Khalkhyn Gol

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Khalkyn Gol (Халхин-Гол) in Amur river basin
Khalkhyn Gol (Халхын гол)
Khalkh River, Khalkha River
Country Mongolia
Mongolian Aimag Dornod
Region Mongolia
District Dornod
 - elevation 1,443 m (4,734 ft)
 - coordinates 47°04′51″N 120°29′16″E / 47.08083°N 120.48778°E / 47.08083; 120.48778
Mouth Buir Lake
 - elevation 583.1 m (1,913 ft)
 - coordinates 47°53′44″N 117°50′08″E / 47.89556°N 117.83556°E / 47.89556; 117.83556Coordinates: 47°53′44″N 117°50′08″E / 47.89556°N 117.83556°E / 47.89556; 117.83556
Length 233 km (145 mi)
Basin 17,000 km2 (6,564 sq mi)
 - average 25 m3/s (883 cu ft/s)

The Khalkh River (also spelled as Khalkha River; Mongolian: Халх гол; Chinese: 哈拉哈河; pinyin: Hālāhā Hé) is a river in eastern Mongolia[1] and northern China's Inner Mongolia region. The river is also referred to with the genitive suffix -iin as the Khalkhyn Gol or River of Khalkh

The river's source is in the Greater Khingan mountains of Inner Mongolia. In its lower course, around 48°01′59″N 118°08′03″E / 48.033179°N 118.134290°E / 48.033179; 118.134290, the river splits into two distributaries. The left branch (the Halh River proper) flows into the Buir Lake at 47°53′44″N 117°50′08″E / 47.895556°N 117.835556°E / 47.895556; 117.835556; it then flows from that lake at 47°57′00″N 117°48′51″E / 47.950011°N 117.814270°E / 47.950011; 117.814270) as the Orchun Gol (Chinese: 乌尔逊河; pinyin: Wūěrxùn Hé). The right branch, known as the Shariljiin Gol (Mongolian: Шарилжийн гол) flows directly into the Orchun Gol at 48°04′12″N 117°45′20″E / 48.069891°N 117.755433°E / 48.069891; 117.755433.

From May–September 1939, the river was the site of the Battles of Khalkhin Gol, the decisive engagement of the Soviet-Japanese border conflicts. Soviet and Mongolian forces defeated the Japanese Kwantung Army.[2]


  1. ^ Werner Elstner: Mongolei, S.16. Berlin 1993
  2. ^ Amelie Schenk, Galsan Tschinag, Udo Haase: Mongolei, Seite 24