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Archeological site
Kanmer is located in India
Coordinates: 23°30′26″N 70°52′39″E / 23.50722°N 70.87750°E / 23.50722; 70.87750Coordinates: 23°30′26″N 70°52′39″E / 23.50722°N 70.87750°E / 23.50722; 70.87750
Country India
Province Gujarat
Time zone Indian Standard Time (UTC+5.30)

Kanmer is an archaeological site belonging to Indus Valley Civilization, located in Rapar Taluk, Kutch District, Gujarat, India.[1]


Indo-Japanese joint excavation at Kanmer was undertaken during 2006 by Institute of Rajasthan Studies, RIHN,JRN Rajasthan Vidyapeeth, Archeology Department, Gujarat and Japanese team.[2]


The site was strongly fortified despite being small, perhaps because it may have been located on trade route between Sindh and Saurashtra.[2]


Rich ceramic assemblage, representing the Mature Harappan culture was found at this site.[2] Three clay seals with central holes, making them pendants, with Indus scripts were found. A large number of bead-making goods — 150 stone beads and roughouts, 160 drill bits, 433 faience beads and 20,000 steaite beads — were found here, indicating the site's importance as an industrial unit. Agate quarries were also located at a distance of 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the site.[3]


The figures appearing on clay seals and their similarity with those of Mohenjo-daro indicate Kanmer's association with bigger trade centres like Harappa and Mohenjo-daro.[3]


  1. ^ Pokharia, Anil K.; Kharakwal, Jeewan Singh; Rawat, R. S.; Osada, Toshiki; Nautiyal, C. M.; Srivastava, Alka (25 June 2011). "Archaeobotany and archaeology at Kanmer, a Harappan site in Kachchh, Gujarat: evidence for adaptation in response to climatic variability" (PDF). Current Science, Vol. 100, No. 12. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Osada, Toshiki (Ed.) (2006). Indus civilization : Text and Context (Revised and enlarged ed.). New Delhi: Manohar Publisher. pp. 9–11. ISBN 9788173046827. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Agrawal, D. P.; Kharakwal, J. S.; Rawat, Y. S.; Osada, T.; Goyal, Pankaj. "Redefining the Harappan Hinterland". Antiquity.ac.uk. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

KHARAKWAL, J.S., Y.S. RAWAT & T. OSADA.(2008) Preliminary observations on the excavation at Kanmer, Kachchh, India, in T. Osada & A. Uesugi (ed.) Linguistics, Archaeology and the Human past (Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Occasional Paper 5): 5-24. Kyoto: Research Institute for Humanity and Nature.