This office was created in 1842, and it was held by two fudai daimyō who were appointed concurrently. At any given time, one would normally be in residence at Shimoda, and the other would be in Edo as part of an alternating pattern. Conventional interpretations have construed these Japanese titles as "commissioner" or "overseer" or "governor."
The numbers of men holding the title concurrently would vary over time, fluctuating from as few as five in number in 1859 to as many as nine at one time.
List of Shimoda bugyō
- Beasley, William G. (1955). Select Documents on Japanese Foreign Policy, 1853-1868, p. 329.
- Beasley, p. 341.
- Beasley, p. 334.
- Beasley, p. 333.
- Beasley, William G. (1955). Select Documents on Japanese Foreign Policy, 1853-1868. London: Oxford University Press. [reprinted by RoutledgeCurzon, London, 2001. ISBN 978-0-19-713508-2 (cloth)]
Tokugawa bureaucracy organization chart
This bureaucracy evolved in an ad hoc manner, responding to perceived needs.
|This Japanese history–related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|