Kori caste

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Kori is an Indian caste, whose traditional occupation was weaving.[1] Other names for this caste include Koli, Kamal, Kamalvansi, Dhiman, Aharwar, and Sankhawar.[2]

The Koris are classified as a Scheduled Caste in the states of Himachal Pradesh,[3] Uttar Pradesh[4][5] and Uttarakhand.[6] The name "Kori" derives from the word "kora" (clean cloth), which refers to their traditional occupation.[7] Some Koris claim descent from Kabir.[8] The word 'koli' also means spider or a weaver of web, alluding to their occupation of weaving.[9]

Harold Gould noted in his research of the jajmani system in Uttar Pradesh that by the 1960s, all of the Koris in the villages studied by him had adopted roles as agricultural labourers, ploughmen, midwives, scavengers and sweepers because industrialisation had made their traditional occupation as weavers redundant.[10] The Kori scheduled caste population in Uttar Pradesh at the 2011 census of India was 2,293,937.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ M. P. S. Chandel (1991). Democratic Transformation of a Social Class. Mittal Publications. p. 49. ISBN 978-81-7099-314-8.
  2. ^ Badri Narayan (2006). Women Heroes and Dalit Assertion in North India: Culture, Identity and Politics. SAGE. p. 119. ISBN 978-81-321-0280-9.
  3. ^ "List of Scheduled Castes". Government of Himachal Pradesh. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  4. ^ Ashish Tripathi (19 February 2011). "UP government has clarified that kori caste is considered as scheduled caste". The Times of India.
  5. ^ Scheduled castes of Uttar Pradesh
  6. ^ Scheduled castes of Uttarakhand
  7. ^ K. S. Singh (1998). India's Communities. Oxford University Press. p. 1822. ISBN 978-0-19-563354-2.
  8. ^ B. V. Bhanu (2004). People of India: Maharashtra. Popular Prakashan. p. 1118. ISBN 978-81-7991-101-3.
  9. ^ Sara Roncaglia (2013). Feeding the City: Work and Food Culture of the Mumbai Dabbawalas. Open Book Publishers. p. 7.
  10. ^ Gould, Harold A. (January 1964). "A Jajmani System of North India: Its Structure, Magnitude, and Meaning". Ethnology. 3 (1): 12–41. JSTOR 4617554.
  11. ^ "A-10 Individual Scheduled Caste Primary Census Abstract Data and its Appendix - Uttar Pradesh". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 6 February 2017.