Kramatorsk radiological accident
|Date||1980 - 1989 |
|Duration||9 years |
|Location||Building 7, Hvardiytsiv Kantemyrivtsiv street, Kramatorsk, Donets'ka 84314, Ukraine|
|Cause||Loss of radioactive material|
|Deaths||2 to 6|
|Non-fatal injuries||17 exposed|
The Kramatorsk radiological accident was a radiation accident that happened in Kramatorsk, Ukrainian SSR from 1980 to 1989. In 1989, a small capsule containing highly radioactive caesium-137 was found inside the concrete wall of an apartment building, with a surface gamma radiation exposure dose rate of 1800 R/year.
The source, originally a part of a radiation level gauge, was lost in the Karansky quarry. The gravel from the quarry was used in construction. The cesium capsule ended up in the concrete panel of Apartment 85 of Building 7 on Gvardeytsiv Kantemirovtsiv Street, between apartments 85 and 52.
Over 9 years, two families lived in Apartment 85. A child's bed was located directly next to the wall containing the capsule. By the time the capsule was discovered, 4 residents of the building had died from leukemia and 17 more had received varying doses of radiation. The accident was detected only after the residents requested that the level of radiation be measured in the apartment by a health physicist. Part of the wall was removed and sent to the Institute for Nuclear Research (NASU), where the cesium capsule was removed and disposed of.
- Makarovska, Olga (2005). "Overview of Radiological Accidents Involving Orphan Radioactive Sources of Ionizing Radiation Worldwide" (PDF). Security and Nonproliferation: 23–24. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
- Obodovskiy, Ilya (2019-03-15). Radiation: Fundamentals, Applications, Risks, and Safety. Elsevier. p. 540. ISBN 9780444639868.
- Ilyin, L. A. "Early Medical Consequences of Radiation Incidents in the Former URRS Territory" (PDF). Retrieved 30 June 2019.