Hindu eat pork, host pork party and then give a public press conference on it and if 'they' bear with it, then it is real tolerance."
In the context of the 2016 JNU sedition controversy he said, "College students these days are disjoint from spirituality. This lack of spiritual & cultural knowledge leads them into becoming anti-national."
On youth and spirituality
Swami Swaroopanand in March 2016 said, "There is an increasing feeling of 'detachment from faith' among the Hindu youths as compared to those of other religions. There is a need to include Hindu scriptures in the curriculum of schools and colleges to prevent the long-term mental degeneration of Hindus due to influence from anti-Hindu propaganda that has its clutches deep into almost every socio-cultural sphere of India. While 'they' have their religious schools to spread fundamentalism, terrorism and hate preaching, we don't have a medium to reach out the Hindu youth about the richness and greatness of our scriptures and cultural values. It's the central government’s responsibility to ensure the traditions of this nation are preserved."
Against Movie 'PK'
- "Thumbnail sketch biography of Swami Swaroopanand Saraswati". Paul Mason. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
- "Shri Jagat Guru Shankaracharya Swami Swaroopanand".
- "Badrinath shrine dispute ends". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
- Hydropower projects on Ganga not acceptable: Shankaracharya; Go for alternative generation measures, jagad guru tells CM
- Worshipping Shani not good for women, says Shankaracharya Swaroopanand Saraswati
- Abrogate Art 370 for demographic balance in J-K: Swaroopanand
- "Now, Swaroopannad wants Article 370 scrapped". Haridwar. Archived from the original on 7 July 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- Shankaracharya Saraswati hails beef ban decision in Maha
- Govt should ban beef export: Shankaracharya
- ISKCON front for money laundering: Swami Swaroopanand Saraswati
- "Complaint filed against Shankaracharya Swaroopanand". Jaipur: The Economic Times.
- "Complaint filed against Shankaracharya Swaroopanand in Jaipur". Jaipur: ABP News. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- "Shankaracharya Swaroopanand takes on Sai Baba: Is it a battle for religious supremacy?". IBN Live. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Now, Shankaracharya calls Sai Baba 'Muslim', stokes controversy". New Delhi: Zee News. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- Naidu, Chandrakant (3 July 2014). "Shankaracharya wages war on Sai Baba, backed by Naga sadhus". First Post. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- Swaroopanand Saraswati tenders apology for remarks against Sai Baba
- Pork, Intolerance, RSS & JNU – Opening up with The Dwaraka Shankaracharya
- "Censor Board member claims objected to scenes in 'PK'; Shankaracharya Swaroopanand demands CBI probe". DNA India. 6 January 2015. Retrieved 21 August 2014.