Kilnaruane Pillar Stone
|Kilnaruane Pillar Stone|
Native name |
Irish: Cill na Rómhán
|Bantry Pillar Stone, St. Brendan's Stone|
View of northwest face
|Type||high cross remnant|
County Cork, Ireland
|Height||2.13 m (7 ft)|
|Built||8th century AD|
|Official name: Kilnaruane/Bantry Pillar Stone Shaft of High Cross|
The pillar was erected in the 8th or 9th century AD. The name may refer to "Church of the Romans", and a community which accepted the Roman dating of Easter, a major controversy in the early Middle Ages.
On the northeast face:
- Celtic knot
- an orans (praying figure)
- Greek cross
- Saints Anthony the Great and Paul the Hermit meeting in the desert: both were important figures in Christian monasticism. A raven flies down from heaven with a loaf of bread to feed them
On the southwest face
- Celtic knot
- Two pairs of sheep/goats with interlocked horns — this is now the symbol of the Sheep's Head peninsula
- a currach boat with four oarsmen and one figure steering the rowers through a sea of crosses. This could be Brendan or Cessair.
- Day, Catharina (1 January 2007). "Southwest Ireland". New Holland Publishers.
- Johnstone, Paul (12 November 2013). "The Sea-Craft of Prehistory". Routledge.
- Map, The Megalithic Portal and Megalith. "St Brendan's Stone (Kilnaruane)". megalithic.co.uk.
- "The Kilnaruane Pillar Stone, Bantry, Ireland - BMD Notices".
- "Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society". The Society. 1 January 1978 – via Google Books.
- "Kilnaruane Stone - Museums and attractions - Bantry". ireland.com.
- "Some Spared Stones of Ireland". irishmegaliths.org.uk.
- McLaughlin, Barney. "Cork Cross - Irish High Crosses". irishhighcrosses.com.
- McNally, Kenneth (2006). Ireland's Ancient Stones - A Megalithic Heritage. Appleby Press. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
- "Kilnaruane stone - Sheep's Head Places". sheepsheadplaces.net.
- "Kilnaruane Carved Pillar". irishantiquities.bravehost.com. Retrieved 10 June 2018.