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Les Podervianskyi (Ukrainian: Олександр [Лесь] Сергійович Подерв’янський, IPA: [ˈlɛsʲ poderˈβjɑnsʲkʲɪj]; born 1952 in Kiev) is a Ukrainian painter, poet, playwright and performer. He is most famous for his absurd, highly satirical, and at times obscene short plays. Their average duration is five to fifteen minutes, with some exceptions. Podervianskyi has a cult following among Kiev intellectuals.
Podervianskyi wrote most of his works in the Soviet Union in the mid to late 1980s, a time of stagnation in politics and social life—the of era of "zastoy" and the time of rapid changes in consciousness. He observed the people in that situation, their reactions and behaviour. And most thoroughly he watched the speech patterns of outsiders and commoners, people from the country. The author places common people in grotesque absurd situations and shows how they would act and speak much the same regardless of what happens.
Podervianskyi's works are highly regarded owing to his attention to detail. Many behavioural modes are easily recognizable, and people are able to recognize themselves in the plays. The general absurdity of the situation makes the characters' absurd actions more acceptable, and although certain phrases the author uses are politically incorrect, his humour is generally neutral.
Podervianskyi's works have often been criticized because of his use of vulgar unprintable language. They are written mostly in Surzhyk and include much swearing and obscenities, which make them appear as if they were composed by an uneducated person. Often it seems that the only reason one would read the works is for their comic impact and to hear creative swearing. But this is not the case. The numerous citations from Shakespeare, Nietzsche, Taoism and dzen buddhism philosophers give the idea of several intellectual layers in his works. Although a number of Podervianskyi's expressions have entered Ukrainian slang, he uses crude language to show the flaws and grotesqueness of his characters. Podervianskyi carefully matches up language with his characters. Thus a self-made intellectual spouts scientific-sounding nonsense, while more "straightforward" characters use simple words to express complex things.
Because Podervianskyi's works are known primarily in the form of audio recordings of the author's recitals, his voice adds extra dramatic effect to the text.
Works of Les Podervianskyi
- Hamlet — Гамлєт, або феномен датського кацапізму
- Pavlik Morozov — Павлік Порозов
- Pizdets — Піздєц
- Katsapy — Кацапи
- Danko — Данко
- Tsikavi Doslidy — Цікаві досліди
- Patsavata Istoriya — Пацавата історія
- Heroy Nashoho Chasu — Герой нашого часу
- Vasilisa Yehorovna i Muzhychki — Васіліса Єгоровна і мужичкі
- Mesto vstrechi izmenit nizzya, blyad — Місце встрєчі ізмєніть ніззя, блядь
- Ostanovis' mhnovenie — Остановісь мгновєніє
- Utopiya — Утопія
- Snoby — Сноби
- Khvoroba Ivasyka — Хвороба Івасика
- Korol Litr — Король Літр
- Nirvana, or Also Shprekh Zoroaster- Нірвана, або Альзо Шпрех Заратустра
- Yohy — Йоги
- Svoboda — Свобода
- Kazka pro repku — Казка про репку
- Vostok — Восток
- Do khuya masla — До хуя масла
- Pyat' Khvylyn Na Rozdumy — П'ять хвилин на роздуми
- Yoko ta Samurai — Йоко та самураї
- Dynamo — Динамо
- Jean Marais ta yoho druzi — Жан Маре та його друзі
- Dokhtory — Дохтори
- Kamyanyi Dovboyob — Кам'яний довбойоб
- Irzhyk — Іржик
- Den' kolhospnyka — День колгоспника
- Mnozhennya v umi, abo plynnist' chasu — Множення в умі, або плинність часу
- Triasovyi Period — Тріасовий період
- Diana — Діана
- Blesk i nishcheta pidarasiv — Блєск і ніщєта підарасів
Podervianskyi's Hamlet is a short, satiric retelling of Hamlet by William Shakespeare, set in an imaginary Denmark that closely resembles the Soviet Union of the 1980s. A bored and indifferent hero doesn't care about religion, revenge, truth, or politics; all he wants is to get drunk. Eventually he kills everyone, including his father, and he is taken to an asylum by a famous psychiatrist Sigmund Freud.
A longer (one-hour) play set in the Siberian taiga, where a group of members of the Soviet youth Pioneer Movement is led by a Communist official in search of God in order to prove (by not finding God) that God does not exist. Things rapidly change when God's messenger Mykola Ostrovsky (a reference to Soviet writer Nikolai Ostrovsky), is found in the process. The result of rapid change from atheism to paganism is minimal in terms of human behaviour. The name of the play refers to pioneer Pavlik Morozov, a young Soviet communist "martyr".
(Devoted to artists unions)
A group of passive art-men live in a freight car, eat state-supplied noodles every day, and do absolutely nothing except pseudo-intellectual chat. They are completely happy inside because they are guaranteed their supply of noodles. They are too scared to leave the car for fear of losing their daily meal. On the contrary, local passers-by (non-art-men) are extremely intrigued by what is happening inside, and seek whatever ways to get into the community. In the end, car brakes are removed, it rolls and crashes offscene.
Four Russian tourists enjoy the seaside in mid-level resort city (arguably, Feodosiya), speaking with heavy Moscovite pronunciation (known as akanye). Four Ukrainian natives are approaching the city by train, speaking in Surzhyk and discussing various things, events and nations with equal enmity. As train arrives to the destination in the last act, Ukrainians meet Russians and kick their asses.
This play is one of the shortest and at the same time one of the most often referred to and cited in unofficial communication and in public critical literature and media discourse. Its plot is a parody of a classical play by a Soviet writer Maksim Gorky, an idyllic myth of totalitarian Communist ideology. In Gorky's play a hero named Danko leads poor people to the light and happiness through hardships and darkness, burns his own heart to show them the way and dies after this self-sacrifice. Les Podervianskyi's Danko is a rather strange and pathetic fellow, he is also leading a mob of people somewhere but he does not know the way and as he is afraid that people would be angry with his poor directions he burns his heart first, then his liver and finally his kidneys. He dies without any sense and is forgotten by the mob at once.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Les Podervyansky.|
- Paintings of Les Podervianskyi
- Fan-club in livejournal community, recent photos, links, facts and events
- Official site including texts and audio plays
- Les Podervyansky at artofukraine.com
- Tsikavi Doslidy. Unofficial web site (Ukrainian language)
- Author page: Les Podervyansky at the readers and recommendations website GoodReads