Kumher

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Kumher

Kumbher
city
Kumher is located in Rajasthan
Kumher
Kumher
Location in Rajasthan, India
Kumher is located in India
Kumher
Kumher
Kumher (India)
Coordinates: 27°19′N 77°22′E / 27.32°N 77.37°E / 27.32; 77.37Coordinates: 27°19′N 77°22′E / 27.32°N 77.37°E / 27.32; 77.37
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictBharatpur
Area
 • Total5,566 km2 (2,149 sq mi)
Elevation
176 m (577 ft)
Population
(2001)
 • Total30,500
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
321201
Telephone code11000
Vehicle registration05
Sex ratio1000:989 /

Kumher (formerly Kumbher) is a historical city and land of Sinsinwars the initial name of this city was Kuber. It is located in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan, India.

Geography[edit]

Kumher is located at 27°19′N 77°22′E / 27.32°N 77.37°E / 27.32; 77.37.[1] It has an average elevation of 176 metres (577 feet). Kumher is also the birthplace of the illustrious Arya Samaji Vedic and Ayurvedic scholar, Pt. Satyendranath Vaidya (1902–1982).

History[edit]

Kumher was founded by a Jat chieftain Kumbh. In 1754, when Raja Surajmal of Bharatpur was the king, the fort at Kumher was sieged by the Marathas as Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao's younger brother Raghoba (supported by chieftains Scindias and Holkars) wanted Surajmal to be subservant to them. However, the siege did not succeed. In 1754, on behest of Mughal Emperor Alamgir II, Khanderao laid the seize of Kumher fort of Jat Maharaja Suraj Mal of Bharatpur State who had sided with Alamgir's adversary Siraj ud-Daulah. Khanderao Holkar, son of Malhar Rao Holkar, was inspecting his troops on an open palanquin in the battle of Kumher when was hit and killed by a cannonball from the Jat army. Marathas (particularly Scindias and Holkars) signed a treaty with Surajmal and withdrew their army. To honor Khanderao, Suraj Mal built a Chhatri on the cremation spot of Khanderao at Kumher.[2][3][4][5]

Demographics[edit]

At the time of the 2001 India census,[6] Kumher had a population of 30,500. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Kumher has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 95%, and female literacy is 75%. In Kumher, 90% of the population is under 6 years of age. Famous Kishori Mahals (Palaces), Jal Mahal's are in Kumher. Kumher is also part of Braj Bhumi includes Govardhan Parikrima and Punchri Ka Lotha. Famous Temples in Kumer are Satya Narain Mandir, Hanuman Mandir, Jaharbir Baba Mandir, Guru Gorakh Nath Mandir, Shaktidhaam Mandir, Man Santoshi Mandir, Man Jwala Devi Mandir, Shri Ganeshji Mandir.Luxminarain Mandir, Tapsi wale Hanuman Mandir.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kumher
  2. ^ Advanced Study in the History of Modern India 1707-1813, by Jaswant Lal Mehta, pp606
  3. ^ Images of Women in Maharashtrian Literature and Religion, edited by Anne Feldhaus, pp185-186
  4. ^ Omkareshwar and Maheshwar: Travel Guide, p60
  5. ^ Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey, by R. V. Solomon, J. W. Bond, p.72
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.