Distinct features are a long bill with a slight downward curve, with adults being brown on the back and rusty-brown on the face and breast with a dark brown cap. They also have a white throat and a light belly with barred flanks. Immature birds are covered in down, with light brown on the head and darker brown on the back and wings.
|length||15.5–19 in (390–480 mm)|
|weight||290 g (10 oz)|
|wingspan||19 in (480 mm)|
|wing||159–177 mm (6.3–7.0 in)|
|tail||56–72.5 mm (2.20–2.85 in)|
|culmen||58–65.5 mm (2.28–2.58 in)|
|tarsus||52–64 mm (2.0–2.5 in)|
Distribution and Habitat
This bird breeds in marshes in eastern North America. Birds along the southeastern coasts of the United States are permanent residents. Other birds migrate to the southern United States and Mexico; in Canada, they are found in southern Ontario. An adult King Rail will molt completely after nesting and it becomes flightless for almost a month.
The king rail lays a clutch of 6 to 14 pale buff eggs with brown spotting. They usually measure 41 by 30 millimetres (1.6 by 1.2 in). Both parents incubate the eggs for 21 to 23 days. When the eggs hatch, the young are covered in down and are able to leave the nest. They are not, although, able to feed themselves, and thus must rely on their parents for food for up to six weeks after they hatch.
The chicks are fed small arthropod prey by their parents. The prey is transferred from one parent's beak to that of the chick.
In the males, they will give food to whoever it mates with during engagement.
- BirdLife International (2014). "Rallus elegans". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
- Hauber, Mark E. (1 August 2014). The Book of Eggs: A Life-Size Guide to the Eggs of Six Hundred of the World's Bird Species. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-226-05781-1.
- Garrido, Orlando H.; Kirkconnell, Arturo (2000). Field Guide to the Birds of Cuba. Ithaca, NY: Comstock, Cornell University Press. pp. 76–77. ISBN 978-0-8014-8631-9.
- Godfrey, W. Earl (1966). The Birds of Canada. Ottawa: National Museum of Canada. p. 122.
- Sibley, David Allen (2000). The Sibley Guide to Birds. New York: Knopf. p. 153. ISBN 0-679-45122-6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rallus elegans.|
|Wikispecies has information related to Rallus elegans|
- BirdLife species factsheet for Rallus elegans
- "Rallus elegans". Avibase.
- "King rail media". Internet Bird Collection.
- King rail photo gallery at VIREO (Drexel University)
- King rail species account at NeotropicalBirds (Cornell University)
- Interactive range map of Rallus elegans at IUCN Red List maps
- Audio recordings of King rail on Xeno-canto.