Kumara haemanthifolia

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Kumara haemanthifolia
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asphodelaceae
Subfamily: Asphodeloideae
Tribe: Aloeae
Genus: Kumara
K. haemanthifolia
Binomial name
Kumara haemanthifolia
(Marloth & A.Berger) Boatwr. & J.C.Manning[1]

Aloe haemanthifolia Marloth & A.Berger

Kumara haemanthifolia is a species of flowering plant in the family Asphodelaceae.[2] It is a rare species of succulent plant, native to a few high, inaccessible mountain peaks in the Fynbos habitat of Western Cape, South Africa.[3]


Kumara haemanthifolia is a small bunched plant, related to aloes, with greyish-green, tongue-shaped leaves that grow in a fan shape, similar to its sister species Kumara plicatilis, the fan-aloe. In fact, it looks very much like a diminutive, stemless form of the tree-like Kumara plicatilis. Its compact ranks of leaves are oblong and grey-green in colour, with bright red margins.[4][5]

Small and close to the ground, it often escapes notice or is mistaken for a lily. In fact, its name "haemanthifolia" was given because of its resemblance to the popular Haemanthus bulbs.[5][6]

It produces bright scarlet flowers at the end of winter (june up until August in its natural habitat).[5][6]

Kumara haemanthifolia is naturally restricted to high mountain tops, in a tiny corner of the Western Cape.


Its natural range also nearly matches that of Kumara plicatilis (being the mountainous area from Stellenbosch through to Ceres) but Kumara haemanthifolia occurs further up on the mountain peaks than its larger sister species. The plant seems to prefer cold south-facing slopes with heavy winter rainfall. It grows in sheltered cracks in sandstone ridges, forming dense clumps.[5][6]

Tucked inside crevices in its natural habitat it is very hardy - surviving both frost and fire. It has a large, strong root stock - meaning that the plant can re-sprout again, even after all of the plant above ground has been totally destroyed by veld fire.[citation needed]


It is a very difficult plant to cultivate, and it usually soon dies if planted outside of its natural habitat.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Kumara haemanthifolia". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2017-10-14.
  2. ^ a b "Kumara haemanthifolia (Marloth & A.Berger) Boatwr. & J.C.Manning". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. Retrieved August 22, 2020.
  3. ^ Victor, J.E. 2009. Aloe haemanthifolia A.Berger & Marloth. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants v. 2011
  4. ^ Glen, H.F. and Craib, C. 1993. Aloe haemanthifolia. Flowering Plants of Africa 52(2):t. 2063.
  5. ^ a b c d "Aloe haemanthifolia information and cultivation tips".
  6. ^ a b c "Aloe haemanthifolia".
  7. ^ "Kumara haemanthifolia | PlantZAfrica". pza.sanbi.org. Retrieved 2020-01-15.

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