Lebanon School District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lebanon School District
Lebanon, Pennsylvania
Lebanon County

United States
District information
Motto Live. Learn. Lebanon.
Superintendent Arthur W. C. Abrom, Ed.D.[1]
Students and staff
District mascot Cedars
Other information
Website www.lebanon.k12.pa.us

Lebanon School District is an urban public school district in Lebanon, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania. The district encompasses approximately 5 square miles (1300 hectares). According to 2000 local census data, it serves a resident population of 25,297. According to District officials, in school year 2007-08 the LSD provided basic educational services to 4,332 pupils through the employment of 331 teachers, 203 full-time and part-time support personnel, and 26 administrators.


Primary schools[edit]

  • Harding Elementary - Building Level Academic Score of 65.8 (2013-2014) [2]
  • Henry Houck Elementary - Building Level Academic Score of 83.9 (2013-2014) [3]
  • Northwest Elementary - Building Level Academic Score of 53.2 (2013-2014) [4]
  • Southwest Elementary - Building Level Academic Score of 71.2 (2013-2014) [5]
  • Southeast Elementary - Building Level Academic Score of 60.5 (2013-2014) [6]

Intermediate school[edit]

  • Lebanon Middle School - Building Level Academic Score of 53.8 (2013-2014) [7]
  • Willow Street Academy - closed June 2012; former temporary school for 9th grade students during renovations at Lebanon High School

Secondary school[edit]


The district is governed by 9 individually elected board members (serve four-year terms), the Pennsylvania State Board of Education, the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the Pennsylvania General Assembly.[8] The federal government controls programs it funds like Title I funding for low-income children in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the No Child Left Behind Act, which mandates the district focus resources on student success in acquiring reading and math skills.

The Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives Sunshine Review gave the school board and district administration a "F" for transparency based on a review of "What information can people find on their school district's website". It examined the school district's website for information regarding; taxes, the current budget, meetings, school board members names and terms, contracts, audits, public records information and more.[9]

Academic achievement[edit]

Lebanon School District was ranked 417th out of 498 Pennsylvania School Districts in 2015 by the website Schooldigger.com,[10] which ranks districts based on, "an Average Standard Score [of all district schools] by normalizing and averaging each school's test scores across all tests and grades." [11]

Historical Rankings ( based on PSSA scores)

  • 2009 - 482nd
  • 2008 - 482nd
  • 2007 - 480th out of 501 Pennsylvania school districts in 2007.[12]

Graduation rate:
2010 - 83% [13]
2009 - 79%
2008 - 80% [14]
2007 - 80% [15]

Lebanon Senior High School[edit]

The school earned a 54.9 School Performance Profile (SPP) score in the 2013-2014 school year, down nearly five points from the previous academic year's score of 59.4.[16]

Scores in individual disciplines were as follows:

2012-2013 2013-2014
Reading 56.43 59.48
Math 36.67 41.04
Science/Biology 12.20 31.11

In 2012, Pennsylvania received a waiver from the federal No Child Left Behind Act's accountability measure, which allowed the state to replace the standard Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) measure of school success with the current School Performance Profile (SPP) score.[17] The historical scores below represent the former means of evaluation and are therefore difficult to compare to the current scores.

PSSA Results
11th Grade Reading
2010 - 49% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 67% of 11th graders on grade level.[18]
2009 - 44%, State - 65%
2008 - 33%, State - 65%
2007 - 45%, State - 65%[19]

11th Grade Math:
2010 - 51% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 59% of 11th graders are on grade level.[20]
2009 - 44%, State - 56% [21]
2008 - 33%, State - 56%
2007 - 40%, State - 53%

11th Grade Science:
2010 - 24% on grade level. State - 40% of 11th graders on grade level.
2009 - 17%, State - 40% [22]
2008 - 11%, State - 40%[23]

College Remediation: According to a Pennsylvania Department of Education study released in January 2009, 42% of Lebanon School District graduates required remediation in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education or community colleges.[24] Less than 66% of Pennsylvania high school graduates, who enroll in a four-year college in Pennsylvania, will earn a bachelor's degree within six years. Among Pennsylvania high school graduates pursuing an associate degree, only one in three graduate in three years.[25] Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, one in three recent high school graduates who attend Pennsylvania's public universities and community colleges takes at least one remedial course in math, reading or English.

Dual enrollment[edit]

The high school offers a dual enrollment program. This state program permits high school students to take courses, at local higher education institutions, to earn college credits. At LHS the courses are offered at Harrisburg Area Community College, Lebanon Valley College, and Harrisburg University of Science and Technology.[26] Students remain enrolled at their high school. The courses count towards high school graduation requirements and towards earning a college degree. The students continue to have full access to activities and programs at their high school, including the graduation ceremony. The college credits are offered at a deeply discounted rate. The state offers a small grant to assist enrollees in costs for tuition, fees and books.[27] Under the Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement, many Pennsylvania colleges and universities accept these credits for students who transfer to their institutions.[28]

For the 2009-10 funding year, the school district received a state grant of $15,812 for the program.[29]

Graduation requirements[edit]

By law, all Pennsylvania secondary school students must complete a project as a part of their eligibility to graduate from high school. The type of project, its rigor and its expectations are set by the individual school district.[30]

Beginning with the class of 2015, students must take the Keystone Exams in Literature and Algebra 1.[31] As originally drafted, beginning in 2017 the law would have required students to have passed the Keystone exams in order to graduate. However, the requirement that students pass either the Keystone exams in Literature, Biology and Algebra or an equivalent project-based assessment has now been delayed until the 2018-2019 school year. The delay was implemented to order to allow officials "time to resolve some of the unintended consequences of Keystone implementation." [32]

Middle school[edit]

In the 2012-2013 academic year, Lebanon Middle School earned a 66.2 School Performance Profile (SPP) score, which fell to 53.8 in the 2013-2014 academic year.[33] Scores in individual disciplines were as follows:[34]

2012-2013 2013-2014
Reading 42.15 45.21
Math 57.74 49.28
Science/Biology 30.34 27.27

The scores below indicate the school's performance on specific PSSA exams prior to the advent of the Performance Profile evaluation metric.

8th Grade Reading:

2010 - 64% on grade level. State - 81% [35]
2009 - 61%, State - 80% [36]
2008 - 54%, State - 78%

8th Grade Math:
2010 - 55% on grade level. State - 75%
2009 - 47%, State - 71%
2008 - 52%, State - 70%

8th Grade Science:
2010 - 24% on grade level. State - 57% of 8th graders are on grade level.[37]
2009 - 22%, State - 54%
2008 - 26%, State - 52%

7th Grade Reading:
2010 - 56% on grade level. State - 73%
2009 - 49%, State - 71%
2008 - 45%, State - 70%

7th Grade Math:
2010 - 62% on grade level. State - 77%
2009 - 57%, State - 75%
2008 - 44%, State - 70%

6th Grade Reading:
2010 - 45% on grade level, State - 68%
2009 - 40%, State - 67%
2008 - 48%, State - 67%

6th Grade Math:
2010 - 60% on grade level, State - 78%
2009 - 53%, State - 75%
2008 - 47%, State - 72%

Special education[edit]

In December 2008, the district reported that 694 pupils or 15% were receiving special education services.[38][39] By the 2013-2014 academic year, that number had grown to 741 pupils, approximately 16% of the total student population.[40] Lebanon School District provides a wide spectrum of special education services. Services and programs available within the District include learning support, speech/language support, secondary life skills support, occupational therapy, physical therapy, vision, adaptive physical education, ESL/LEP, job training, and alternative education programs at the secondary level. The District contracts with Intermediate Unit 13 to provide classes at various schools in Lebanon County to meet the educational needs of students requiring: life skills support, emotional support, sensory support, physical/MDS support, autistic support, basic occupational skills and transition/school-to-work support. Developmental delays are screened for beginning as early as age 3 by IU13 Early Intervention services. Parents request an evaluation for services by contacting the Supervisor of Special Education. The district is required to conduct child find activities for children who may be eligible for services via Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.[41]

When screening results suggest that the student may be eligible, the District seeks parental consent to conduct a multidisciplinary evaluation. Parents who suspect their child is eligible may verbally request a multidisciplinary evaluation from a professional employee of the District or contact the Department of Special Education.

The IDEA 2004 requires each school entity to publish a notice to parents, in newspapers or other media, including the student handbook and website regarding the availability of screening and intervention services and how to access them.

In 2010, the state of Pennsylvania provided $1,026,815,000 for Special Education services. The funds were distributed to districts based on a state policy which estimates that 16% of the district's pupils are receiving special education services. This funding is in addition to the state's basic education per pupil funding, as well as, all other state and federal funding.[42]

Lebanon School District received a $2,449,947 supplement for special education services in 2010.[43]

In 2006, the Lebanon School District received a $14,365 Special Education Inclusive Practices mini-grant from the Pennsylvania Department of Education. The grant was to be used for developing and expanding the effective instruction that encourages meaningful participation in regular education settings. Grants could be used to support the implementation of targeted instructional practices, supplementary aids and services, professional development, or related activities.[44]

Bullying policy[edit]

In 2009, the administration reported there were zero incidents of bullying in the district.[45][46]

The Lebanon School Board adopted a policy which prohibits bullying by district students and the faculty. The policy defines bullying and cyberbullying.[47] The Board directs that complaints of bullying shall be investigated promptly, and corrective action shall be taken when allegations are verified. No reprisals or retaliation shall occur as a result of good faith reports of bullying. The board expects staff members to be responsible to maintain an educational environment free from all forms of bullying. All Pennsylvania schools are required to have an anti-bullying policy incorporated into their Code of Student Conduct. The policy must identify disciplinary actions for bullying and designate a school staff person to receive complaints of bullying. The policy must be available on the school's website and posted in every classroom. All Pennsylvania public schools must provide a copy of its anti-bullying policy to the Office for Safe Schools every year, and shall review their policy every three years. Additionally, the district must conduct an annual review of that policy with students.[48] The Center for Schools and Communities works in partnership with the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency and the Pennsylvania Department of Education to assist schools and communities as they research, select and implement bullying prevention programs and initiatives.[49]

Education standards relating to student safety and antiharassment programs are described in the 10.3. Safety and Injury Prevention in the Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education.[50]


In 2009, the district reported employing over 300 teachers with a starting salary of $39,000 to $124,430 for a 189-day work year.[51] The average teacher salary is $53,412.[52] By contract the teachers work a 6-hour-50-minute day. Additionally, the teachers receive a defined benefit lifetime pension, health insurance (employee pays 10% of the monthly premium), vision insurance, dental insurance, college course reimbursement, 3 paid personal days, 10-12 paid sick days, sabbatical leave, a lump-sum retirement bonus payment for unused sick days of up to $7500, and other benefits. Teachers earn an hourly rate for extra instructional services provided outside the work day when requested by the district.[53]

In 2007, the district employed 266 teachers. The average teacher salary in the district was $48,364 for 180 days worked.[54]

In 2008, Lebanon School District's administrative costs were $743.62 per pupil. The district ranked 265th of 500 school districts for per-pupil administrative spending. The lowest administrative cost per pupil in Pennsylvania was $398 per pupil.[55]

The district administration reported that per pupil spending in 2008 was $11,150 which ranked 385th in the state's 501 school districts.[56]

Reserves - In 2008, the district reported a deficit of -$431,292 in an unreserved-undesignated fund balance. The designated fund balance was reported as zero.[57]

In December 2010, the Pennsylvania Auditor General conducted a performance audit of the district. The findings were reported to the administration and the school board.[58]

The district is funded by a combination of: a local earned income tax for Lebanon City of 1.9%, a property tax, a real estate transfer tax 0.5%, coupled with substantial funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the federal government. In the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, pension income and Social Security income are exempted from state personal income tax and local earned income tax, regardless of personal wealth.[59]

State basic education funding[edit]

For the 2010-11 budget year, the Lebanon School District was allotted a 14.46% increase in Basic Education Funding for a total of $24,763,476. Of the six school districts in Lebanon County, Lebanon School District received the highest state funding increase. One hundred fifty Pennsylvania school districts received the base 2% increase. Only 16 school district in Pennsylvania received an increase greater than 10%. The highest increase in 2010-11 went to Kennett Consolidated School District in Chester County which received a 23.65% increase in state funding.[60] The amount of increase each school district receives is set by the Governor and the Secretary of Education as a part of the state budget proposal given each February.[61]

In the 2009-2010 budget year the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provided an 11.28% increase in Basic Education funding for a total of $21,634,580. This was the highest percentage point increase, in Basic Education Funding, for the school districts in Lebanon County. Fifteen school districts in Pennsylvania received increases of over 10% in Basic Education Funding.[62] The state Basic Education funding to the district in 2008-09 was $19,441,605. Ninety school districts received a base 2% increase. Muhlenberg School District in Berks County received a 22.31% increase in state basic education funding in 2009.

Accountability Block Grants[edit]

Beginning in 2004-2005, the state launched the Accountability Block Grant school funding. This program has provided $1.5 billion to Pennsylvania’s school districts. The Accountability Block Grant program requires that its taxpayer dollars are focused on specific interventions that are most likely to increase student academic achievement. These interventions include: teacher training, all-day kindergarten, lower class size K-3rd grade, literacy and math coaching programs that provide teachers with individualized job-embedded professional development to improve their instruction, before or after school tutoring assistance to struggling students, For 2010-11 the Lebanon School District applied for and received $1,108,150 in addition to all other state and federal funding. The district used the funding to provide:preschool, full-day kindergarten and teacher coaches who work to improve teacher instruction.[63][64]

Education Assistance grant[edit]

The state's EAP funding provides for the continuing support of tutoring services and other programs to address the academic needs of eligible students. Funds are available to eligible school districts and full-time career and technology centers (CTC) in which one or more schools have failed to meet at least one academic performance target, as provided for in Section 1512-C of the Pennsylvania Public School Code. In 2010-11 the Lebanon School District received $318,370.[65]

Classrooms for the Future grant[edit]

The Classroom for the Future state program provided districts with hundreds of thousands of extra state funding to buy laptop computers for each core curriculum high school class (English, Science, History, Math) and paid for teacher training to optimize the computers use. The program was funded from 2006-2009. Lebanon School District did not apply for funding in 2006-07. In 2007-08 it was awarded $307,274 in funding. In 2008-09 it received $55,186 for a total funding of $362,460. Of the 501 public school districts in Pennsylvania, 447 of them received Classrooms for the Future grant awards [66]

Federal Stimulus funding[edit]

The district received an extra $3,940,473 in ARRA - Federal Stimulus money to be used in specific programs like special education and meeting the academic needs of low-income students.[67] The funding was for 2009-2010 through 2010-2011.

According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2981 students qualified for free or reduced-price lunch due to low family income in 2008.[68]

Race to the Top grant[edit]

School district officials applied for the Race to the Top federal grant which would have brought the district over one million additional federal dollars for improving student academic achievement. The district was identified by the state department of education as a turnaround district due to poor student achievement. This meant the school district would receive an extra $750 per pupil on top of the base grant funding.[69] Participation required the administration, the school board and the local teachers' union to sign an agreement to prioritize improving student academic success. In Pennsylvania, 120 public school districts and 56 charter schools agreed to participate.[70] Pennsylvania was not approved for the grant. The failure of districts to agree to participate was cited as one reason that Pennsylvania was not approved.[71]

Real estate taxes[edit]

The school board levied a real estate tax of 117.5100 mills in 2010-11.[72] A mill is $1 of tax for every $1,000 of a property's assessed value. Irregular property reassessments have become a serious issue in the commonwealth as it creates a significant disparity in taxation within a community and across a region. On the local level, Pennsylvania district revenues are dominated by two main sources: 1) Property tax collections, which account for the vast majority (between 75-85%) of local revenues; and 2) Act 511 tax collections, which are around 15% of revenues for school districts.[73]

  • 2009-10 - 115.5100 mills [74]
  • 2008-09 - 113.5100 mills.[75]

Act 1 Adjusted index[edit]

The Act 1 of 2006 Index regulates the rates at which each school district can raise property taxes in Pennsylvania. Districts are not allowed to raise taxes above that index unless they allow voters to vote by referendum, or they seek an exception from the state Department of Education. The base index for the 2011-2012 school year is 1.4 percent, but the Act 1 Index can be adjusted higher, depending on a number of factors, such as property values and the personal income of district residents. Act 1 included 10 exceptions, including: increasing pension costs, increases in special education costs, a catastrophe like a fire or flood, increase in health insurance costs for contracts in effect in 2006 or dwindling tax bases. The base index is the average of the percentage increase in the statewide average weekly wage, as determined by the PA Department of Labor and Industry, for the preceding calendar year and the percentage increase in the Employment Cost Index for Elementary and Secondary Schools, as determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the U.S. Department of Labor, for the previous 12-month period ending June 30. For a school district with a market value/personal income aid ratio (MV/PI AR) greater than 0.4000, its index equals the base index multiplied by the sum of .75 and its MV/PI AR for the current year.[76]

The School District Adjusted Index for the Lebanon School District 2006-2007 through 2011-2012.[77]

  • 2006-07 - 5.8%, Base 3.9%
  • 2007-08 - 5.1%, Base 3.4%
  • 2008-09 - 6.6%, Base 4.4%
  • 2009-10 - 6.2%, Base 4.1%
  • 2010-11 - 4.4%, Base 2.9%
  • 2011-12 - 2.2%, Base 1.4%

The Lebanon School Board applied for exceptions to exceed the Act 1 index for the budget in 2011, including special education and pension costs.[78] In the Spring of 2010, 135 Pennsylvania school boards asked to exceed their adjusted index. Approval was granted to 133 of them and 128 sought an exception for pension costs increases.[79]

Property tax relief[edit]

In 2010, the Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief from gambling for the Lebanon School District was $397 per approved permanent primary residence. This was the highest amount in the Lebanon County. In the district, 4459 property owners applied for the tax relief. The relief was subtracted from the total annual school property tax bill.[80] Property owners apply for the relief through the county Treasurer's office. Farmers can qualify for a farmstead exemption on building used for agricultural purposes. The farm must be at least 10 contiguous acres and must be the primary residence of the owner. Farmers can qualify for both the homestead exemption and the farmstead exemption. Pennsylvania awarded the highest property tax relief to residents of the Chester-Upland School District in Delaware County at $641 per homestead and farmstead in 2010.[81] CUSD was given $632 in 2009. This was the second year they were the top recipient.

A special investigation conducted by the Pennsylvania Auditor General found that 76% of homeowners in Lebanon County had applied for the property tax relief.[82]

Additionally, the Pennsylvania Property Tax/Rent Rebate program is provided for low income Pennsylvanians aged 65 and older; widows and widowers aged 50 and older; and people with disabilities age 18 and older. The income limit is $35,000 for homeowners. The maximum rebate for both homeowners and renters is $650. Applicants can exclude one-half (1/2) of their Social Security income, so people who make substantially more than $35,000 may still qualify for a rebate. Individuals must apply annually for the rebate.

Property taxes in Pennsylvania are relatively high on a national scale. According to the Tax Foundation, Pennsylvania ranked 11th in the U.S. in 2008 in terms of property taxes paid as a percentage of home value (1.34%) and 12th in the country in terms of property taxes as a percentage of income (3.55%).[83]

Extracurricular Activities[edit]

The district's students have access to a variety of clubs, activities and sports. Eligibility for participation is determined by the school board policy.[84] Any student who earns a failing grade in two or more full credit course will become ineligible to participate for a period of one week.[85]

By Pennsylvania law, all K-12 students in the district, including those who attend a private nonpublic school, cyber charter school, charter school and those homeschooled, are eligible to participate in the extracurricular programs, including all athletics. They must meet the same eligibility rules as the students enrolled in the district's schools.[86]

Intermediate Unit[edit]

Lancaster Lebanon Intermediate Unit (IU#13) region includes: Lebanon County and Lancaster County. The agency provides Lebanon School District, charter schools, the district's home schooled students and area private schools many services, including: Special education services, combined purchasing, and instructional technology services. It runs Sail Summer Academy which offers both art and academic strands designed to meet the individual needs of gifted, talented and high achieving students.[87] Additional services include: Curriculum Mapping, Professional Development for school employees, Adult Education, Nonpublic School Services, Business Services, Migrant & ESL (English as a Second Language), Instructional Services, Special Education, Management Services, and Technology Services. The IU 13 offers preemployment screening, including fingerprinting, for prospective public school employees.[88] It also provides a GED program to adults who want to earn a high school diploma and literacy programs. The Lancasert-Lebanon Intermediate Unit is governed by a 22-member Board of Directors, each a member of a local school board from the 22 school districts. Board members are elected by their fellow school directors for three-year terms that begin July 1. There are 29 intermediate units in Pennsylvania. They are funded by school districts, state and federal program specific funding and grants. IUs do not have the power to tax.[89]


  1. ^ "Leadership Team". Lebanon School District. Retrieved 2017-07-05. 
  2. ^ "School Performance Profile: Harding El Sch". paschoolperformance.org. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  3. ^ "School Performance Profile: Houck El Sch". paschoolperformance.org. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  4. ^ "School Performance Profile: Northwest El Sch". paschoolperformance.org. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  5. ^ "School Performance Profile: Southwest El Sch". paschoolperformance.org. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  6. ^ "School Performance Profile: Southeast El Sch". paschoolperformance.org. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  7. ^ "School Performance Profile: Lebanon MS". paschoolperformance.org. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  8. ^ "Pennsylvania School Code 2009". Retrieved January 26, 2011. 
  9. ^ The Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives. "The Pennsylvania Project". Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Pennsylvania District Rankings". SchoolDigger. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  11. ^ "SchoolDigger.com". SchoolDigger. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  12. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (May 23, 2007). "Three of top school districts in state hail from Allegheny County,". Archived from the original on March 28, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Lebanon School District Report Card 2010 data tabe". January 27, 2011. Archived from the original on July 27, 2012. 
  14. ^ The Times-Tribune (June 25, 2009). "Lebanon County School Districts Graduation Rate 2008,". 
  15. ^ Pennsylvania Partnerships for Children. "Pennsylvania High School Graduation Rates 2007". Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved January 26, 2011. 
  16. ^ "School Performance Profile: Lebanon SHS". paschoolperformance.org. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  17. ^ "Pennsylvania granted NCLB waiver, which eliminates AYP". Public School Notebook. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  18. ^ The Times-Tribune (September 14, 2010). "Lebanon School District PSSA scores 2010, Grading Our Schools,". 
  19. ^ "Pennsylvania Department of Education Mathematics and Reading PSSA results by School and Grade 2007". Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  20. ^ "2009-2010 PSSA and AYP Results". Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  21. ^ 2009 "PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results" Check |url= value (help). Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  22. ^ The Times-Tribune (September 14, 2010). "Lebanon School District PSSA scores 2009, Grading Our Schools,". 
  23. ^ "Pennsylvania Department of Education Science PSSA results by school and Grade 2008". Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Pennsylvania College Remediation Report". Retrieved January 27, 2011. [permanent dead link]
  25. ^ "National Center for Education Statistics". 
  26. ^ "Dual Enrollment at LHS" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 21, 2011. Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  27. ^ "2010-2011 Pennsylvania Department of Education - Dual Enrollment Guidelines". Archived from the original on October 17, 2014. Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  28. ^ "Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement". Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Pennsylvania Department of Education Dual Enrollment Fall Grants 2009-10". August 2009. Archived from the original on 2013-10-20. 
  30. ^ "Pennsylvania Code §4.24 (a) High school graduation requirements". 2 January 2011. 
  31. ^ "Pennsylvania's New Graduation Requirements". Archived from the original on December 20, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  32. ^ "Bill Delaying Keystone Exam Graduation Requirement Approved By Pa. Senate | Patch". Levittown, PA Patch. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  33. ^ "School Performance Profile: Lebanon MS". paschoolperformance.org. Retrieved 2015-10-26. 
  34. ^ "School Performance Profile: Lebanon MS". paschoolperformance.org. Retrieved 2015-10-26. 
  35. ^ The Times-Tribune (September 14, 2010). "2010 PSSA Results Lebanon School District, Grading Our Schools databases,". 
  36. ^ "Lebanon Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 2008 & 2009". Archived from the original on 2012-09-11. 
  37. ^ "Science PSSA Results Lebanon School District, Grading Our Schools databases,". The Times-Tribune. September 14, 2010. 
  38. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Bureau of Special Education (January 27, 2011). "Lebanon School District Special Education Data Report LEA Performance on State Performance Plan (SPP) Targets School Year 2008-2009" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 29, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Pennsylvania Department of Education Bureau of Special Education reports". Archived from the original on 2011-08-24. 
  40. ^ "School Performance Profile: Lebanon SD". paschoolperformance.org. Retrieved 2015-10-26. 
  41. ^ "Lebanon School District Annual Special Education Notice". Archived from the original on February 11, 2011. Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  42. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Pennsylvania Special Education Funding". Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  43. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (July 2010). "Special Education Funding from Pennsylvania State_2010-2011". 
  44. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (December 2006). "Pennsylvania Education Secretary Announces More Than $1 Million to Enhance School Experience for Students With Disabilities". 
  45. ^ "Lebanon School District School Safety Annual Report 2008 - 2009" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-29. 
  46. ^ "Pennsylvania Safe Schools Online Reports". 
  47. ^ "Lebanon High School Student Handbook" (PDF). 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. 
  48. ^ "Regular Session 2007-2008 House Bill 1067, Act 61 Section 6 page 8". 
  49. ^ "Center for Safe Schools of Pennsylvania, Bullying Prevention advisory". 
  50. ^ "Pennsylvania Academic Standards". 
  51. ^ Asbury Park Press (2009). "Lebanon School District Report, Pa. Public School Salaries,". 
  52. ^ "Lebanon School District Payroll info". Archived from the original on June 16, 2012. Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  53. ^ "Lebanon School District Teachers' Union Contract". January 28, 2011. Archived from the original on June 16, 2012. 
  54. ^ Fenton, Jacob. "Average classroom teacher salary in Lebanon County, 2006-07. The Morning Call". Archived from the original on April 22, 2012. Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  55. ^ Fenton, Jacob. "Pennsylvania School District Data: Will School Consolidation Save Money?, The Morning Call,". Archived from the original on April 22, 2012. Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  56. ^ "Per Pupil Spending in Pennsylvania Public Schools in 2008 Sort Spending". Archived from the original on 2014-10-07. 
  57. ^ "Pennsylvania Department of Education report on Fund Balances by Local Education Agency 1997 to 2008". Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. 
  59. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Revenue. "Pennsylvania Personal Income Taxation Guidelines". Archived from the original on December 13, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  60. ^ Pennsylvania House Appropriations Committee Education Budget information. "PA Basic Education Funding-Printout2 2010-2011". Archived from the original on October 8, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  61. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Budget Proposal 2009, Office of Budget, (February 2009). "Governor's Budget Proposal 2009". Archived from the original on 2009-12-24. 
  62. ^ "Pennsylvania Department of Education Report on Funding by school district". October 2009. Archived from the original on 2014-10-08. 
  63. ^ "Pennsylvania Department of Education - Accountability Block Grant report 2010, Grantee list 2010". Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  64. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (November 17, 2010). "Accountability Block Grant Mid Year report". Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. 
  65. ^ "Educational Assistance Program Funding 2010-2011 Fiscal Year". Pennsylvania Department of Education. Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  66. ^ "Pennsylvania Auditor General Classroom For the Future grants audit" (PDF). December 22, 2008. 
  67. ^ "Lebanon County ARRA FUNDING Report 2010". Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  68. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education School District Funding Report, October 2009
  69. ^ "Pennsylvania's 'Race to the Top' Fueled by Effective Reforms, Strong Local Support, Governor's news office". January 20, 2010. 
  70. ^ Pennsylvania's 'Race to the Top' Fueled by Effective Reforms, Strong Local Support. Governor's Press Office release, January 20, 2010
  71. ^ "Race to the Top Fund, U.S. Department of Education". March 29, 2010. 
  72. ^ "Real Estate Tax Millage by School District, Pennsylvania Department of Education". 2010. Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. 
  73. ^ "Pennsylvania Department of Education, Act 511 Tax Report, 2004". Pennsylvania Department of Education. 
  74. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Pennsylvania School District Finances_Real Estate Tax Rates_0910". Archived from the original on 2014-10-21. 
  75. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "Real Estate Tax Millage by School District". Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. 
  76. ^ "Pennsylvania Department of Education 2010-11 Act 1 of 2006 Referendum Exception Guidelines". 
  77. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 2010). "Special Session Act 1 of 2006 School District Adjusted Index for 2006-2007 through 2011-2012,". 
  78. ^ "Pennsylvania SSAct1_Act1 Exceptions Report 2010-2011". April 2010. Archived from the original on 2014-10-08. 
  79. ^ Scarcella, Frank; Pursell, Tricia, (May 25, 2010). "Local school tax assessments exceed state averages". The Daily Item. 
  80. ^ "Tax Relief per Homestead 2010, Pennsylvania Department of Education Report". May 1, 2010. Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. 
  81. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 2009). "Tax Relief per Homestead 5-1-09. Report". 
  82. ^ Pennsylvania Auditor General (February 23, 2010). "Auditor General Jack Wagner: Potentially Hundreds of Thousands Of Pennsylvanians Missing Out on Property Tax Relief from Slots". 
  83. ^ Tax Foundation (September 22, 2009). "New Census Data on Property Taxes on Homeowners,". Archived from the original on September 6, 2011. 
  84. ^ "Lebanon School Board Policy Manual Co-curriculars Policy 122 and Interscholastic Athletics Policy 123". Archived from the original on 2011-02-11. 
  85. ^ "Lebanon School District Inter-athletic Policies" (PDF). lebanon.k12.pa.us. Lebanon School District. August 19, 2013. 
  86. ^ Office of the Governor Press Release, (November 10, 2005). "Home-Schooled, Charter School Children Can Participate in School District Extracurricular Activities, Pennsylvania". Archived from the original on October 23, 2014. 
  87. ^ Lancaster-Lebanon Intermediate Unit 13. "Project SAIL Summer Enrichment Camps". Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  88. ^ "IU13 Clearances Information". Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  89. ^ IU13 publication. (January 28, 2011). "Spotlight on Savings" (PDF). 

External links[edit]