Kushk River

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The Kushk (known in Turkmenistan as Guşgy) is a river which, during a portion of its course, forms the boundary between Afghanistan and Turkmenistan, and used to form the southernmost border of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. The Kushk is fed by the Aq Robat and Galleh Chagar rivers in north-western Afghanistan.[1] After 150 km, it flows into the Murghab River.[2]


It is also known as Kushka River.[3][4] The river gives its name to Kushk, the chief town in the Afghan province of Herat, situated some 32 kilometres (20 mi) from the border, and to Kushka (now Serhetabat), a former military post on the border of Turkmenistan.


One bridge over the river was built in 1960, it carries a railroad track. Linking Toraghundi with Serhetabat.[2] It later had a road bridge built as well.

Ecological significance[edit]

The region of the Kushka River was home to the Persian leopard. In the past, the Caspian tiger and Asiatic cheetah had occurred here.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kushk". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ a b Hamid Wahed Alikuzai A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes, Volume 1 at Google Books
  3. ^ Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy (Editors)The Turkmen Lake Altyn Asyr and Water Resources in Turkmenistan at Google Books
  4. ^ Hamid Wahed Alikuzai A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes, Volume 1 at Google Books
  5. ^ Heptner, V. G., Sludskij, A. A. (1992) [1972]. "Cheetah, Pardus". Mlekopitajuščie Sovetskogo Soiuza. Moskva: Vysšaia Škola [Mammals of the Soviet Union. Volume II, Part 2. Carnivora (Hyaenas and Cats)]. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation. pp. 702–733. 

Coordinates: 36°03′01″N 62°44′23″E / 36.0502°N 62.7397°E / 36.0502; 62.7397