Langebro

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Langebro
Port of Copenhagen - sunset.jpg
Coordinates 55°40′13.08″N 12°34′43.46″E / 55.6703000°N 12.5787389°E / 55.6703000; 12.5787389Coordinates: 55°40′13.08″N 12°34′43.46″E / 55.6703000°N 12.5787389°E / 55.6703000; 12.5787389
Carries Motor vehicles, pedestrian and bicycle traffic
Crosses Copenhagen Inner Harbour
Locale City Centre
Islands Brygge
Characteristics
Design Bascule bridge
Total length 250 metres (820 ft)
Clearance above 7 metres (23 ft)
History
Designer Kaj Gottlob
Construction start 1949
Construction end 1954

Langebro (literally "Long Bridge") is a bascule bridge across the Inner Harbour of Copenhagen, Denmark, connecting Zealandside H. C. Andersens Boulevard to Amagerside Amager Boulevard. It is one of only two bridges to carry motor vehicles across the harbour in central Copenhagen, the other being Knippelsbro.

History[edit]

1690: The first Langebro[edit]

Langebro in c. 1860 from the tower of Christian's Church

Completed in 1690, the first bridge located roughly where Langebro is today was known as Kalvebodbro (Kalvebod Bridge) and connected the Western Rampart's Rysensteen Bastion on Zealand with Christianshavn Rampart's Christianshavns Vold#Kalvebod Bastion on Christianshavn. It was a wooden structure with a drawbridge in the middle that allowed ships to pass. The bridge was built for the military but was also open to civilian pedestrians.[1]

The bridge was refurbished several times. It was widened in 1875-76.

1903: The Swing Bridge[edit]

The swing bridge in 1923 with Amager Boulevard in the bottom right corner

Plans for a new Langebro were first presented in 1885 but not realized until 1903. The new bridge was located 400 ft to the south of the old one, Vestre Boulevard (now H. C. Andersens Boulevard) and connected to the Amager Boulevard on the other side of the harbor. It was a swing bridge resting on nine stone pillars.

The swing bridge was both used for both trams and the Amagerbanen railroad.

1939: The temporary bridge[edit]

With growing automobile traffic, the new bridge soon became outdated and a new temporary bridge was constructed in 1930. The bridge was subject to sabotage on 23 March 1945.[2]

1954[edit]

The temporary bridge was replaced by the current Langebro in 1954.[3]

Cultural references[edit]

  • Søren Kierkegaard's pseudonymous author, Hilarius Bookbinder, mentioned it in Stages on Life's Way (1845) "Langebro [Long Bridge] has its name from its length; that is, as a bridge it is long but is not much as a roadway, as one easily finds out by passing over it. Then when one is standing on the other side in Christianshavn, it in turn seems that the bridge must nevertheless be long, because one is far, very far away from Copenhagen." (Stages on Life's Way p. 259)
  • Langebro is a play by Hans Christian Andersen, named for the bridge in Copenhagen.[4]
  • Scenes from a panic-stricken Langebro are featured in the Danish-American 1961 giant monster film Reptilicus.[5]
  • Langebro is seen in many of the Olsen-banden films, including The Olsen Gang, The Olsen Gang in a Fix (1:14:47)[6] and The Olsen Gang on the Track (1:29:16).[7]
  • "Langebro" is the name of Gasolin's 1971 adaption of Joan Baez's version of Geordie, where the setting is shifted from London to Copenhagen and Langebro takes the place of London Bridge.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Da Langebro kun var for soldater". Berlingske (in Danish). Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  2. ^ "Kvægtorvsstationen". evp.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "Langebro". Selskabet for Københavns Historie. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  4. ^ "H.C. Andersen : Langebro". H. C. Andersen Centret. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  5. ^ "Reptilicus, 1961". plaschicke.dk. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  6. ^ "Film 2 Olsenbanden på spanden Die Olsenbande in der Klemme". olsenbande-homepage.de (in German). Retrieved 2014-05-29. 
  7. ^ "Film 7 Olsen banden på sporet / Die Olsenbande stellt die Weichen". olsenbande-homepage.de (in German). Retrieved 5 October 2017. 
  8. ^ "Reptilicus, 1961". DVM. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 

External links[edit]