Larimichthys crocea

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Large yellow croaker
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Sciaenidae
Genus: Larimichthys
L. crocea
Binomial name
Larimichthys crocea
(Richardson, 1846)

Pseudosciaena crocea Richardson, 1846

Larimichthys crocea, called the large yellow croaker, the yellow croaker or the croceine croaker, is a species of marine fish in the croaker family (Sciaenidae) native to the northwestern Pacific, generally in temperate waters such as the Taiwan Strait. It lives in coastal waters and estuaries, often in brackish water also, and is found on muddy-sandy bottoms.[1] Males can reach 80 cm, but a common size is 60 cm.

Once an abundant commercial fish off China, Korea, Taiwan and Japan, its population collapsed in the 1970s due to overfishing.[2] Fishing boats landed 56,000 tonnes of Larimichthys crocea in 2008, and 91,000 tonnes in 2013.[3] The species is now aquafarmed in China, and production has grown to 105,000 tonnes by 2013.[3] Farms have experienced outbreaks of Nocardia seriolae infections.

L. crocea is an important enough commercial species to have its genome mapped in 2014.[4] On 6 January 2015 it became the 200th organism to have its genome annotated by the NCBI Eukaryotic Genome Annotation Pipeline.[5]


  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2010). "Larimichthys crocea" in FishBase. April 2010 version.
  2. ^ Orleans (ed), Leo A. (1980). Science in Contemporary China. Stanford University Press. p. 239. ISBN 978-0-8047-1078-7.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b "Larimichthys crocea". Fisheries Global Information System. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
  4. ^ Wu, Changwen; Zhang, Di; Kan, Mengyuan; Lv, Zhengmin; Zhu, Aiyi; Su, Yongquan; Zhou, Daizhan; Zhang, Jianshe; Zhang, Zhou (2014-11-19). "The draft genome of the large yellow croaker reveals well-developed innate immunity". Nature Communications. 5: 5227. Bibcode:2014NatCo...5.5227W. doi:10.1038/ncomms6227. ISSN 2041-1723. PMC 4263168. PMID 25407894.
  5. ^