Alabama, Tennessee and Northern Railroad
|Alabama, Tennessee & Northern Railroad|
|Dates of operation||1897–1971|
|Successor||St. Louis–San Francisco Railway|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) (standard gauge)|
|Length||224 miles (360 kilometres)|
The Carrollton Short Line Railway was chartered in 1897. By 1906, when its name was changed to Alabama, Tennessee and Northern Railroad (AT&N), it had built a line from Reform, Alabama through Carrollton to Aliceville and was pushing slowly down the western edge of Alabama toward the Gulf of Mexico. The company underwent foreclosure and reorganization in 1918, and by 1920 the railroad reached south to Calvert, Alabama, where the Southern Railway offered a connection to Mobile.
In 1928, AT&N completed its own line from Calvert to Mobile and that same year entered into an agreement with the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway (nicknamed "The Frisco") (which had just built a line from Aberdeen, Mississippi, to Pensacola, Florida, making a connection with the AT&N at Aliceville) for joint handling of through traffic between the Port of Mobile and points on the Frisco.
Burdened by the enormous volume of wartime traffic moving through the Port of Mobile, AT&N obtained War Production Board clearance for diesel locomotive purchases. Eleven ALCO RS-1s and two small General Electric switchers allowed the railroad to completely dieselize by 1946, one of the first railroads its size to do so. AT&N's finances were again reorganized in October 1944. On December 28, 1948, Frisco purchased 97.2% of AT&N's common stock (later increasing its holdings to 100%) and unified AT&N's operations with its own. The AT&N was officially merged with the Frisco on January 1, 1971. Frisco itself became part of Burlington Northern Railroad on September 21, 1980.
- Osborne, John. "Alabama, Tennessee & Northern Railroad". Railroad Yesterdays. Archived from the original on July 17, 2005. Retrieved December 30, 2005.
- Lutzenberger, Mike. "Alabama, Tennessee & Northern Railroad Company History". Frisco Railroad Library. Retrieved September 29, 2007.