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Kinza (金座) was the Tokugawa shogunate's officially sanctioned gold monopoly or gold guild (za)[1] which was created in 1595.[2] Initially, the Tokugawa shogunate was interested in assuring a consistent value in minted gold coins; and this led to the perceived need for attending to the supply of gold.

This bakufu title identifies a regulatory agency with responsibility for supervising the minting of gold coins and for superintending all gold mines, gold mining and gold-extraction activities in Japan.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jansen, Marius. (1995). Warrior Rule in Japan, p. 186, p. 186, at Google Books, citing John Whitney Hall. (1955). Tanuma Okitsugu: Forerunner of Modern Japan.
  2. ^ Schaede, Ulrike. (2000). Cooperative Capitalism: Self-Regulation, Trade Associations, and the Antimonopoly Law in Japan, p. 223.
  3. ^ Hall, John Wesley. (1955) Tanuma Okitsugu: Forerunner of Modern Japan, p. 201.