John Clifford, 7th Baron Clifford

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John Clifford
Coat of Arms of Sir John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford, KG.png
John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford
Bornc. 1389
Appleby Castle, Westmorland, England.
Died13 March 1422 (Killed at the Siege of Meaux)
Meaux, Seine-et-Marne, France.
TitleBaron de Clifford
Tenure18 August 1391 – 13 March 1422
Other titles7th Lord of Skipton
NationalityEnglish
ResidenceAppleby Castle
Brougham Castle
Skipton Castle
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Percy
IssueThomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford
Henry Clifford
Mary Clifford, Lady Wentworth
Blanche Clifford, Lady Waterton
ParentsThomas Clifford, 6th Baron Clifford
Elizabeth de Roos

John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford (c. 1389 – 13 March 1422), also known as John, Lord Clifford, 7th Lord of the Honor of Skipton,[1] KG, was an English peer. He was slain at the siege of Meaux, France.

Family[edit]

John Clifford, born about 1389, was the only son of Thomas Clifford, 6th Baron Clifford (d. 18 August 1391), and Elizabeth de Roos (d. March 1424), daughter of Thomas de Roos, 4th Baron Roos of Helmsley and Lady Beatrix Stafford, daughter of Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford.[2] He had a sister, Maud Clifford, who married firstly, John Neville, 6th Baron Latimer, and secondly, Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge.[3]

Career[edit]

At his father's death on 18 August 1391, Clifford, then aged about three, inherited the title and the position of hereditary High Sheriff of Westmorland. He was summoned to Parliament from 21 September 1411 to 26 February 1421.[4]

He took part in a great tournament at Carlisle between six English and six Scottish knights, and in the war in France.[4] He was at the Siege of Harfleur and at the Battle of Agincourt, where he was indented to serve Henry V with 3 archers.[5] He accepted the surrender of Cherbourg.[citation needed] He was made a Knight of the Garter on 3 May 1421.[4] He was a legatee in the will of his cousin, Henry V.[3]

He was slain at the Siege of Meaux on 13 March 1422,[4] and is said to have been buried at Bolton Priory.[3] His widow, who died 26 October 1436,[4] is buried at Staindrop, Durham.[3]

Marriage and issue[edit]

John Clifford married, in about 1404, Elizabeth Percy, the daughter of Sir Henry "Hotspur" Percy and Lady Elizabeth Mortimer, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March[4] and Philippa of Clarence, daughter of Lionel of Antwerp (son of King Edward III of England). By his wife Elizabeth, he had two sons and two daughters:[6][7]

After Clifford's death, his widow Elizabeth married secondly, in 1426, Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland,[4] by whom she had a son, Sir John Neville, who married Lady Anne Holland, daughter of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter.[14][15]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A Description of Bolton Abbey, and Its Adjoining Scenery. J. Tasker, bookseller. 1840. p. 29. Retrieved 1 December 2017. John Lord Clifford, 7th Lord of the Honor of Skipton
  2. ^ Richardson I 2011, pp. 506–7.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Richardson I 2011, p. 507.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Cokayne 1913, p. 293.
  5. ^ Joseph Hunter (1850). Agincourt: a contribution towards an authentic list of the commanders of the English host in King Henry the Fifth's expedition to France, in the third year of his reign. Cowen Tracts: Newcastle University. Stable URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/60201871
  6. ^ a b c Richardson I 2011, pp. 507–8.
  7. ^ Richardson III 2011, p. 341.
  8. ^ Summerson 2004.
  9. ^ Cokayne states that Thomas was the only son of John Clifford, 7th Baron Clifford.
  10. ^ Richardson III 2011, p. 236.
  11. ^ Browning, Charles Henry (1900). Some "Colonial Dames" of Royal Descent: Pedigrees Showing the Lineal Descent from Kings of Some Members of the National Society of Colonial Dames of America, and of the Order of the Crown. p. 351.
  12. ^ Whitehead 2004.
  13. ^ Ellis & Tomlinson 1882, p. 421.
  14. ^ Richardson III 2011, pp. 250–1.
  15. ^ Pollard 2004.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Blore, Thomas (1811). The History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland. Stanford: R. Newcomb.
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Clifford
Baron de Clifford
1391–1422
Succeeded by
Thomas Clifford