Kara-Balta

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Kara-Balta
Кара-Балта
Flag of Kara-Balta
Official seal of Kara-Balta
Kara-Balta is located in Kyrgyzstan
Kara-Balta
Kara-Balta
Location in Kyrgyzstan
Coordinates: 42°50′N 73°51′E / 42.833°N 73.850°E / 42.833; 73.850
CountryFlag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan
RegionChüy Region
DistrictJayyl District
Elevation
789 m (2,588 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total48,278
Time zoneUTC+6
Websitewww.kara-balta.kg

Kara-Balta (lit. 'black ax', Russian and Kyrgyz: Кара-Балта) is a city and municipality on the Kara-Balta River, in Chüy Region, Kyrgyzstan, the capital of Jayyl District. It was founded in 1825 under the Kokand Khanate, and received city status in 1975 under the Soviets. Its population was 48,278 in 2021.[1]

Kara-Balta is located on the northern slopes of the Kyrgyz Ala-Too, in the western part of Chüy Region, 62 km (39 mi) west of the capital of Bishkek. The road continues west through Kaindy toward Taraz, Kazakhstan. Another road goes south through the Töö-Ashuu Pass and then splits, one branch going west to Talas Province and the other south and then east through the Suusamyr valley to Balykchy on Lake Issyk Kul. It has a temperate climate. The terrain is flat, with a slight slope downwards from the south to the north.

The Chüy Valley has been settled since the 5th century, but after an invasion by Genghis Khan the area was inhabited mostly by nomads and pastoralists. However, the settlement became a town and flourished under the Khanate of Kokand.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
197024,730—    
197946,970+7.39%
198953,887+1.38%
199947,159−1.32%
200937,834−2.18%
202148,278+2.05%
Note: resident population; Sources:[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Kara-Balta has a hot, dry-summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dsa). The average annual temperature is 9.7 °C (49.5 °F). The warmest month is July with an average temperature of 23.3 °C (73.9 °F) and the coolest month is January with an average temperature of -4.8 °C (23.4 °F). The average annual precipitation is 414.1mm (16.3") and has an average of 99.2 days with precipitation. The wettest month is April with an average of 60.9mm (2.4") of precipitation and the driest month is August with an average of 12.2mm (0.5") of precipitation.[3]

Climate data for Kara-Balta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.8
(23.4)
−3.6
(25.5)
3.6
(38.5)
11.4
(52.5)
16.2
(61.2)
20.8
(69.4)
23.3
(73.9)
21.6
(70.9)
16.5
(61.7)
9.7
(49.5)
3.2
(37.8)
−1.8
(28.8)
9.7
(49.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25.9
(1.02)
28.7
(1.13)
47.9
(1.89)
60.9
(2.40)
58.2
(2.29)
37.5
(1.48)
19.8
(0.78)
12.2
(0.48)
12.5
(0.49)
37
(1.5)
39.2
(1.54)
34.3
(1.35)
414.1
(16.30)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.1 9 11.3 11.1 11 8.5 6.2 4.5 4.1 7.1 8.8 8.5 99.2
Average relative humidity (%) 74.3 75.6 69.4 57.4 53.8 46.1 44.2 45.2 47.8 57.5 68 75.8 59.6
Source: "The Climate of Kara-Balta". Weatherbase. Retrieved 1 August 2014.

Economy[edit]

The major industry in Kara-Balta was the processing plant of the mining combine, Kara-Balta Ore Mining Combine (KBMP), the largest in Central Asia. During Soviet times, it processed uranium ore from deposits in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. After independence, the mines in Kyrgyzstan closed quickly; however, KBMP continued to process uranium concentrate from Kazakhstan until 2005 when this activity was stopped due to a lack of raw material. The massive uranium tailings remain a problem. KBMP still processes gold and molybdenum ores.

In February 2007, the Russian Renova Group won a tender to purchase the Kyrgyz government's 72.28% stake in the Kara-Balta uranium-production facility.

Transport[edit]

Highways[edit]

Kara-Balta is located along M41 on the route from Bishkek to Osh.[4][5] It is also connected by highway to Taraz, Kazakhstan.[4]

Rail[edit]

Kara-Balta is connected by rail to Bishkek and Taraz, Kazakhstan.[4]

Sports[edit]

During the Soviet period, the city had a good sport infrastructure.

The city has a bandy club.

Military[edit]

In the city the Russian military has a capacity.[6][7][clarification needed]

References[edit]

This article is based in part on material from the Russian Wikipedia.
  1. ^ a b "Population of regions, districts, towns, urban-type settlements, rural communities and villages of Kyrgyz Republic" (XLS) (in Russian). National Statistics Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. 2021. Archived from the original on 10 November 2021.
  2. ^ "2009 population and housing census of the Kyrgyz Republic: Chüy Region" (PDF) (in Russian). National Statistics Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. 2010. p. 235.
  3. ^ "Weatherbase". weatherbase.com. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  4. ^ a b c "Kyrgyzstan Transportation Map". lib.utexas.edu/. University of Texas. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  5. ^ "Google Maps". maps.google.com. Google Maps. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  6. ^ http://de.rian.ru/security_and_military/20100914/257274557.html[dead link]
  7. ^ "Kyrgyzstan wants Russian arms in exchange for military base - paper". 14 September 2010.

Coordinates: 42°50′N 73°51′E / 42.833°N 73.850°E / 42.833; 73.850