Wilson River (Oregon)
|Source||Northern Oregon Coast Range|
|- location||East of Tillamook|
|- elevation||871 ft (265 m)|
|0 ft (0 m)|
|Length||33 mi (53 km)|
|Basin size||194 sq mi (500 km2)|
|- average||1,177 cu ft/s (33.3 m3/s)|
|- minimum||32 cu ft/s (0.91 m3/s)|
|- maximum||38,600 cu ft/s (1,090 m3/s)|
The Wilson River, about 33 miles (53 km) long, flows from the Northern Oregon Coast Range to Tillamook Bay in the U.S. state of Oregon. Formed by the confluence of its Devil's Lake Fork and its South Fork, it runs generally west through the Tillamook State Forest to its mouth near the city of Tillamook. It is one of five rivers—the Tillamook, the Trask, the Wilson, the Kilchis, and the Miami—that flow into the bay.
The river rises in the Tillamook State Forest in the mountains of northeastern Tillamook County. The river's North Fork rises in northern Tillamook County and flows south. Its South Fork rises in eastern Tillamook County and western Washington County and flows west to merge with Devils Lake Fork. Further downstream, the Wilson River receives the North Fork near Lees Camp. It then flows southwest to Tillamook, entering the southeast end of Tillamook Bay about 3 miles (5 km) northwest of the city. The mouth of the river is about 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the mouth of the Trask River and slightly south of the mouth of the Kilchis River. Oregon Route 6, also known as the Wilson River Highway, runs parallel to the river and links the Tualatin Valley and the Portland metropolitan area with the Oregon Coast.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) monitors the flow of the Wilson River at a stream gauge 9.3 miles (15.0 km) from the mouth of the river. The average flow at this gauge is 1,177 cubic feet per second (33.3 m3/s). This is from a drainage area of 161 square miles (417 km2), about 83 percent of the total Wilson River watershed. The maximum flow recorded there was 38,600 cubic feet per second (1,090 m3/s) on November 6, 2006, and the minimum flow was 32 cubic feet per second (0.91 m3/s) on September 5, 1973, although it might have been less for a short while after a landslide on January 31, 1965.
According to Fishing Oregon: An Angler's Guide to Oregon, the Wilson River is "one of the state's best steelhead and Chinook salmon fisheries". Spring Chinook average about 20 pounds (9.1 kg), fall Chinook from 25 to 28 pounds (11 to 13 kg), and Steelhead from 10 to 12 pounds (4.5 to 5.4 kg). County-owned boat launches on the lower reaches and public access via Route 6 through the Tillamook State Forest make the river easily accessible to anglers. State regulations govern the seasons and methods of fishing.
- "Wilson River". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved November 14, 2009.
- Source elevation derived from Google Earth search using GNIS source coordinates.
- United States Geological Survey. "United States Geological Survey Topographic Map: Woods Point, Jordan Creek, Trask, The Peninsula, and Tillamook quadrants". TopoQuest. Retrieved November 14, 2009. The maps include river mile (RM) markers from the river's mouth to its source near Elk Creek Campground.
- "USGS Water Data Report 2008: 14301500 Wilson River near Tillamook, OR" (PDF). United States Geological Survey. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
- "Wilson River Basin". Tillamook Bay Watershed Council. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
- Oregon Atlas and Gazetteer (Map) (2008 ed.). DeLorme Mapping. §§ 20, 21, and 26. ISBN 978-0-89933-347-2.
- "Five Rivers". Tillamook Bay Watershed Council. Retrieved November 14, 2009.
- "South Fork Wilson River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 1980-11-28. Retrieved 2010-03-24.
- Yuskavitch, Jim (2008). Fishing Oregon: An Angler's Guide to Oregon (Google books online reprint) (2nd ed.). Guilford, Connecticut: The Lyons Press. pp. 44–45. ISBN 978-0-7627-4145-8. Retrieved November 14, 2009.