Kalvarija, Lithuania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Church in Kalvarija
Church in Kalvarija
Coat of arms of Kalvarija
Coat of arms
Kalvarija is located in Lithuania
Location of Kalvarija
Coordinates: 54°25′0″N 23°13′0″E / 54.41667°N 23.21667°E / 54.41667; 23.21667Coordinates: 54°25′0″N 23°13′0″E / 54.41667°N 23.21667°E / 54.41667; 23.21667
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Suvalkija
County Marijampolė County
Municipality Kalvarija Municipality
Eldership Kalvarija eldership
Capital of Kalvarija Municipality
Kalvarija eldership
First mentioned 1667
Granted city rights 1791
Population (2005)
 • Total 5,066
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Kalvarija (About this sound pronunciation ) is a city in southwestern Lithuania, located in the Marijampolė County, close to the border with Poland.

Etymology and names[edit]

Variants of the name include Kalvarijos, Kalvariya, Kalwarja,[1] Kalvarye (Yiddish), Kalwaria (Polish), Kalvarien (German), Calvaria, Kalvaria, Kalwariya, and Kalwarya.[2] The town is named after Golgotha also known as Calvary.


Winter synagogue
Old synagogue from the 18th century

In 1705 the first wooden church was built. In 1713, local Jews received permission from King August II to build a synagogue and Jewish craftsmen were first permitted to practice their crafts without having to be members of the craft guilds. In 1791 Stanisław August Poniatowski recognized that Kalvarija had the right to call itself a town and confirmed the municipality's coat of arms. Kalvarija developed rapidly when the new St. PetersburgWarsaw road was constructed at the beginning of the 19th century. 1840 saw the construction of a new Catholic church, which still stands today. By the outbreak of World War I, Kalvarija had over 10,000 inhabitants; the destruction of two-thirds of the town during the war caused the population decline. During World War II, in 1941, a mass execution of 38-150 Jews of the city was perpetrated by Lithuanians nazis.[3]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kalvarija is twinned with:


  1. ^ United States Board on Geographic Names - Kalvarija (54° 24' 00" N, 023° 14' 00" E). Accessed 2009-11-19.
  2. ^ "Kalvarija, Lithuania". Jewishgen.org. Retrieved 2009-11-19. 
  3. ^ http://www.holocaustatlas.lt/EN/#a_atlas/search/vcntfr=0.vcntto=500/page/6/item/82/

External links[edit]