Krzysztof "Piorun" Radziwiłł

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Krzysztof "Piorun" Radziwiłł
Krzysztof Mikołaj "the Thunderbolt" Radziwiłł 1.PNG
Born1547
Died20 November 1603
Board member ofCalvinist
Spouse(s)Katarzyna Sobek z Sulejówka h. Brochwicz
Katarzyna Ostrogska
Katarzyna Tęczyńska
Elżbieta Ostrogska
Childrenwith Katarzyna Ostrogska:
Janusz Radziwiłł
with Katarzyna Tęczyńska:
Krzysztof Radziwiłł
Halaszka Radziwiłł
Parent(s)Mikołaj "the Red" Radziwiłł
Katarzyna Tomicka-Iwińska

Prince Krzysztof Radziwiłł, epithet "Piorun" ("Lightning") (Lithuanian: Kristupas Radvila „Perkūnas“, 1547–1603) was a Reichsfürst of the Holy Roman Empire and a member of the nobility of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.[1]

He was cup-bearer of Lithuania from 1569; Field Hetman of Lithuania from 1572; Castellan of Trakai, Deputy Chancellor of Lithuania from 1579; Voivode of Vilnius Voivodeship from 1584; Lithuanian Grand Hetman from 1589; and Starost.[1]

Life[edit]

Radziwiłł family coat of arms: Trąby

Radziwiłł was one of the most talented commanders in the service of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth during the wars against Muscovy and Sweden, and won the Battle of Kokenhausen.[1] He received the epithet Piorun ("Lightning"; Lithuanian: Perkūnas "Thunderbolt") for his deadly and very successful cavalry raids against Ivan the Terrible's forces in Russian Tsardom territory during the Livonian War, forcing it to capitulate.[2]

His achievements, combined with his powerful Radziwiłł family backing, helped him rise to his various voivode and starost offices and further increased his family's wealth.[1]

Like his father, brother, and nephew, he was an ardent Calvinist and adherent of the Polish Reformed Church, and defended it against the rise of the Counter-Reformation.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Kristupas Radvila Perkūnas". vle.lt. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  2. ^ Jokubauskas, Vytautas. "Ivano košmaras – kaip keli tūkstančiai LDK karių ant kelių parklupdė visą Rusiją". DELFI. Retrieved 20 January 2020.