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Kypros Nicolaides (born 1953) is a Greek Cypriot maternal fetal medicine specialist, and a world expert in fetal surgery and interventions.
Nicolaides was born in 1953 in Paphos, Cyprus. He studied medicine at King’s College School of Medicine and Dentistry in London and soon after graduation joined the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in 1980, doing research with Professor Stuart Campbell and Professor Charles Rodeck as his first assistant, working mainly on fetoscopic techniques and procedures. He was well known for his manual dexterity at procedures and the Rodeck-Nicolaides team soon produced some very important papers on the use of fetoscopy in the management of a wide range of conditions such Rhesus iso-immunization, fetal hydrops and intrauterine growth restriction, and procedures such as blood and tissue sampling in the diagnosis of single gene defects.
After the departure of Professor Rodeck, Nicolaides became director of the Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, the first fetal medicine unit in the United Kingdom. His programme of research and teaching made King's College Hospital an important centre of fetal medicine.
He has contributed to over one thousand journal articles and more than thirty books and monographs.
Concluding a major part of his work over the years regarding the 11-13 weeks scan assessment (including measurement of nuchal translucency) he has proposed a new model of pregnancy care "Turning the Pyramid of prenatal Care". This model shows that it is now possible to assess the risk for most of the relevant complications affecting mother and unborn child if combined screening tests are carried out in a specialist outpatient clinic following protocols published by The Fetal Medicine Foundation. Assessing the risk for pregnancy complications at such an early time in pregnancy might give doctors the chance to reassure patients, and to prevent pre-eclampsia and premature birth, which are major contributors to maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality.