Lateral pterygoid plate

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Lateral pterygoid plate
Medial wall of left orbit. (Lateral pterygoid plate labeled at bottom right.)
Sphenoid bone, anterior and inferior surfaces. (Lateral pterygoid plate visible at bottom left.)
Latin lamina lateralis processus pterygoidei
TA A02.1.05.043
FMA 54687
Anatomical terms of bone

The lateral pterygoid plate of the sphenoid (or lateral lamina of pterygoid process) is broad, thin, and everted and forms the lateral part of a horseshoe like process that extends from the inferior aspect of the sphenoid bone, and serves as the origin of the lateral pterygoid muscle, which functions in allowing the mandible to move in a lateral and medial direction, or from side-to-side.

Its lateral surface forms part of the medial wall of the infratemporal fossa, and gives attachment to the lateral pterygoid muscle; its medial surface forms part of the pterygoid fossa, and gives attachment to the medial pterygoid muscle. Posterior edge is sharp, and often has sharp projection - pterygospinous process (Civinini process).

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This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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