List of predecessors of the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway

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The following railroad companies became part of the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway (Frisco) system, usually through consolidation.

Early lines in Missouri and Kansas[edit]

The Frisco started out as the Southwest Branch (heading west-southwesterly from St. Louis) of the Pacific (later Missouri Pacific) Railroad, and was split out in 1866. That same year, Congress incorporated the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, which would end up extending the line through Springfield and Tulsa to Sapulpa.[1]

Name Incorporation Began operations Succession Notes
St. Louis–San Francisco Railway (Frisco of 1916) 1916 1916 1980 (to Burlington Northern Railroad)[2]
St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad (Frisco of 1896) 1896 1896 1916 (to Frisco of 1916)
St. Louis and San Francisco Railway (Frisco of 1876) 1876 1876 1896 (to Frisco of 1896)
Atlantic and Pacific Railroad 1866 1870 1876 (in Missouri, to Frisco of 1876); 1897 (in Oklahoma, to Frisco of 1896)
1897 (in New Mexico, Arizona, and California, to Santa Fe Pacific Railroad)
South Pacific Railroad 1868 1868 1870 (to Atlantic and Pacific)
Southwest Pacific Railroad 1866 1866 1868 (to South Pacific)
Pacific Railroad 1849 1852 1866 (Southwest Branch, authorized 1852, to Southwest Pacific)
1876 (main line, to Missouri Pacific Railway)
St. Louis, Salem and Arkansas Railway 1887 1887 1897 (to Frisco of 1896) Cuba (on the main line) to Salem with branches
St. Louis, Salem and Little Rock Railroad 1871 1873 1887 (to St. Louis, Salem and Arkansas)
Sligo Furnace Railroad 1880 1881 1881 (to St. Louis, Salem and Little Rock)
Dent and Phelps Railroad 1877 1878 1881 (to St. Louis, Salem and Little Rock)
Crawford County Midland Railroad 1904 1905 1905 (to Frisco of 1896) Branch of the line to Salem
Springfield Connecting Railway 1886 1887 1926 (to Frisco of 1916)[3]
Springfield and Southern Railway 1882 1883 1885 (to Frisco of 1876) Springfield to Chadwick
Springfield and Northern Railway 1884 1884 1885 (to Frisco of 1876) Springfield to Bolivar
Kansas City, Osceola and Southern Railway 1891 1891 1900 (to Frisco of 1896) Bolivar to Kansas City
Kansas City and Southern Railway 1880 1885 1891 (to Kansas City, Osceola and Southern)
Kansas City, Memphis and Mobile Railroad 1871 N/A 1880 (to Kansas City and Southern)
Missouri and Western Railway 1875 1875 1879 (to Frisco of 1876) Pierce City (on the main line) to Oswego, with a branch to Joplin
Pierce City and Kansas Railroad 1875 N/A 1875 (to Missouri and Western)
Oswego and State Line Railroad 1875 N/A 1875 (to Missouri and Western)
Memphis, Carthage and Northwestern Railroad 1871 1872 1877 (to Missouri and Western)
State Line, Oswego and Southern Kansas Railway 1872 N/A 1872 (to Memphis, Carthage and Northwestern)
St. Louis, Wichita and Western Railway 1879 1879 1882 (to Frisco of 1876) Oswego to Wichita
Kansas Midland Railroad 1900 1900 1900 (to Frisco of 1896) Wichita to Ellsworth
Kansas Midland Railway 1886 1888 1900 (to Kansas Midland Railroad)
Joplin Railway 1882 1882 1882 (to Frisco of 1876) Girard to Galena via Joplin
Joplin and Galena Railway 1880 1881 1882 (to Joplin Railway)
Joplin Railroad 1874 1877 1882 (to Joplin Railway)
Pittsburg and Columbus Railway 1886 1887 1926 (to Frisco of 1916)[3] Pittsburg to Weir
West Tulsa Belt Railway 1909 1910 1922 (to Frisco of 1916)[4]

St. Louis, Memphis and Southeastern Railroad[edit]

Name Incorporation Began operations Succession Notes
St. Louis, Memphis and Southeastern Railroad 1902 1902 1907 (to Frisco of 1896) St. Louis to Luxora and Hoxie with many branches
Crystal Railway 1880 1881 1902 (to St. Louis, Memphis and Southeastern) Branch from St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway to Crystal City; later formed part of the main line of the St. Louis, Memphis and Southeastern
Crystal City Railway 1878 1879 1881 (to Crystal Railway)
Cape Girardeau and Northern Railroad 1901 N/A 1902 (to St. Louis, Memphis and Southeastern) St. Louis to Cape Girardeau (completed by the St. Louis, Memphis and Southeastern)
St. Louis and Memphis Railway 1901 1901 1902 (to St. Louis, Memphis and Southeastern) Cape Girardeau to Luxora (completed by the St. Louis, Memphis and Southeastern)
St. Louis and Memphis Railroad 1898 1898 1901 (to St. Louis and Memphis Railway)
Memphis and St. Louis Railroad 1899 1901 1901 (to St. Louis and Memphis Railway)
St. Louis, Caruthersville and Memphis Railroad 1897 1901 1901 (to St. Louis and Memphis Railway)
Southern Missouri and Arkansas Railroad 1899 1899 1902 (to St. Louis, Memphis and Southeastern) Cape Girardeau to Hunter, with a branch to Hoxie via Poplar Bluff (completed by the St. Louis, Memphis and Southeastern)
St. Louis, Cape Girardeau and Ft. Smith Railway 1891 1891 1899 (to Southern Missouri and Arkansas)
Cape Girardeau Southwestern Railway 1881 1882 1891 (renamed St. Louis, Cape Girardeau and Ft. Smith)
Cape Girardeau Railway 1880 N/A 1881 (renamed Cape Girardeau Southwestern)
Cape Girardeau and State Line Railway 1869 N/A 1880 (to Cape Girardeau Railway)
Pilot Knob, Cape Girardeau and Belmont Railroad 1859 N/A 1869 (renamed Cape Girardeau and State Line)
Arkansas Railroad 1901 N/A 1901 (to Southern Missouri and Arkansas)
Hoxie, Pocahontas and Northern Railroad 1896 1896 1901 (to Southern Missouri and Arkansas)
St. Louis and Gulf Railway 1902 1902 1904 (to St. Louis, Memphis and Southeastern) Cape Girardeau to Caruthersville with many branches
Houck's Missouri and Arkansas Railroad 1893 1893 1902 (to St. Louis and Gulf) Cape Girardeau to Morley via Commerce
Morley and Morehouse Railroad 1897 1898 1902 (to St. Louis and Gulf) Morley to Morehouse
St. Louis, Morehouse and Southern Railroad 1899 1901 1904 (to St. Louis and Gulf) Morehouse to Pascola (completed by the St. Louis and Gulf)
Pemiscot Southern Railroad 1900 1901 1902 (to St. Louis and Gulf) Pascola to Deering
Cape Girardeau, Bloomfield and Southern Railway 1887 1891 1902 (to St. Louis and Gulf) Zalma to Campbell via Brownwood and Bloomfield, with a branch to Vanduser (completed by the St. Louis and Gulf)
Brownwood and Northwestern Railway 1886 1887 1898 (to Cape Girardeau, Bloomfield and Southern)
Missouri Southeastern Railway 1891 1894 1898 (to Cape Girardeau, Bloomfield and Southern)
St. Louis, Kennett and Southern Railroad 1890 1891 1902 (to St. Louis and Gulf) Campbell to Caruthersville
Pemiscot Railroad 1892 1894 1895 (to St. Louis, Kennett and Southern)
Clarkton Branch St. Louis, Kennett and Southern Railroad 1901 1901 1902 (to St. Louis and Gulf) Gibson to Tallapoosa via Clarkton; branch to Malden built by the St. Louis and Gulf
St. Francois Valley Railroad 1898 1898 1902 (to St. Louis and Gulf) Campbell to Caligoa
Kennett and Osceola Railroad 1896 1897 1902 (to St. Louis and Gulf) Kennett to Leachville (completed by the St. Louis and Gulf)

Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis Railway[edit]

Name Incorporation Began operations Succession Notes
Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis Railway 1901 1901 1901 All track goes into operation by the Frisco(the Frisco buys off the last shares of stock in 1926) Kansas City to West Memphis with many branches
Gulf, Arkansas and Northwestern Railway 1898 N/A 1901 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis)
Arkansas North Western Railway 1894 N/A 1898 (to Gulf, Arkansas and Northwestern)
Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis Railroad 1888 1888 1901 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis Railway) Kansas City to West Memphis with many branches
Kansas City, Fort Scott and Springfield Railroad 1888 1888 1888 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis Railroad) Kansas City to West Memphis with many branches
Kansas City, Fort Scott and Gulf Railroad 1879 1879 1888 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Springfield) Kansas City to Baxter Springs (later extended to Afton)
Missouri River, Fort Scott and Gulf Railroad 1868 1868 1879 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Gulf)
Kansas and Neosho Valley Railroad 1865 1868 1868 (renamed Missouri River, Fort Scott and Gulf)
Fort Scott, South Eastern and Memphis Railway 1874 1874 1888 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Springfield) Fort Scott to Arcadia
Kansas and Missouri Railroad 1882 1882 1888 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Springfield) Arcadia to Weir
Cherokee and Memphis Railroad 1882 N/A 1882 (to Kansas and Missouri)
Fort Scott and Carthage Railroad 1881 1881 1882 (to Kansas and Missouri)
Memphis, Kansas and Colorado Railroad 1877 1881 1888 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Springfield) Weir to Cherryvale
Memphis and Ellsworth Narrow Gauge Railroad 1876 N/A 1878 (to Memphis, Kansas and Colorado)
Fort Scott, South Eastern and Memphis Railroad 1880 1880 1888 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Springfield) Arcadia to Ash Grove
Springfield and Western Missouri Railroad 1877[citation needed] 1878 1888 (to Kansas City, Springfield and Memphis) Ash Grove to Springfield
Springfield Western and Southern Railroad of Missouri 1875 N/A 1877[citation needed] (renamed Springfield and Western Missouri)
Kansas City and Memphis Railroad 1872 N/A 1879 (to Springfield and Western Missouri)
Kansas City, Springfield and Memphis Railroad 1881 1883 1888 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis Railroad) Springfield to West Memphis
Springfield and Memphis Railroad 1880 N/A 1883 (to Kansas City, Springfield and Memphis)
Kansas City, Clinton and Springfield Railway 1885 1885 1928 (to Frisco of 1916)[3] Olathe to Ash Grove, with a branch to Pleasant Hill
Kansas City, Clinton and Springfield Railroad 1884 N/A 1885 (to Kansas City, Clinton and Springfield Railway) Raymore to Ash Grove (completed by the Kansas City, Clinton and Springfield Railway)
Pleasant Hill and De Soto Railroad 1877 1877 1885 (to Kansas City, Clinton and Springfield Railway) Cedar to Pleasant Hill
St. Louis, Lawrence and Western Railroad 1874 1874 1877 (to Pleasant Hill and De Soto)
portion to Kansas City, Topeka and Western Railroad
St. Louis, Lawrence and Denver Railroad 1865 1871 1874 (renamed St. Louis, Lawrence and Western)
Lawrence and Carbondale Railroad unknown N/A 1873 (to St. Louis, Lawrence and Denver)
Pleasant Hill and Lawrence Branch of the Pacific Railroad unknown N/A 1870 (to St. Louis, Lawrence and Denver)
Lawrence and Pleasant Hill Railway 1869 N/A 1870 (to St. Louis, Lawrence and Denver)
Rich Hill Railroad 1880 1880 1888 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Springfield) Pleasanton to Rich Hill
Short Creek and Joplin Railroad 1879 1880 1888 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Springfield) Baxter Springs to Webb City via Joplin
Mineral Belt Railroad 1886 1900 1901 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis) Joplin to Webb City
Greenfield and Northern Railroad 1886 1886 1895 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis Railroad) Greenfield to Aurora
Greenfield Railroad 1884 1886 1886 (renamed Greenfield and Northern)
Current River Railroad 1887 1887 1901 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis) Willow Springs to Grandin
Bonnerville and Southwestern Railroad 1905 1905 1920s (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis)[4] Bono to Algoa
Tyronza Central Railroad 1902 1902 1920s (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis)[4] Tyronza to Lepanto
Deckerville, Osceola and Northern Railroad 1897 1900 1901 (to Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis) Turrell to Luxora
Kansas City and Memphis Railway and Bridge Company 1887 1892 1928 (to Frisco of 1916)[3]
Kansas City, Memphis and Birmingham Railroad 1886 1887 1928 (to Frisco of 1916)[3] Memphis to Birmingham, with branches to Aberdeen, Bessemer, and Sipsey
Memphis and Birmingham Railroad 1886 N/A 1887 (to Kansas City, Memphis and Birmingham)
Memphis and Southeastern Railroad 1886 N/A 1886 (to Kansas City, Memphis and Birmingham)
Memphis, Birmingham and Atlantic Railroad 1885 1885 1887 (to Kansas City, Memphis and Birmingham)
Memphis, Selma and Brunswick Railroad 1881 1885 1885 (to Memphis, Birmingham and Atlantic)
Memphis, Holly Springs and Selma Railroad 1881 N/A 1881 (renamed Memphis, Selma and Brunswick)
Selma, Marion and Memphis Railroad 1868 N/A 1881 (to Memphis, Holly Springs and Selma)
Memphis, Holly Springs, Okolona and Selma Railroad 1867 N/A 1870 (renamed Selma, Marion and Memphis)
Memphis, Holly Springs and Mobile Railroad 1859 N/A 1867 (renamed Memphis, Holly Springs, Okolona and Selma)
Birmingham Belt Railroad 1899 1899 1968 (to Frisco of 1916)[3]

Other extensions into Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas[edit]

Because of a provision of the Texas Constitution, railroad companies operating in that state had to be incorporated in Texas. The Frisco's primary Texas subsidiary was the St. Louis, San Francisco and Texas Railway (Frisco of Texas).[5]

Name Incorporation Began operations Succession Notes
St. Louis and Oklahoma City Railroad 1895 1898 1899 (to Frisco of 1896) Sapulpa to Oklahoma City
Oklahoma City Terminal Railroad 1900 1900 1901 (to Frisco of 1896)
Oklahoma City and Western Railroad 1899 1902 1907 (to Frisco of 1896) Oklahoma City to state line near Quanah
Oklahoma City and Texas Railroad 1901 1903 1904 (to Frisco of Texas) State line to Quanah
Quanah, Acme and Pacific Railway 1909 1910 1981 (to Burlington Northern Railroad)[2] Quanah to Floydada
Acme, Red River and Northern Railway 1902 N/A 1909 (renamed Quanah, Acme and Pacific)
Motley County Railway 1913 1914 1926 (to Quanah, Acme and Pacific)[6] Branch of Quanah, Acme and Pacific to Matador
Sapulpa and Oil Field Railroad 1915 1916 1917 (to Frisco of 1896) Depew (on the line to Quanah) to Shamrock
St. Louis, Oklahoma and Southern Railway 1895 1900 1901 (to Frisco of 1896) Sapulpa to state line near Denison
St. Louis, San Francisco and Texas Railway 1900 1901 1964 (to Frisco of 1916)[3] State line to Denison (acquired other lines in 1904)
Red River, Texas and Southern Railway 1901 1902 1904 (to Frisco of Texas) Denison to Dallas and Fort Worth
Sulphur Springs Railway 1902 1903 1907 (to Frisco of 1896) Scullin (on the line to Dallas-Fort Worth) to Sulphur
Arkansas Valley and Western Railway 1902 1904 1907 (to Frisco of 1896) Tulsa to Avard
St. Louis, Arkansas and Texas Railway 1880 1880 1882 (to Frisco of 1876) Monett (on the main line) to Fort Smith; completed by the Frisco
Missouri, Arkansas and Southern Railway 1880 N/A 1881 (to St. Louis, Arkansas and Texas)
Fort Smith and Van Buren Bridge Company 1885 1886 1907 (to Frisco of 1896)
Fort Smith and Southern Railway 1886 1887 1887 (to Frisco of 1876) Fort Smith to the state line near Paris; completed by the Frisco
Paris and Great Northern Railroad 1881 1888 1928 (to Frisco of Texas)[7] State line to Paris
Arkansas and Oklahoma Railroad 1898 1898 1901 (to Frisco of 1896) Rogers (on the line to Fort Smith) to Grove via Bentonville
Bentonville Railroad 1882 1883 1900 (to Arkansas and Oklahoma)
Fayetteville and Little Rock Railroad 1886 1887 1887 (Fayetteville to Patrick, to Frisco of 1876); 1926 (remainder, to Frisco of 1916)[3] Fayetteville (on the line to Fort Smith) to Pettigrew
Ozark and Cherokee Central Railway 1901 1903 1907 (to Frisco of 1896) Fayetteville (on the line to Fort Smith) to Okmulgee (on the line to Dallas-Fort Worth)
North Arkansas and Western Railway 1899 N/A 1901 (renamed Ozark and Cherokee Central)
Muskogee City Bridge Company 1901 1903 1903 (to Ozark and Cherokee Central)
Shawnee, Oklahoma and Missouri Coal and Railway Company 1899 1903 1903 (to Ozark and Cherokee Central)
Little Rock and Texas Railway 1887 1887 1926 (to Frisco of 1916)[3] Hackett (on the line to Paris) to Mansfield
Kansas City and Southwestern Railroad 1884 1885 1897 (to Frisco of 1896) Beaumont (on the line to Wichita) to state line near Arkansas City
Kansas, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway 1897 1899 1899 (to Frisco of 1896) State line near Arkansas City to Blackwell
Blackwell, Enid and Southwestern Railway 1900 1901 1907 (to Frisco of 1896) Blackwell to state line near Vernon
Blackwell, Enid and Texas Railway 1901 1902 1904 (to Frisco of Texas) State line to Vernon
St. Louis, San Francisco and New Orleans Railroad 1902 1902 1907 (to Frisco of 1896) Hope to Ardmore, with a branch to near Denison
Arkansas and Choctaw Railway 1895 1896 1902 (renamed St. Louis, San Francisco and New Orleans)

Other extensions through Mississippi and Alabama[edit]

Name Incorporation Began operations Succession Notes
Muscle Shoals, Birmingham and Pensacola Railroad 1924 1924 1928 (to Frisco of 1916)[3] Aberdeen to Pensacola
Muscle Shoals, Birmingham and Pensacola Railway 1922 1922 1924 (to Muscle Shoals, Birmingham and Pensacola Railroad)[8]
Gulf, Florida and Alabama Railway 1911 1912 1922 (to Muscle Shoals, Birmingham and Pensacola Railway)[8]
Gulf Ports Terminal Railway[9] 1916 1916 1927 (to Muscle Shoals, Birmingham and Pensacola Railroad)[3] Pensacola to Muscogee, with an incomplete branch towards Mobile
Pensacola, Mobile and New Orleans Railway 1907 1908 1917 (to Gulf Ports Terminal)
Pensacola and Perdido Railroad 1869 1870 1915 (to Pensacola, Mobile and New Orleans)
Pensacola, Alabama and Tennessee Railroad 1892 1893 1915 (to Pensacola, Mobile and New Orleans)
Alabama, Tennessee and Northern Railroad 1918 1918 1971 (to Frisco of 1916)[3] Reform to Mobile
Alabama, Tennessee and Northern Railway[10] 1913 1913 1918 (to Alabama, Tennessee and Northern Railroad)[4]
Alabama, Tennessee and Northern Railroad 1906 1906 1913 (to Alabama, Tennessee and Northern Railway)
Carrollton Short Line Railway 1897 1899 1906 (renamed Alabama, Tennessee and Northern Railroad)
Mobile Terminal and Railway Company 1910 1910 1913 (to Alabama, Tennessee and Northern Railway)
Tombigbee Valley Railroad 1904 1904 1913 (to Alabama, Tennessee and Northern Railway)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Interstate Commerce Commission, 41 Val. Rep. 139 (1932), Valuation Docket No. 400: St. Louis-San Francisco Railway Company et al. (unless otherwise noted, this is used as a reference for all facts)
  2. ^ a b Moody's Transportation Manual, 1988, p. xxv
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Moody's Transportation Manual, 1980, p. 788
  4. ^ a b c d Missouri University of Science and Technology, Guide to the Historical Records of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway Company, accessed September 2008
  5. ^ Handbook of Texas Online, Railroads, accessed September 2008
  6. ^ Handbook of Texas Online, Motley County Railway, accessed September 2008
  7. ^ Handbook of Texas Online, Frisco System, accessed September 2008
  8. ^ a b The Frisco Employes' Magazine, January 1926, p. 8
  9. ^ Interstate Commerce Commission, 119 I.C.C. 449 (1926), Valuation Docket No. 679: Gulf Ports Terminal Railway Company
  10. ^ Interstate Commerce Commission, 135 I.C.C. 327 (1927), Valuation Docket No. 976: Alabama, Tennessee & Northern Railway