This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Focus||Filipino Martial Arts|
|Country of origin||Philippines|
Kombatan is a Filipino martial arts system. The founder of the system was Ernesto Amador Presas. The current head of the system is Ernesto Presas Jr. The style is known for its double stick techniques, but it features other stick and blade techniques, as well as empty-hand methods.
Ernesto A. Presas Sr. was born in the coastal town of Hinigaran, Negros Occidental on 1945-05-20. At age 8 he began his martial arts training under his father, Jose Presas, a well known escrima practitioner at that time. He went on to be an athlete in his college years, participating in various sports. His training in the martial arts is eclectic, having studied judo, jujutsu, karate, and various forms of Filipino and Japanese weaponry. He was Lakan Sampu (10th Dan) in arnis and Mano Mano (hand-to-hand combat) and Lakan Walo (8th Dan) in Philippine Weaponry.
Remy Presas recognized that the classical arts of their country were losing their appeal and therefore slowly dying. He modernized the native arts into an effective fighting system that would be appealing to martial arts students living in modern Filipino society and called it Modern Arnis. His dream to re-introduce the native arts led to the development of Modern Arnis. Ernesto Presas continued the work after his brother emigrated to the US in 1975. He changed his version of the art a lot in the nineties and then he re-christen his version of the art to the name of Kombatan.
In 1970 he began to teach the Filipino martial arts in the University of the Philippines and Lyceum of the Philippines. Later other classes expanded to the University of Santo Tomas, Central Colleges of the Philippines, the Far Eastern Military Academy, Philippine National Police Academy, and the Philippines Air Force Officer's School. Also in 1970 he was invited to Japan at Expo '70' to demonstrate Arnis. He quickly earned the respect of many of the Japanese masters who called his Art Filipino Kendo. After returning home, with the help of his friend Frederico Lazo, he opened his first club. Later he formed the Modern Arnis Association of the Philippines International and the ARJUKEN (which stands for Arnis, Jujutsu, Kendo) Karate Association to formally spread the art within the Philippines. In 1975 he founded the International Philippine Martial Arts Federation (IPMAF) and began to spread the Filipino art to the outside world. In time his Arnis Presas Style and techniques became widely accepted and adopted by countries in Europe, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Saudi Arabia and Puerto Rico. He has also published numerous books and videos and has been featured on the cover of Inside Kung Fu magazine with the title "Ernesto Presas: The Father of Mano-Mano" (which art he created).
Ernesto Presas traveled the world teaching seminars to spread his art. Many visited the Philippines to take lessons from him in Manila.
Major practitioners include: Ernesto Amador Presas (deceased), Fred Lazo (deceased), Ernesto Presas Jr., Pepe Yap, Mike Bowers, Alex France, Lito Concepcion (deceased), Hugh Doherty, Roger Z. Solar, Juerg Ziegler, Ramses Sison, John R. Malmo, Jon Rudy, Andy Elliott, Kevin Smith, Shelley Millspaugh, Vincent Pernice, Wolfgang Schnur, Walter Hubmann, Edwin Lao, Thorbjørn “Toby” Hartelius, Johan Skålberg, Alex Ercia, Audy Ercia, Tomi Harell, Jose G. Paman, Allan Fami, Oliver Garduce, Randy Remolin, Jess Pablo (deceased), Carlos Pulanco, Andreas Boruta, Heikki Martikainen, Giovanni Zagari, Mark Day, Timothy Morris, Oskar Wirmark, Salvador Caballero and Marina Regnér.
Kombatan combines several traditional Filipino styles that have been blended into a single art:
- Hirada Batangueno - Pinayong. Commonly referred to as hirada bantagueña, after the Batangas province from which it originated, pinayong is Kombatan's "umbrella" block-and-counter pattern. It consists of an umbrella-like covering block/counter followed with any number of strikes; often an upward strike that can impact areas such as the groin, chin, or forearm.
- Sungkiti Tutsada - Sungkiti also called tutsada, tuslok, or salag tusok represents the deadly thrusting techniques that can devastate an opponent. It is especially effective for combat in places where lateral movement is restricted. Sungkiti aims to attack vulnerable areas like the eyes, throat, solar plexus, underams, and groin.
- Abaniko Largo / Corto
- Doblada / Doblete
- Banda y Banda
- Ocho Ocho - Ocho ocho means "figure eight," and this pattern of movement follows the path of the infinity symbol. Ocho ocho may be delivered in a wide or tight manner, depending on the situation.
- Espada Y Daga - sword and dagger, or stick and dagger methods
- Daga sa Daga
- Dulo Dulo - The dulo dulo is a specialty weapon of Kombatan. It is simply a short stick, or horn, of about six inches with points at both ends. It is used in close quarters to attack sensitive areas of the body. It can be utilized to strike; to force your opponent to release you from a grabbing attack; or to magnify the effect of a joint lock by attacking the sensitive points you are controlling.
- Dos Puntas
- Tres Puntas
- Bangkaw - The bangkaw is a staff, usually around six-feet in length, used to attack and defend. Kombatan features techniques for its use against another staff, as well as other weapons. Its primary advantage is its long reach. With it, one can counter an attack from an opponent armed with a bolo or knife without coming into close proximity. The bangkaw is a martial adaptation of the long stick that is used in rural areas of the Philippines to carry two large buckets of water on ones shoulder.
- (Paman, 2007)
- Action Pursuit Group Media. (1983). Arnis. Masters and Styles, (3).
- Action Pursuit Group Media. (1991). Father of Modern Mano Mano teaching art to the world. Inside Kung-Fu, 18(6).
- Bayot France, A. B. (2011). Great Grandmaster Ernesto Presas Kombatan. FMA Informative (1).
- CFW Enterprises. (1998). The Presas family: founders of Modern Arnis. Filipino Martial Arts Magazine, 1(1).
- CFW Enterprises. (2000). An interview with Grandmaster Ernesto A. Presas. Filipino Martial Arts Magazine, 2(4).
- CFW Enterprises. (2000). Ernesto Presas Filipino Kombatan. Martial Arts Combat & Sports, 21(5).
- CFW Enterprises. (2001, January). Master Ernesto Presas - Kombatan empty-hands. Filipino Martial Arts Magazine.
- CFW Enterprises. (2001, August). Learn Kombatan's 12-strikes method. Filipino Martial Arts Magazine.
- Dowd, S. (1999). Great Grandmaster Ernesto A. Presas. FMA Digest.
- Hockheim, H. W. (2002, December). Ernesto Presas jungle fighter. Close Quarter Combat(15).
- Pacific Rim Publishing. (1999). Training in the Philippines. World of Martial Arts.
- Paman, J. (1982). "Arjuken Martial Arts Club Basic Training Manual", Philippines.
- Paman, J. (2006). The Art of the Flow, Inside Kung-Fu Magazine
- Paman, J. (2007). "Arnis Self-Defense: Stick, Blade, and Empty-Hand Combat Techniques of the Philippines", Blue Snake Books : Berkeley.
- Paman, J. (2009). Kombatan founder Ernesto A. Presas the man, the method. FMA Digest.
- Paman, J., Paman, J., Ballantine, J., & Batangbakol, C. (2009). Great Grandmaster Ernesto A. Presas, Kombatan, Filipino Martial Arts Digest. Nevada.
- Presas, E. (1985). "Arnis Presas Style and Balisong"
- Presas, E., Avendanio, S., Torres, R. (1981). "The Art of Arnis: A modern presentation of an Ancient Martial Art"
- Presas, E. (1996). "Filipino Modern Mano-Mano, Presas Style"
- Presas, E. (1996). "Filipino Combative Police Techniques"
- Presas, E. (1998). "Filipino Armas de Mano, Presas Style"
- Presas, E. (1998). "Filipino Knife Fighting, Presas Style"
- Presas, E. (2002). "Dumog, Presas Style"
- Ziegler/Presas, E. (2005). "Kicking and Stretching for Children"
Presas, E. A., Philippine Combative Arts Series. (1995).
- Single Baton (Solo Baston)
- Double Baton (Doble Baston)
- Sword and Knife (Espada y daga)
- Force to Force (Doblete & Doblada)
- Staff (Bankaw)
- Police Techniques
- Umbrella (Sungkiti thrusts)
- Knife Fighting (Daga sa Daga)
- Hand-to-Hand Combat (Mano-mano)
- 12 Baton Strikes Presas Style
- Small Rod (Dos Puntos & Dulo-dulo)
Presas, E. A., Kombatan Curriculum. (2007).
- Solo Baston System
- Double Baston System
- Mano-Mano System