Kinesiophobia

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Kinesiophobia is the fear of pain due to movement.

It is a term used in the context of rehabilitation medicine and physical therapy. Kinesiophobia is a factor that hinders rehabilitation and actually prolongs disability and pain.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

Kinesiophobia can be a factor in increased time to return to participation in pre-injury activities. It has been shown that higher levels of kinesiophobia are linked to a lack of re-entry into pre-injury activities.[8]

Research has been conducted to explore the level of association between kinesiophobia and pain in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP). The evidence this study presents reveals that there is a connection between a greater degree of kinesiophobia and greater levels of pain intensity. The study has also found moderate evidence between a greater level of kinesiophobia and higher levels of pain severity and quality of life among CMP sufferers.These results suggest that clinicians should consider kinesiophobia as an important factor in their preliminary assessment of CMP patients [9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vincent HK, et al. Outpatient rehabilitation outcomes in obese patients with orthopedic conditions. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2013 Jun;49(3):419-29. Review. PMID 23736903 Free full text
  2. ^ Czuppon S, et al Variables associated with return to sport following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 2014 Mar;48(5):356-64. Review. PMID 24124040 free full text
  3. ^ Flanigan DC, et al. Psychological Factors Affecting Rehabilitation and Outcomes Following Elective Orthopaedic Surgery. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2015 Sep;23(9):563-70. Review. PMID 26195567
  4. ^ Monticone M, et al. Cognitive-behavioural treatment for subacute and chronic neck pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 May 26;(5):CD010664. Review. PMID 26006174
  5. ^ Zdziarski LA, et al Chronic pain management in the obese patient: a focused review of key challenges and potential exercise solutions. J Pain Res. 2015 Feb 9;8:63-77. Review. PMID 25709495 Free full text
  6. ^ Smith BE, et al An update of stabilisation exercises for low back pain: a systematic review with meta-analysis. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2014 Dec 9;15:416. Review. PMID 25488399 free full text
  7. ^ Urquhart DM, et al. Are cognitive and behavioural factors associated with knee pain? A systematic review. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2015 Feb;44(4):445-55. Review. PMID 25151034
  8. ^ Flanigan, David C.; Everhart, Joshua S.; Pedroza, Angela; Smith, Tyler; Kaeding, Christopher C. (August 2013). "Fear of reinjury (kinesiophobia) and persisten knee symptoms are common factors for lack of return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction". The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery. 29 (8): 1322–1329. doi:10.1016/j.arthro.2013.05.015. PMID 23906272. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
  9. ^ Falla, Deborah; Martinez-Calderon, Javier; Luque-Suarez, Alejandro (2019-05-01). "Role of kinesiophobia on pain, disability and quality of life in people suffering from chronic musculoskeletal pain: a systematic review". British Journal of Sports Medicine. 53 (9): 554–559. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2017-098673. ISSN 0306-3674. PMID 29666064.