Kilchis River

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Kilchis River
Lower Kilchis River.jpg
Lower Kilchis River near Idaville
Country United States
State Oregon
County Tillamook County
Source Northern Oregon Coast Range
 - location East of Tillamook
 - elevation 305 ft (93 m) [1]
 - coordinates 45°36′15″N 123°45′14″W / 45.60417°N 123.75389°W / 45.60417; -123.75389 [2]
Mouth Tillamook Bay
 - elevation 13 ft (4 m) [2]
 - coordinates 45°29′46″N 123°51′53″W / 45.49611°N 123.86472°W / 45.49611; -123.86472Coordinates: 45°29′46″N 123°51′53″W / 45.49611°N 123.86472°W / 45.49611; -123.86472 [2]
Length 14 mi (23 km) [3]
Basin 65 sq mi (168 km2) [4]
Discharge
 - average 422 cu ft/s (12 m3/s) [5]
Location of the mouth of the Kilchis River in Oregon

The Kilchis River is a stream, about 14 miles (23 km) long, near the coast of northwest Oregon in the United States. It drains a mountainous timbered region of about 65 square miles (170 km2) in the Northern Oregon Coast Range west of Portland.[3][6]

The Kilchis River begins at the confluence of its North Fork and South Fork in northern Tillamook County in the Tillamook State Forest northeast of Bay City. It flows southwest, entering the southeast end of Tillamook Bay approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) northwest of the city of Tillamook. The mouth of the river is about 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the mouth of the Wilson River and about 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the mouth of the Trask River. It is one of five rivers—the Tillamook, the Trask, the Wilson, the Kilchis, and the Miami—that flow into the bay.[3][6][7]

The river has good runs of steelhead and fall Chinook salmon. Because much of the land along the lower stretches is private, fishing is often done by drift boat launched from boat ramps at Kilchis County Park, County Park, and Mapes Creek. Anglers may also fish from stream banks on public land in the Tillamook State Forest.[8]

Course[edit]

Starting at the confluence of the North Fork Kilchis River and the South Fork Kilchis River, the river flows generally southwest through the Tillamook State Forest near Kilchis River Road. Sharp Creek enters from the right at about 9 miles (14 km) from the mouth and just upstream of Kilchis River County Park, which is on the right. Shortly thereafter, School Creek and Washout Creek enters from the right and Little South Fork Kilchis River from the left. Below this, the river receives Clear Creek from the left at about river mile (RM) 6 or river kilometer (RK) 9.7. Thereafter, Myrtle Creek and Murphy Creek enter from the right, and the river passes under U.S. Route 101 before entering Tillamook Bay near Idaville.[3][6]

Reserve[edit]

The Tillamook County Pioneer Museum owns Kilchis Point Reserve, about 200 acres (81 ha) of land along Tillamook Bay. The reserve has about 2 miles (3 km) of interpretive trails related to the site's Native American and pioneer heritage as well as its flora and fauna. The largest Native American village on the North Oregon Coast was located here as was the home of the first white settler, Joe Champion, who arrived in 1851.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Source elevation derived from Google Earth search using GNIS source coordinates.
  2. ^ a b c "Kilchis River". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved November 24, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c d United States Geological Survey. "United States Geological Survey Topographic Map: Kilchis River and Tillamook quadrants". TopoQuest. Retrieved November 24, 2009.  The maps include river mile (RM) markers from the river's mouth to its source.
  4. ^ "Kilchis River Basin". Tillamook Bay Watershed Council. Retrieved November 24, 2009. 
  5. ^ Palmer, Tim (2014). Field Guide to Oregon Rivers. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press. pp. 84–85. ISBN 978-0-87071-627-0. 
  6. ^ a b c Oregon Atlas and Gazetteer (Map) (2008 ed.). DeLorme Mapping. §§ 20 and 26. ISBN 978-0-89933-347-2. 
  7. ^ "Five Rivers". Tillamook Bay Watershed Council. Retrieved November 24, 2009. 
  8. ^ Yuskavitch, Jim (2008). Fishing Oregon: An Angler's Guide to Oregon (Google books online reprint) (2nd ed.). Guilford, Connecticut: The Lyons Press. pp. 42–44. ISBN 978-0-7627-4145-8. Retrieved November 24, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Kilchis Point". Tillamook County Pioneer Museum. 2014. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 

External links[edit]