King's ban

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The king's ban (German: Königsbann, Latin: bannus, more rarely bannum, from the OHG: ban) was the exercise of royal jurisdiction by a king in the Middle Ages, especially in the Holy Roman Empire.

A specific ban (German: Bann) identified:

  • the actual order or prohibition
  • the penalties for contravening the ban
  • the region to which the ban applied

The king's ban in the legal history of the Holy Roman Empire was divided into several distinct types depending on their function:

  • Heerbann, the right to raise an army,
  • Blutbann (blood courts; high jurisdiction which included capital punishment),
  • Friedensbann (special royal protection of people and property),
  • Verordnungsbann (the authority to decide legal standards) and
  • Verwaltungsbann (the force to be used).

The king used a so-called Bannleihe ("ban investiture") to transfer (invest) the ban, especially the Blutbann, to counts or advocates to exercise.

See also[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Mittellateinisches Wörterbuch, I 1967, Sp. 1341 - 1348 s.v. bannus
  • Heinrich Mitteis; Heinz Lieberich, Deutsche Rechtsgeschichte. Ein Studienbuch. Munich, 1974 u.ö.

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