29 July 1915
|Died||19 October 2001 (aged 86)|
Brighton, Sussex, England
|Other names||Edward Lane|
|Occupation(s)||Journalist, writer, novelist, biographer|
Kathleen Elsie "Kay" Dick (29 July 1915 – 19 October 2001) was an English journalist, writer, novelist and autobiographer, who sometimes wrote under the name Edward Lane and Jeremy Scott. She was called "the first woman director in English publishing" and she is celebated for her dystopian "lost" novel, They.
Dick was born Kathleen Elsie at Queen Charlotte's Hospital, London; her father was never known. She was raised in Switzerland by her mother, Kate Frances Dick, being educated in Geneva, as well as at the Lycée Français in London. Her mother married a man named Paul Erick Dick when she was seven and he adopted her and she took his surname. In early life, Kay Dick worked at Foyle's bookshop in London's Charing Cross Road and, at 26, became the first woman director in English publishing at P.S. King & Son. She later became a journalist, working at the New Statesman. For many years, she edited the literary magazine The Windmill, under the pen name Edward Lane.
Dick wrote five novels between 1949 and 1962, including the famous An Affair of Love (1953) and Solitaire (1958). She also wrote literary biography, researching the lives of Colette and Carlyle. In 1960 she published Pierrot, about the commedia dell'arte.
Dick was a regular reviewer for The Times, The Spectator and Punch, but the work dropped off as she failed to meet deadlines. Dick also edited several anthologies of stories and interviews with writers, including Ivy and Stevie (1971) and Friends and Friendship (1974). She was known for campaigning tirelessly and successfully for the introduction of the Public Lending Right, which pays royalties to authors when their books are borrowed from public libraries.
In 1977, Dick published They, a series of dream sequences that won the South-East Arts literature prize, and was described in The Paris Review in 2020 as "a lost dystopian masterpiece". It had remained out of print due to poor sales and Dick experiencing harsh and sexist reviews in the press at the time of the award win. They was re-discovered by chance in an Oxfam charity bookshop in Bath, Somerset, in the summer of 2020 by a literary agent. It was then acquired by Faber and Faber for re-release on 3 February 2022 in the United Kingdom and MacNally Editions in the United States. In 1984 she followed the publication of They with an acclaimed autobiographical novel, The Shelf, in which she examined a lesbian affair.
Dick's dystopian novel They was "rediscovered" in 2022 and it was celebrated with an event at the British Library as part of LGBT History Month. She was credited as "the first woman director in English publishing".
- By The Lake (1949)
- Young Man (1951)
- An Affair of Love (1953)
- Solitaire (1958)
- Pierrot (1960)
- Sunday (1962)
- Ivy & Stevie (1971), about Ivy Compton-Burnett and Stevie Smith
- Friends & Friendship (1974)
- They (1977)
- The Shelf (1984)
- De-la-Noy, Michael (24 October 2001), "Kay Dick" (obituary), The Guardian.
- Matthew, H. C. G.; Harrison, B., eds. (23 September 2004). "Dick, Kathleen Elsie [Kay]". The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. ref:odnb/76365. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/76365. Retrieved 1 December 2022.
- "RSL Vital Discussions Remembering Kay Dick". The British Library. Retrieved 1 December 2022.
- Hall, Duncan (21 November 2014), "Writer Graham Duff on Kay Dick's work of science fiction", The Argus.
- Scholes, Lucy (13 August 2020). "A Lost Dystopian Masterpiece". The Paris Review. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
- Michael De-la-Noy, "Kay Dick" (obituary), The Guardian, 24 October 2001. Michael Ratcliffe, Roy Greenslade, "Letters", The Guardian, 25 October 2001.
- Kay Dick's executors' website
- Kay Dick photograph by John Vere Brown, National Portrait Gallery, London.
- Kay Dick at Library of Congress, with 14 library catalogue records
- Jeremy Scott at LC Authorities, with 3 records, and at WorldCat
- "Kay Dick: A Preliminary Inventory of an Addition to Her Papers at the Harry Ransom Center"