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|Khalkhyn Gol (Халхын гол)|
|Khalkh River, Khalkha River|
|- elevation||1,443 m (4,734 ft)|
|- elevation||583.1 m (1,913 ft)|
|Length||233 km (145 mi)|
|Basin||17,000 km2 (6,564 sq mi)|
|- average||25 m3/s (883 cu ft/s)|
The Khalkh River (also spelled as Khalkha River; Mongolian: Халх гол; Chinese: 哈拉哈河; pinyin: Hālāhā Hé) is a river in eastern Mongolia and northern China's Inner Mongolia region. The river is also referred to with the genitive suffix -iin as the Khalkhyn Gol or River of Khalkh
The river's source is in the Greater Khingan mountains of Inner Mongolia. In its lower course, around , the river splits into two distributaries. The left branch (the Halh River proper) flows into the Buir Lake at ; it then flows from that lake at ) as the Orchun Gol (Chinese: 乌尔逊河; pinyin: Wūěrxùn Hé). The right branch, known as the Shariljiin Gol (Mongolian: Шарилжийн гол) flows directly into the Orchun Gol at .
From May–September 1939, the river was the site of the Battles of Khalkhin Gol, the decisive engagement of the Soviet-Japanese border conflicts. Soviet and Mongolian forces defeated the Japanese Kwantung Army.
- Werner Elstner: Mongolei, S.16. Berlin 1993
- Amelie Schenk, Galsan Tschinag, Udo Haase: Mongolei, Seite 24
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