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Koellensteinia kellneriana (Orchidaceae).jpg
Koellensteinia kellneriana, Canaima
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Cymbidieae
Subtribe: Zygopetalinae
Genus: Koellensteinia
Type species
Koellensteinia kellneriana

Koellensteinia is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It is named by Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach for the Captain Frédéric baron of Kellner von Koellenstein (fl. 1850s), an Austrian military officer and a friend of Reichenbach.[1]

Distribution and ecology[edit]

The genus contains about 19 species native to South America, Belize, Trinidad and Puerto Rico.[2] Terrestrial or epiphytic plants found in low to mid elevation, hill and mountain forests.


Related to Zygopetalum. Stems short, leafy, usually forming pseudobulbs, 1- to 3-leaved. Leaves petiolate, linear to oblong, narrow, pleated, lightly veined. Inflorescence lateral, erect, slender, branched or unbranched, numerous to few-flowered. Flowers small to medium sized, fragrant, yellow or white, barred magenta, rose or violet and suffused pink on the outside. Sepals and petals subsimilar, free, spreading; lip trilobed with spreading or erect, small side lobes, a larger, broad midlobe that is entire or somewhat bilobed and has a bilobed, erect callus. Column with a conspicuous foot, very short, sometimes winged; pollinia 2 or 4.


Require intermediate conditions, moderate shade, and high humidity. The plants can be grown potted in a free-draining bark mixture and should not be allowed to dry out completely for any length of time.


  1. Koellensteinia abaetana L.P.Queiroz - Bahia
  2. Koellensteinia altissima Pabst - Bahia, Espírito Santo
  3. Koellensteinia boliviensis (Rolfe ex Rusby) Schltr. - Bolivia
  4. Koellensteinia carraoensis Garay & Dunst. - Venezuela, French Guiana, Suriname
  5. Koellensteinia eburnea (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. - Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana, Brazil, Peru
  6. Koellensteinia elegantula Schltr. - Colombia
  7. Koellensteinia florida (Rchb.f.) Garay - Rio de Janeiro
  8. Koellensteinia graminea (Lindl.) Rchb.f. - Puerto Rico, Trinidad, South America as far south as Bolivia
  9. Koellensteinia graminoides D.E.Benn. & Christenson - Peru
  10. Koellensteinia hyacinthoides Schltr. - Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil
  11. Koellensteinia ionoptera Linden & Rchb.f. - Peru, Ecuador
  12. Koellensteinia kellneriana Rchb.f. - Venezuela, French Guiana, Suriname, Colombia, Brazil, Guyana
  13. Koellensteinia lilijae Foldats - Venezuela
  14. Koellensteinia lineata (Barb.Rodr.) Garay - Mato Grosso
  15. Koellensteinia roraimae Schltr. - Venezuela (Mount Roraima)
  16. Koellensteinia spiralis Gomes Ferreira & L.C.Menezes - Bahia
  17. Koellensteinia tricolor (Lindl.) Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers - Belize, Guyana, Venezuela, Peru, Brazil

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Genaust, Helmut (1976). Etymologisches Wörterbuch der botanischen Pflanzennamen ISBN 3-7643-0755-2
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (1999). Genera Orchidacearum 1. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2001). Genera Orchidacearum 2. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2003). Genera Orchidacearum 3. Oxford Univ. Press
  • Berg Pana, H. 2005. Handbuch der Orchideen-Namen. Dictionary of Orchid Names. Dizionario dei nomi delle orchidee. Ulmer, Stuttgart

External links[edit]