Archeological Sites at Kawela
Archeological Sites at Kawela are a number of archeological sites at or near the settlement of Kawela on the southern coast of Molokaʻi, the northernmost of the islands of Maui County, Hawaii. It was the site of two battles in Hawaiian history.
In about February 1795, women and children escaped to Molokaʻi when Kamehameha I had just conquered Maui. In pursuit, the vast fleet of war canoes stretched all along the coast from Kawela past Kaunakakai to the area known as Kalamaʻula.:171 The army met little resistance this time. Queen Kalola was asked if the two kingdoms could be united by marrying off her daughter Keōpūolani, who was considered to have the best royal family background, and thus would be suitable as a mother of future rulers. Her sons and grandsons would rule the Kingdom of Hawaii as the House of Kamehameha. In the late 19th century it was part of the vast Molokaʻi Ranch owned by King Kamehameha V and managed by the family of Rudolph Wilhelm Meyer.
The area now has a few vacation homes along the shore, and one subdivision of 120 2-acre (8,100 m2) lots that are zoned for agriculture on the hills. Wadsworth Y. H. Yee, in the Hawaii Senate from the Republican Party of Hawaii proposed the development in the 1970s. Ground was broken on December 20, 1980.
There are 21 which are separately listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The names used in the NRHP all start with the words "Archeological Site" and then an optional list of site numbers from a survey done by the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum when the development was proposed with a letter "T" followed by a dash, and then a state site identifier which four numbers separated with dashes, starting with "50-60" indicating the 50th state of Hawaii and the county of Maui County, a map quadrant, and site within the state registry. The sites are scattered through the area, and are located on private property so generally not accessible to the public.
The sites are:
|Reference number||Survey sites||Date listed||State site||Area||Summary|
|82000152||T-10||November 3, 1982||50-60-04-702||0.2 acres (810 m2)||3 dwellings|
|82000163||T-108||November 5, 1982||50-60-03-713||4.5 acres (1.8 ha)||Agricultural fields|
|82000164||T-111-116; T-182||November 5, 1982||50-60-04-710||9 acres (3.6 ha)||7 burials|
|82000153||T-12||November 4, 1982||50-60-04-704||0.2 acres (810 m2)||Rock carving|
|82000165||T-125-6; T-181||November 5, 1982||50-60-03-714||3.9 acres (1.6 ha)||25 buildings and agricultural sites|
|82000166||T-134||November 5, 1982||50-60-03-718||0.5 acres (0.20 ha)||Dwellings and burials|
|82000167||T-135-6||November 5, 1982||50-60-03-719||0.6 acres (0.24 ha)||Building|
|82000168||T-155, -158||November 5, 1982||50-60-03-721||6.5 acres (2.6 ha)||11 religious structures|
|82000169||T-165-6||November 5, 1982||50-60-03-727||0.7 acres (0.28 ha)||2 buildings|
|82000154||T-19||November 4, 1982||50-60-04-705||0.1 acres (400 m2)||1 dwelling|
|82000150||T-5, T-122, T-178||November 3, 1982||50-60-04-142||0.9 acres (0.36 ha)||6 religious structures|
|82000157||T-57||November 4, 1982||50-60-03-720||5 acres (2.0 ha)||24 grave sites|
|82000151||T-6 complex||November 3, 1982||50-60-04-700||1.6 acres (0.65 ha)||12 structures|
|82000158||T-76||November 4, 1982||50-60-03-724||0.5 acres (0.20 ha)||6 domestic structures|
|82000170||T-78||November 4, 1982||50-60-03-723||0.2 acres (810 m2)||Religious structure|
|82000159||T-79||November 4, 1982||50-60-03-726||1 acre (0.40 ha)||7 domestic structures|
|82000160||T-81, -100, -101, -105, -142||November 4, 1982||50-60-03-717||1.4 acres (0.57 ha)||27 burials|
|82000161||T-88||November 4, 1982||50-60-04-707||0.5 acres (0.20 ha)||Religious structure|
|82000162||T-92||November 5, 1982||50-60-04-708||1.2 acres (0.49 ha)||7 domestic structures|
|82000155||November 3, 1982||50-60-04-140||0.9 acres (0.36 ha)||Place of refuge, Puʻuhonua|
|82000156||November 3, 1982||50-60-04-144||0.3 acres (1,200 m2)||Burial Mound and fishing site|
|82000174||T-20 and T-42-3||November 3, 1982||50-60-04-706||1.1 acres (0.45 ha)||Kamehameha V Wall|
- Lloyd J. Soehren (2004). "lookup of Kawela". on Hawaiian place names. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kawela
- Kamakau, Samuel (1992) . Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii (Revised ed.). Honolulu: Kamehameha Schools Press. ISBN 0-87336-014-1.
- Abraham Fornander (1996) . An Account of the Polynesian Race: Its Origin and Migrations, and the ancient history of the Hawaiian people to the times of Kamehameha I. Volume II. Trubner & company, republished by Mutual Publishing. ISBN 978-1-56647-147-3. pp 136–138, 284, 288-289
- "Kawela Battle Field". Hawaii web. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
- Esther Mookini (1998). "Keopuolani: Sacred Wife, Queen Mother, 1778-1823". Hawaiian Journal of History. 32. Hawaii Historical Society. pp. 1–24. hdl:10524/569.
- "East Molokai Watershed Partnership Strategic Plan" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
- "Kawela Plantation Homeowners' Association". official web site. Archived from the original on 12 May 2010. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
- "Kakahaiʻa National Wildlife Refuge". United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Archived from the original on 14 May 2010. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Catherine C. Summers (1971). Molokai: a site survey. Dept. of Anthropology, Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum.
- "National and State Register of Historic Places on Moloka'i" (PDF). Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division. January 2003. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
- "Tax map for Zone 5, section 4, plat 03". Maui County. Retrieved May 20, 2010.