Kinza (金座) was the Tokugawa shogunate's officially sanctioned gold monopoly or gold guild (za) which was created in 1595. Initially, the Tokugawa shogunate was interested in assuring a consistent value in minted gold coins; and this led to the perceived need for attending to the supply of gold.
This bakufu title identifies a regulatory agency with responsibility for supervising the minting of gold coins and for superintending all gold mines, gold mining and gold-extraction activities in Japan.
- Ginza – Silver za (monopoly office or guild).
- Dōza – Copper za (monopoly office or guild).
- Shuza – Cinnabar za (monopoly office or guild)
- Jansen, Marius. (1995). Warrior Rule in Japan, p. 186, p. 186, at Google Books, citing John Whitney Hall. (1955). Tanuma Okitsugu: Forerunner of Modern Japan.
- Schaede, Ulrike. (2000). Cooperative Capitalism: Self-Regulation, Trade Associations, and the Antimonopoly Law in Japan, p. 223.
- Hall, John Wesley. (1955) Tanuma Okitsugu: Forerunner of Modern Japan, p. 201.
- Hall, John W. (1955). Tanuma Okitsugu, 1719–1788: Forerunner of Modern Japan. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. OCLC 445621
- Jansen, Marius B. (1995). Warrior Rule in Japan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521482394; OCLC 422791897
- Schaede, Ulrike. (2000). Cooperative Capitalism: Self-Regulation, Trade Associations, and the Antimonopoly Law in Japan. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198297185; OCLC 505758165
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