Kasa (hat)

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This display case at Gifu Castle shows many kasa of the type known as jingasa.

A kasa () is any one of several sorts of traditional Japanese hats.[1] Some types are amigasa, jingasa, sandogasa, sugegasa, and takuhatsugasa. Note that rendaku ("sequential voicing") causes kasa to change to gasa when it is preceded by another word specifying the type of hat: thus, jingasa ("camp hat"; helmet).

An amigasa is a straw hat of the type traditionally worn in some Japanese folk dances. Another kind of kasa, the woven rice-straw takuhatsugasa worn by mendicant Buddhist monks, is made overlarge and in a bowl or mushroom shape. Unlike a rice farmer's hat, it does not come to a point, nor does it ride high on the head like a samurai's traveling hat. It is simply a big hat that covers the upper half to two thirds of the face, thereby helping to mask the identity of the monk and allowing him to travel undistracted by sights around him on his journey.

The samurai class in feudal Japan, as well as their retainers and footsoldiers (ashigaru), used several types of jingasa made from iron, copper, wood, paper, bamboo, or leather.[2][3]

Kasa shares its etymology with the Japanese word for "umbrella" (which is also pronounced "kasa", but written 傘).

Types[edit]

Antique Japanese samurai leather jingasa (war hat) in the nirayama style.

Here is a list of several types of kasa:

  • Ajirogasa
  • Amigasa
  • Fukaamigasa
  • Jingasa ("war hat", a type of kasa commonly
    worn by samurai and ashigaru)
  • Roningasa
  • Sandogasa
  • Sugegasa (see Conical Asian hat)
  • Takuhatsugasa
  • Tengai (see Komusō Monk)
  • Torioigasa
  • Yagyūgasa

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]