|Lanner Gorge, Makuleke Area, Kruger National Park|
|Location||Limpopo, South Africa|
|Nearest city||Tshipise, South Africa|
|Area||about 11 kilometres long|
|Established||Incorporated into Kruger Park 1969 returned to Makuleke people 1998|
|Governing body||National Park Service and Makuleke People|
The Lanner Gorge is located in the far North of the Kruger National Park. It forms the boundary between the Kruger National Park to the South and the Makuleke Concession to the North. It was carved by the Luvuvhu River and is at some points more than 150m deep.
The uppermost rocks are gravels which are thought to be Cretaceous in age while the basal shales are thought to be Permian in age. The majority of the walls appear to be composed of Triassic and Jurassic aged sandstones formed under arid conditions.
The Luvuvhu river has eroded through the sandstones and shales and formation is still active as is evidenced by the many collapsed boulders in the river bed.
The precise age of the gorge is unknown, however, the absence of Early Stone Age occupation in the many caves and shelters in the gorge suggests that the gorge may be relatively young and have formed in the last 2 million years.
As the Luvuvhu River is still a young, active river, flooding is common and the gorge is often cluttered with debris such as fallen trees.
Access to the gorge is extremely limited due to its steepness and its status as a wilderness area of Kruger. Nevertheless, some walking trails approach and enter the gorge from both the Makuleke area as well as from the Kruger side.
The gorge holds a variety of wildlife including abundant crocodiles, hippos, hyraxes, baboons, leopards and other small game. Elephants and buffalo and other larger game are common at both ends of the gorge, but have difficulty in accessing the central region due to the steep walls.
Other interesting facts
- The archeological site of Thulamela is located just outside the eastern end of the gorge.
- Legend has it that a former chief used to throw criminals and enemies to their death from the highest points of the gorge.
- Berger, L.R. (2004). "Into the Heart of Eden" (PDF). Prime Origins. p. 97.
- Berger, L.R. (2005). "the History of the Makuleke Concession" (PDF). Wilderness Safaris.
- "Euskelosaurus Locations". 2007. Retrieved 2012-12-07.[dead link]
- Wilderness Safaris (2006). "Wilderness News". Kruger National Park Safaris.
- SANP (2007). "Kruger Park trails". Kruger National Park Safaris.