Kenneth Bowman Watson

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Kenneth Bowman Watson
Born 5 June 1897
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Died 5 March 1960(1960-03-05) (aged 62)
Allegiance Canada
Service/branch Aviation
Years of service 1917–1919
Rank Lieutenant
Unit No. 70 Squadron RAF
Awards Distinguished Flying Cross

Lieutenant Kenneth Bowman Watson was a Canadian World War I flying ace. He was credited with nine aerial victories. On 9 October 1918, he achieved the extraordinary feat of capturing two enemy airplanes during a dogfight.

Personal life[edit]

Kenneth Bowman Watson was born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada on 5 June 1897. He died on 5 March 1960.[1] Watson is buried in Bethesda Lutheran Cemetery, Markham, Ontario, Canada. His wife, Hilda V. Darby Watson, is buried there with him.[2]

World War I[edit]

Watson underwent his aviation training while still in Canada. He was posted overseas to France in 1917.[3] On 13 August 1917, Watson was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Royal Flying Corps.[4] He trained as a fighter pilot and was initially assigned to No. 28 Squadron in Italy. However, Watson would not achieve his first aerial success until after his transfer to No. 70 Squadron in France. After becoming an ace on 8 October, he scored two victories the following day. In an extraordinary feat, he singlehandedly drove down a Fokker D.VII and its German pilot into captivity and simultaneously cooperated with four other British pilots in a second capture of a D.VII and pilot.[5] Watson earned the Distinguished Flying Cross for his valor, though not for the twin captivities. The DFC would not be promulgated until after war's end.

List of aerial victories[edit]

See also Aerial victory standards of World War I

No. Date/time Aircraft Foe Result Location Notes
1 31 May 1918 @ 1750 hours Sopwith Camel serial number C8218 Albatros D.V Destroyed Southeast of Bapaume
2 29 June 1918 @ 0920 hours Sopwith Camel s/n C8218 Albatros D.V Driven down out of control Iries
3 4 September 1918 @ 1815 hours Sopwith Camel s/n E7173 Fokker D.VII Set afire; destroyed Escaillon
4 29 September 1918 @ 1140 hours Sopwith Camel s/n E7173 Fokker D.VII Destroyed Oostnieuwkerke
5 8 October 1918 @ 1750 hours Sopwith Camel s/n E7173 German reconnaissance plane Destroyed East of Menen
6 9 October 1918 @ 0945 hours Sopwith Camel s/n E7173 Fokker D.VII Captured South of Roulers
7 9 October 1918 @ 0945 hours Sopwith Camel s/n E7173 Fokker D.VII Captured West of Mayerneine Victory shared with Oscar Heron, three other pilots
8 28 October 1918 @ 1145 hours Sopwith Camel s/n E7173 Fokker D.VII Destroyed Bois du Biez
9 4 November 1918 @ 1145 hours Sopwith Camel s/n E7173 Fokker D.VII Destroyed Southwest of Renaix No. 70 Squadron's final victory for the war[6][7]

Post World War I[edit]

Watson's Distinguished Flying Cross was gazetted on 8 February 1919:

"On 28th October, when on offensive patrol, this officer took part in an engagement between six of our machines and twenty-two Fokkers. In the combat that ensued four of the latter were destroyed, Lieut. Watson accounting for one. In addition to the foregoing he has four other machines to his credit."[8]

On 12 July 1919 Kenneth Bowman Watson transferred to the unemployed list of the Royal Air Force[9] and vanished into obscurity for the remainder of his life.

References[edit]

  • Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920 Christopher F. Shores, Norman L. R. Franks, Russell Guest. Grub Street, 1990. ISBN 0-948817-19-4, ISBN 978-0-948817-19-9.

Endnotes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/watson3.php Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  2. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=51468189 Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  3. ^ Above the Trenches, p. 377.
  4. ^ (Supplement to the London Gazette, 30 October 1917, p. 11130.) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30357/supplements/11130/page.pdf Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  5. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/watson3.php Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  6. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/watson3.php Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  7. ^ Above the Trenches, p. 377.
  8. ^ (Supplement to the London Gazette, 8 February 1919, p. 2048.) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/31170/pages/2048 Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  9. ^ (The London Gazette, 18 July 1919, p. 9140.) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/31463/pages/9137 Retrieved 28 September 2011.