Kilnaruane Pillar Stone

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Kilnaruane Pillar Stone
Native name
Irish: Cill na Rómhán
Bantry Pillar Stone, St. Brendan's Stone
Kilnaruane Shaft NW Face 2009 09 11.jpg
View of northwest face
Typehigh cross remnant
LocationKilnaruane, Bantry,
County Cork, Ireland
Coordinates51°40′17″N 9°28′05″W / 51.671382°N 9.468068°W / 51.671382; -9.468068Coordinates: 51°40′17″N 9°28′05″W / 51.671382°N 9.468068°W / 51.671382; -9.468068
Height2.13 m (7 ft)
Built8th century AD
Kilnaruane Pillar Stone is located in Ireland
Kilnaruane Pillar Stone
Location of Kilnaruane Pillar Stone in Ireland
Official nameKilnaruane/Bantry Pillar Stone
Reference no.436[1]

The Kilnaruane Pillar Stone is a carved monolith and National Monument located in County Cork, Ireland.[2]

Location[edit]

Kilnaruane Pillar Stone is located about 1.6 km (1 mile) southwest of Bantry, atop a drumlin, in a square enclosure in a field.[3]

History[edit]

A monastery may have been founded here by Brendan in the 6th century AD.[4]

The pillar was erected in the 8th or 9th century AD. The name may refer to "Church of the Romans", and a community which accepted the Roman dating of Easter, a major controversy in the early Middle Ages.[5][6]

The monastic settlement on the site may have been destroyed by a Viking attack.[7]

Description[edit]

The stone is a thin schist pillar 2.1 m tall.[8]

On the northeast face:

Skin-boat carved on the SW face.

On the southwest face

Mortises on either side of the pillar were probably for attaching arms of the cross.[10] Nearby are stone fragments, possibly a bullaun or the arms of the high cross.[11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Monuments of County Cork in State Care" (PDF). heritageireland.ie. National Monument Service. p. 4. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  2. ^ Day, Catharina (1 January 2007). Southwest Ireland. New Holland Publishers. ISBN 9781860113628.
  3. ^ Johnstone, Paul (12 November 2013). The Sea-Craft of Prehistory. Routledge. ISBN 9781317762225.
  4. ^ The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map. "St Brendan's Stone (Kilnaruane)". megalithic.co.uk.
  5. ^ "The Kilnaruane Pillar Stone, Bantry, Ireland - BMD Notices".
  6. ^ "Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society". The Society. 1 January 1978 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "Kilnaruane Stone - Museums and attractions - Bantry". ireland.com.
  8. ^ "Some Spared Stones of Ireland". irishmegaliths.org.uk.
  9. ^ McLaughlin, Barney. "Cork Cross - Irish High Crosses". irishhighcrosses.com.
  10. ^ McNally, Kenneth (2006). Ireland's Ancient Stones - A Megalithic Heritage. Appleby Press. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  11. ^ "Kilnaruane stone - Sheep's Head Places". sheepsheadplaces.net.
  12. ^ "Kilnaruane Carved Pillar". irishantiquities.bravehost.com. Retrieved 10 June 2018.