Later, 160 Greenlanders, including 16 women, established themselves there under the leadership of Norseman Thorfinn Karlsefni, the first European to come into contact with the local Skrælings, or American Indians. Karlsefni's son, Snorri Thorfinnsson, is believed to have been the first child of European descent to be born in North America outside of Greenland. However the settlement was a temporary one, and the settlers were forced to abandon Leifsbudir due to a lack of trade with natives and return to Greenland.
- Geoffrey Jules Marcus (2007). The Conquest of the North Atlantic. Boydell & Brewer Ltd. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-84383-316-1.
- Number of Settlements in Vinland (Vinland Sagas)
- Birgitta Wallace (2003). "The Norse in Newfoundland: L'Anse aux Meadows and Vinland". The New Early Modern Newfoundland. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
- Ronald J. Mason (2006). Inconstant Companions: Archaeology and North American Indian Oral Traditions. University of Alabama Press. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-8173-1533-7.
- Graeme Davis (2011). Vikings in America. Birlinn, Limited. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-85790-065-4.